大家好 我是来自mmmEnglish的Emma
Hello! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish
在这节课中 我将和你们分享十个
and in this lesson, I’m going to share with you 10 English words
你有可能读错的英语单词
that you’re probably mispronouncing
如果你正在学习说英语
If you are learning to speak English
那么发音
then pronunciation is
可能会是你现在最大的障碍之一
probably one of the biggest frustrations that you have right now
而我选的这些单词
and these words that I have chosen
是很难的
are difficult
由于英语里字母或者读音间的组合
because of the combination of letters or sounds in English
(组合在一起的时候)会使得发音非常难
Together they can be quite difficult
或者说,实际上你会被你的眼睛所欺骗
or your eyes can, in fact, play tricks on you
因为你看到的字母
because the letters that you see
它们并不像你认为的那样发音
they don’t sound like you think they should
而且这些单词中 有些单词
and some of these words are
甚至对于母语是英语的人来说都是很难发音的
even difficult for native English speakers to pronounce
但是你不必担心
But don’t worry about it
不必焦虑
don’t sweat
我们将解决这些发音问题
We’re going to fix these pronunciation problems
此时此刻 在这节课上
Right here, right now in this lesson!
那么让我们开始吧 第一个单词是“vegetable”
Let’s get started! OK the first word is ‘vegetable’
“vegetable” 现在这个单词会是个挑战
‘vegetable’. Now this word is a challenge
因为它看上去好像应该有
because it looks like there should be
四个音节 ‘vegetable’
four syllables in this word. ‘Vegetable’.
但是并不是
But there’s not
这个单词只有三个音节 ‘vege ta ble’
there are three syllables, ‘vegetable’
你能发现这个完全被我们忽略的’e’音节吗
Can you see this syllable- that we completely forget the ‘e’? vegetable
第二个音节是不发音的
We don’t pronounce that second syllable
‘vege table” vege table’
Vegetable’, ‘vegetable’.
非常棒
Fantastic!
我要去超市
I’m going to the market
买些蔬菜做晚餐
to get some vegetables for dinner.
‘Comfortable’
‘Comfortable’.
这个单词就和’vegetable’一样
now,this word, just like ‘vegetable’
也有一个不需要发音的元音
has an extra vowel in there that we don’t need to pronounce
‘comf(o)rtable’ 而不是’comfortable’
‘Comfortable’, not ‘comfortable’
或者’comfortable’
or ‘comfortable’
而是’comfortable’ ‘comfortable’
But ‘comfortable’ ‘comfortable’
请你忽略掉那个元音
You skip that vowel sound
comfortable
Comfortable
今天下午你看上去很惬意
You look very comfortable this afternoon.
‘Almond’ 这个单词中’L’是不发音的
‘Almond’. Now in this word the ‘L’ is silent.
不是’almond’ 或者是’almond’ 而是
It’s not ‘almond’ or ‘almond’ it’s ‘al-
‘al-mond’ ‘almond’ ‘almond’ ‘almond’
-mond’, ‘almond’, ‘almond’, ‘almond’.
我要做一个杏仁蛋糕当作甜点
I’m going to make an almond cake for dessert
还有很多其他的英语单词
Now there are lots of other English words
也有’L‘不发音的情况
that have a silent letter ‘L’ in them
就像:‘salmon’ 不是 ‘salmon’ ‘half’ 不是’half’ 还有’would’ ‘talk’ ‘walk’这些
words like ‘salmon’, not ‘salmon’, ‘half’, not ‘half’, ‘would’, ‘talk’, ‘walk’
所有的这些单词
All of these words
都有一个不发音的’L ‘这让他们
have a silent ‘L’ in them, which makes them
很容易被读错
a little bit tricky to pronounce correctly.
我做了一个独立的录像
I’ve got a separate video
其中讲了英语中不发音的字母的所有情况
that is all about silent letters in English words
在那个录像中不仅有不发音的L 还有很多其他的不发音字母
and I talk about the letter ‘L’ and lots of other silent letters in that video
你可以在我们这节课结束的时候在这上方查看一下
You can check it out up here at the end of this video
好的 那这个应该怎么读?
OK, what about this one?
有多少次你被要求当着全班同学的面儿大声朗读
How many times have you been asked to read a paragraph out aloud in front of the class
你读的时候看到了这个
And you’ve been reading and then you come across this
然后你想
and you think
我究竟该怎么读呢
How on earth am I going to say that?!
实际上很多英语母语人士也会把这个搞混
Lots of native English speakers actually mess this up as well
他们会这样读:X-cetera
and they’ll pronounce X-cetera
或者X-cetera 并且它应该这样读
or X-cetera and it should be pronounced
‘et cetera’ ‘et cetera’ ‘et cetera’.
‘et cetera’, ‘et cetera’, ‘et cetera’.
或者’et cetera’ 如果你像我一样
or ‘et cetera’, if you’re like me
好 这个非常难 ‘clothes’ ‘clothes’ ‘clothes’
OK,this one is especially difficult! ‘Clothes’, ‘clothes’, clothes
它之所以难
Now the reason why it’s especially difficult
是因为最后的两个辅音
is because of the two final consonant sounds
th the是复数音
the ‘-th’ and the -the plural sound.
这个名词总以复数形式存在
Now this noun is of course, always plural.
衣服指的是裙子 短袖 裤子 毛线上衣 夹克衫
Clothes refers to shirts, shorts, trousers, jumpers, jackets
你穿的所有都是衣服
– anything that you wear is your clothes,
你的衣服 但是clothes clothes
are your clothes! But ‘clothes’, ‘clothes’
不是cloths 不是close 也不是clothes
not ‘cloths’, not ‘close’ and not ‘clothes’ either!
这个单词的发音难点在于
The difficult thing about the pronunciation of this word
两个辅音
is the two consonant sounds.
θ和z在一起
θ and z together
这些音都要发辅音
Both of those sounds are voiced consonant sounds
所以声音发自于
so the sound is made here
你的声带
In your vocal cords.
有一点非常重要并需要记住的是
Now the thing to remember that’s really important
要发“th”的音
is with that ‘-th’ sound
你需要让你的牙齿
you need to bring your teeth
紧靠舌头和牙齿
through your tongue through your teeth!
“th”的音特别轻
Now the ‘th’ sound is very, very soft
他确实存在,他需要
It is definitely still there, it needs
与“close”的音区别开
to sound different from the verb ‘close’
它没有“th”的音
Ok, which doesn’t have the ‘-th’ sound
这个单词有“th”的音 clothes clothes
This word has the ‘-th’ sound, ‘clothes’, ‘clothes’.
这个音很短 但它确实存在
It’s very short but it’s definitely there!
今天我要把衣服打包
I need to pack my clothes tonight
因为早上我们要很早离开
Because we leave early in the morning.
今晚我就要把衣服打包
I need to pack my clothes tonight.
jewellery jewellery jewellery
‘Jewellery’, ‘jewellery’, ‘jewellery’.
同样 这儿有一个多余的元音我们不需要读出来
Again, we’ve got an extra vowel here that we don’t need to pronounce
我们不说’jewellery’ ‘jewellery’
We don’t say ‘jewellery’, jewellery’
而是jewellery
It’s just ‘jewellery’
实际上在美式英语中
and actually in American English
它的拼写与英式英语 澳大利亚英语有细微不同
the spelling is slightly different to the British and the Australian version
美式英语
. And the American version
可以帮我们更正确地发这个音
should help you to pronounce this word more correctly
jewelry jewelry
. ‘Jewelry’, ‘jewelry’,
像黄金 白银 珍珠 钻石
so that’s gold, silver, pearls, diamonds,
耳环 戒指 项链等等 这些
earrings, rings, necklaces – all of these
我们用作饰品的东西
things that we wear to make ourselves
都是所谓的’jewellery’
look more beautiful!
我不常戴首饰 除了
I don’t wear a lot of jewellery myself.
我手上的这个戒指 或者偶尔戴戴耳环
The only jewelers I wear is this ring and sometimes some earrings.
architecture architecture
‘Architecture’, ‘architecture’.
这个单词也经常读错 我听到过
This one is so often mispronounced! I hear
architecture architecture (请注意ch的发音)
‘architecture’, ‘architecture’,
这种读法是错误的 这里的”ch”
– which is incorrect! The ‘-ch’ sound in this word is a
和”cat “的发音是一样的
sound like in ‘cat’.
architecture architect
‘Architecture’, ‘architect’.
architect
‘Architect’.
这里’ch’的发音
It’s not the same ‘-ch’ sound
和’chocolate’
that you hear in words like ‘chocolate’
以及’cheese’的发音不同 事实上
and ‘cheese’, it’s a sound and there are
很多单词中的’ch’组合
quite a few English words that actually
都像这样发音
have this same pronunciation of the ‘-ch’
比如说’stomach’和’ache’
combination – words like ‘stomach’ and ‘ache’.
这些单词中的’Ch’
The ‘-ch’ in all of these words is
都发同样的音
pronounced like a sound.
我的哥哥是个建筑师
My brother is an architect.
他胃疼所以很早就回家了
He went home early because he had a stomach ache.
‘enthusiastic’ 而不是
‘Enthusiastic’, not
(注意发音)但是
‘enthusiastic’ or ‘enthusiastic’, but
你一定要努力正确地记清这个单词!
‘enthusiastic’. You have to work harder to
很多我的学生都说
get this one correct! So many of my
“这个单词太难读准了”
students say “This one is too hard! I’m
“我尽量不会用这个单词的!”
just not going to use this word!” and I
但是我对他们说:“我们要纠正过来
say “NO, we are going to get it right,
一起在这节课上纠正过来!”
right now, together here in this lesson!”
enthusiastic 首先你需要
‘Enthusiastic’. So what you need to do
拆分这个单词
is break down this word. Start with the
从第一个音节开始
first syllable,
你的舌头该放在哪儿?
Where is your
在最后一个辅音的发音中
tongue? What’s it doing on that final
舌头该如何辅助?
consonant sound?
舌头应抵住上颚
It’s at the top of
这样’n’的音就发出来了
your mouth and the ‘n’ sound is made back
这是个鼻音
in the soft palate – it’s a nasal sound
由鼻音转向’th’
and to move to the ‘-th’ sound, you need to
当然 你必须快速将舌头由上颚
of course, bring your tongue down and out
转移到牙齿之间
through your teeth.
舌头得从牙齿中间伸出来
The tongue must come out through the middle of your
否则 发音就是错误的
teeth! If you don’t, you will mispronounce
可能会读成(注意发音)
this word and you’ll say ‘enthusiastic’
你需要说 (注意发音)
or ‘enthusiastic’ instead. You need to say
看到我是怎么做分解示范的了吗?
See how I’m breaking that down for you?
(注意读音)
‘Enthusiastic’, ‘enthusiastic’.
现在 你应该有信心读准
Now you’re going to be enthusiastic
并且使用这个词了吧!
about using that word!
word world
‘Word’, ‘world’.
以及work
and ‘work’.
很有可能你正误读着
Now you’re probably mispronouncing
这几个单词 因为你看到了’or’
these words because you are looking at
所以你觉得’or’的发音
the ‘-or’ and you’re trying to pronounce
和’door ‘一样
the vowel sound ‘or’, like in ‘door’.
但这是不对的 事实上 这里的元音’or’
But this is incorrect, the vowel sound is actually
与’her’的发音一样
as in ‘her’. ‘Work’, ‘world’, ‘word’.
不要被双眼蒙蔽了!
This is your eyes playing tricks on you! Your eyes are
你只看到了这几个单词中的O和R
seeing these words, seeing the letters O
你的第一反应是读’or’
and R and they’re telling you to
但事实上 你应该
pronounce ‘or’ but, in fact, you should be
按照单词
pronouncing
整体去发音!
for all of these words!
(注意发音)
‘Word’. ‘World. ‘Work’.
如果你发的是’or’的音 尤其对于’work’
If you pronounce ‘or’, especially for this last one, ‘work’, it
听起来反而像另一个英语单词
actually sounds a lot like the English
walk
word, ‘walk’.
photograph 也许你
‘Photograph’. Now perhaps you
读对了
can pronounce this word correctly,
那如果所有的系列词
‘photograph’, but what about all of the
一起出现呢?
other words in this word family?
photography photographer photogaraphic
‘Photography’, ‘photographer’, ‘photographic’.
每次我的学生读错这些单词
When my students mispronounce these
通常是因为他们
words, it’s usually because they are
把重音读错了
stressing the wrong syllable. English
多音节单词
words that have more than one syllable
往往有一个重音
always have one strong stressed syllable.
一个单词中可能有好几个次音节
Sometimes there are secondary syllables
但是只有一个主音节
but there is always one main stressed
这个主音节比其他音节读得更重更清晰
syllable that is clearer and stronger
而次音节
than the others and the unstressed
也就是没有重读的音节
syllable – the syllable that’s not
常常被弱化为
stressed – is often reduced down to a
中元音
schwa vowel sound.
中元音在英语当中
Now the schwa sound is the lazier sound
属于惰性发音
in English.
这就是中元音
That’s the schwa sound,
英语中的惰性元音
it’s the laziest vowel sound in English.
而这些重读规律就是
And these stress patterns are exactly
使这些单词读法
what is different about the
不同的原因,所以说
pronunciation of these words, so in the
第一个单词’Photograph’
first example, ‘photograph’, the first
第一个音节是重读音节
syllable is the stressed syllable. You
你们可以很清楚地听到 ‘photograph’
can hear it very clearly, ‘photograph’.
第二个音节
The second syllable is
非重读 被弱化为
unstressed and it is reduced down to the
中元音
schwa sound.
‘photograph’ 它发音很短
‘Photograph’, ‘photograph’, it’s very short,
整体属于惰性 无强烈变换
it’s very lazy, it’s not very strong at all.
现在你们再来看第二个
Now if you look at the second
单词’photography’ 你会
example, ‘photography’, you can hear the
发现发音是不同的
pronunciation is different and that’s
这是因为这里第二个音节
because the second syllable is the
是重读音节
stressed syllable in this word.
‘photography’
‘Photography’.
photography
‘Photography’.
把一二两个音节相对比
Compare it to the first syllable where the schwa
第一个音节直接弱化为中元音了
sound is – it reduces down to the schwa
所以你听到的是(注意发音)
sound and you just hear ‘photography’.
photographer
‘Photographer’.
第三个单词
The third example
‘photographic’ 它的重读
‘photographic’, the stress is on the third
落在第三个音节上 通过这个例子
syllable, so you can hear how much
大家可以看出重读在这个单词的系列词中的重要性了吧!
influence stress has on this word family.
要想将这些单词都读正确
To correctly pronounce all of these
你一定得
words correctly you need to pay
重视重读音节
attention to the stressed syllable
而此法则适用于所有各式各样的系列词
and that’s true for a whole range of
比如说 economic analyze
different word families. ‘Economic’, ‘analyze’,
‘nature’ ‘politics’ 所有这些词与它们
‘nature, ‘politics’, all of these words and
的系列词都受到
their word families are influenced by
重读规律的影响
stress in different ways.
好了 这些就是我总结出来的大家
Well that’s my official list of the words that you are
可能读错的单词 我并不是
probably mispronouncing and I didn’t
只想列出这样一份清单 这些都是
just make that list up, I built that list
我在长期的英语教学过程中总结出来
over years and years of coaching English
帮助我的学生们提高他们的英语
students to improve their English
发音的 这些单词都是
pronunciation. They’re the words that
学生们一而再再而三弄错的
students consistently get wrong! Many
对于各种各样的学生 在许多不同的情况下
different students, many different times,
这些单词都是
they are the ones that are the most
最难读准确的
difficult for you to pronounce.
我希望从这节课中 你真的有所收获
I hope that you enjoyed this lesson, if you did
如果你想订阅该课程 请点击
make sure you subscribe by clicking the
这里的红色按钮 早期我发布了
red button here. I mentioned a video
关于“不发音的字母”的视频课程
about silent letters earlier in this
你可以在此观看
lesson, you can watch it here and you can
也可以即时观看我的模拟课程
also watch my imitation lessons right
以及其他课程 告诉你
here and those lessons are fantastic for
如何通过与英语母语者对话
improving your English pronunciation and
帮助你提高英语发音和表达水平
expression by speaking with a native
感谢大家的观看
English speaker. Thanks for watching and
我们下节课再见
I will see you in the next lesson.
拜拜!
Bye for now!

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  • 2021-08-24LOOK, WATCH or SEE? | 英语词汇和语法(轻柔又令人振奋的音乐)(gentle, uplifting music) (轻柔又令人振奋的音乐)(gentle, uplifting music) 大家好欢迎回到和露西学英语– Hello everyone and welcome back to English with Lucy. 今天我会给你们上一节语法课Today I’ve got a grammar less..

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