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  • 2021-10-30我是怎样找到属于自己的艺术风格的Hey guys! So…嘿大家好! I wanted to do a video about my art style and how it’s evolved.我想做个关于我的艺术风格和它如何演化的视频 If you’re not interested in art videos,如果你对艺术类视频不太感兴趣的话 come back next week!那你就下周再来看我的视频吧! Now if you ‘re not familiar with my work,现在你可能对我的工作并不熟悉 I do paintings and things like that on Instagram.我在ins上面画些画啊之类的东西 And then I also do a webcomic我也画网络漫画 that I publish on Tumblr Tapastic and Line Webtoon.发表在Tumblr Tapastic和Line Webtoon上 So my style kinda seems all over the place.所以我的风格好像挺杂的 Actually I feel a bit insecure about my art style,其实我对自己的艺术风格有点捉摸不定 because it’s really really simple因为它真的真的特别简单 It looks something like this.就像这个样子 And… I can’t imagine what people think when I tell them然后……我就无法想象当我告诉大家 I’m a professional artist or我是专业的画家或者 I’m trying to be a professional artist我正在努力成为一个专业的画家 with drawings that look like this.就画这样的画时人们会怎么想了 But trust me, it wasn’t always like this.但是相信我 我的风格不是一直如此的 jaywalker picturesjaywalker作品 How I Found My Art Style我是如何找到自己的艺术风格的 The usual path for artists is they see something really cool成为画家的通常之路都是他们看见了一些非常酷的东西 and want to draw like that and this然后想去像那样画画 was the case for me throughout high school这就是我高中时候的情况 I liked all the typical boy stuff我喜欢所有典型的男子气概的东西 So I drew Dragon Ball Z Robots and characters所以我画了龙珠z 机器人之类的角色 and there wasn’t much else to it并没有多大意义 Just having fun and drawing what makes you happy只是玩一玩 画些东西娱乐自己 Now my goal at the time was to become a video game artist我当时的志向是成为一个电子游戏画师 so I was around 15当时我大概十五岁 and basically I spent my time juggling school work基本上我把时间花在混混学业 and also improving my art和提高绘画技术上 then I went to university后来我上了大学 since we didn’t have any illustration schools in Sydney由于悉尼没有培训学校 I studied a course called Digital Media我就学习了数字媒体这门课程 which was a generic degree that covered everything from web design to 3D animation.也就是一个通用学位 覆盖了所有从网页设计到3D动画的类型 Now luckily for my final year major project幸运的是我的毕业任务 we were free to choose whatever we wanted to do.是让我们自由创作任何我们想做的东西 So I did a video game concept with a friend所以我和一个朋友做了一个概念电子游戏 and we created this entire world我们创造了这整个游戏世界 So it was amazingly fun and I couldn’t believe那特别有趣 而且我简直不敢相信 that what I was doing every single day was leading当时我每天干的事都是在引导我 me towards getting my degree but despite this the pressures获得学位证明 但是尽管这样 of the real world were creeping up on me现实生活中的压力也在悄悄降临在我的身上 and art became less about having fun艺术用来娱乐的目的就渐渐弱化了 more and more about who could create the most detailed更多地关于谁可以画出最细致的 the most realistic and the most professional looking art.最逼真 最专业的画 Graduation came and thankfully I landed a job as a video game artist毕业后谢天谢地我找到了一份电子游戏画师的工作 But that competitive stress never went away.但是那种竞争压力从未褪去 I would compare myself with other artists.我会把自己和其他画家进行比较 I would be obsessed with improving my technical skills我会对提升自己的技巧着魔 for me art was just about who could draw the coolest thing对于我来说艺术就是谁能画出最酷的东西 I would be dismissive of other forms of art我会看不起其它形式的艺术 like modern art or minimal design比如说现代画或者微设计 because they were “easy”因为那些特别“简单” You know that feeling when you go to an art gallery你应该懂那种当你走进画廊 and you think: I could do that that’s easy!然后想着“我也能画成这样啊!多简单!”的感觉 Well yeah, I was that guy嗯是的 我就是那种人 Art was about more realism,我认为艺术应该是更逼真 more detail, more impressive displays of skill更细致 展现更高超的绘画技巧 I compared myself with others in a never ending battle to be better.我把自己与其他人比较 为了变得更强而展开一场永无休止的战争 but there always was someone better但是人外有人 天外有天 and combined with the studio closing down再加上我当时的工作室倒闭了 I started to feel burnt out我开始觉得心力交瘁 and then I stopped drawing之后我就不再画画了 In the months after the studio closed I applied for jobs工作室倒闭后的几个月我应聘了几份工作 and I even got a job somewhere in Melbourne我甚至被一个在墨尔本某处的工作录用了 that I turned down.但是我拒绝了 Because ultimately I felt lost.因为最终我还是感觉很迷茫 Eventually I went back to school.最后我回到了学校 I got a job.找了份工作 I travelled and I didn’t really draw much.我去旅行 并没有画太多画 It was nice那感觉很棒 And even though I wasn’t drawing, unknowingly I was growing.即使我没有画画 我也在不知不觉中成长 Do you remember this scene from Harold and Kumar?你还记得这个在《寻堡奇遇》中的场景吗? I don’t know what it was.我不知道这是什么 maybe it was because John Cho is my hero可能是因为John Cho是我的偶像 maybe it was because Maria is the second most beautiful girl I’ve ever seen.可能是因为Maria是我见到过的第二漂亮的姑娘 Or maybe it was because I was a shy Twenty-something year old asian guy也可能是因为那时我是个亚洲的二十来岁的毛头小子 that didn’t have a girlfriend.并且还是单身狗一枚 Anyway it inspired me to draw this image.不管怎么说它激发了我画出这幅画的兴趣 It was a weird departure from anything I’d drawn before.很奇怪 我会画出这样一幅与我之前的风格大相径庭的画 No more superheroes. No more video game art. This was about people.没有超级英雄 没有电子游戏 这是关于人的 So Maria what’s been going on?Maria 最近过得怎么样? Oh I actually had a very long week at work. How about you?哦其实我这一周一直在工作 你呢? Work was good. I caught up on some sleep工作挺好的 我补了补觉 Plus the guy who works next to me而且坐我旁边的那哥们 decided to bathe for a change. -Really?决定要“洗”心革面了 -真的吗? I posted it on my Tumblr and it went crazy.我把它发布在我的Tumblr上 然后它就火了 300 likes overnight.一夜之间300个赞 Now that’s not a lot but for a guy getting 5-10 likes,虽然并不是很多 但是对于一个平常只有五到十个赞的人来说 this was huge.这已经巨多了 See I would post these detailed drawings of robots or armoured dudes看我之前会发这些特别细致的机器人或者穿着铠甲的人物的画 that I thought was technically superior and just like amazing我觉得这些画技术出众而且简直棒呆了 but I would get zero likes.但是我得不到任何赞 While this simple cute drawing had struck a chord这张简单可爱的画触动了我的心弦 and it was a turning point for me.而且这是我的一个转折点 So what are you up to tonight?那你今天晚上打算干些什么? Actually I’m just going to be sitting on my ass实际上我就打算瘫在家里 probably eat a whole pint of Haagen-Daz while I watch blind date.可能一边吃着一整品脱的哈根达斯一边看《非诚勿扰》 Well, that sounds…that sounds awful!呃……那听起来……听起来糟透了! Well listen. If you want some company maybe you can听着 如果你需要陪伴的话你可以 come over and sit on your ass at my place.过我这儿来然后瘫在我家 That sounds nice.听起来不错 It was the first time I realized that那是我第一次意识到 art is not always about the coolest looking thing or the most realistic.艺术不是总是关于有最酷外表的东西或者是最逼真的 Art can be evaluated in a number of ways.艺术可以从很多方面去评估 sometimes the best art is “simple”有时候最棒的艺术就是“简单” sometimes it redefines a culture有时候它会重新定义一种文化 other times the best art is something that tells a story and moves people还有些时候最棒的艺术就是讲述了一个令人感动的故事 and ironically after years of considering myself an artist讽刺的是在多年自认为是个艺术家的我 this was the first time I was actually making art这才第一次真正的创造出了艺术 Nowadays I draw comics to amuse myself现在我会画一些漫画来娱乐自己 I paint moments in time that are important to me画一些人生中对我来说很重要的时刻 about the themes that are important to me.或者一些对我很重要的场景 daily life日常生活 love爱情 authenticity本真 awkwardness尴尬时刻 and seeing comments and likes is far more satisfying而且看评论和赞比 than drawing another robot character with big guns.画拿着大枪的机器人要满足多了 though that can be fun too虽然那也很好玩 And my advice for those trying to find their art style?我对想要找到他们的艺术风格的人的建议? Focus on fundamentals.关注根本 Live a full life.过充实的人生 Express yourself.表达自己 And any time you feel lost with your art,任何时候你对自己的艺术感到迷茫 Always come back to two questions:一定要回到两个问题: Who am I?我是谁? and who do I aspire to be?我立志成为什么? Or just watch Harold and Kumar go to White Castle.或者就看看《寻堡奇遇》吧 [Music playing][音乐播放中] Hey guys! So I hope you like this video嘿朋友们!希望你们喜欢这个视频 I know it got a little bit arty farty.我知道这个视频有些附庸风雅 but I just really want to make videos that I’m really passionate about但是我真的很想做一些关于我所热爱的视频 and hopefully you’ll enjoy it as well.真心希望你们也能喜欢它 Anyway if you enjoyed the video不管怎么说如果你喜欢这个视频 please leave a like below and comment就在下面点个赞或者留下你的评论吧 And if you’re new here as usual please subscribe.如果你新来的 同往常一样 请关注我 And I’ll see you guys in the next video.下次视频再见了! Bye.拜拜!
  • 2021-10-303种方法教你徒手画出完美的圆大家好 欢迎再次来到周二的指导课堂Hello my friends and welcometo another Tuesday of tutorial! 我是Leonardo Pereznieto 今天I am Leonardo Pereznieto and today 我将向您展示三种画出完美的I will show you tree ways 圆的方法to draw a perfect circle. 其实 其中两种方法有技巧可寻 但是它们非常有效Actually, two of them are hacksbut they are very effective. 第三个方法And the third one it is 是真正有艺术技巧的a true artistic technique to draw 徒手画出一个圆a circle free hand. 这是第一个技巧:如果你想要一个小圆This is the first trick:If you want a small circle, 把中指放在笔尖那里place your middle finger by the lead, and then firmly on the paper. 然后平稳地转动纸张Then smoothly turn the paper around. 它就会以你的手指为轴转动It will be turning around your fingerwhich is the axis. 然后非常平稳地握住你的And hold your hand and the pencil 手和笔尖very still. 我们就得到了一个小圆And we have a small circle. 如果你想要一个大一点的圆 用两个手指 像这样If you want a slighter bigger circle, use too fingers, like this. 很好!Good! 想要再大一点的 用三个手指For a still larger one, use tree fingers, 把小指放下[大笑]and place the pinky down [laughter]. 像这样……很好!Like so… Good! 想要画一个更大的圆 要用到腕部的骨头And for a bigger one, use this bone of the wrist. 把它放在纸上固定住但是不要太用力Put it down firmly,but not with a lot of pressure 否则就很难转动纸张了because otherwise it is hardto turn the paper. 整个手和腕部固定住 不要动The whole hand and the wristare locked, not moving, 用一个恒定的力握住笔And apply a constant pressurewith the pencil. 好了[哈哈]Taraaaan [laughter]. 我们再画一次 这次用一支马克笔Let´s do this again, butthis time using a fine marker. 我们把手放平稳 以腕部为支撑We place the hand very firmly,standing on the bone. 下笔之后我开始转动纸张And I begin moving the paperbefore putting the tip down, 这样画出来的圆线条平滑 没有任何瑕疵so that it smooth and I don´t geta mark. 好啦There you go! 我们用两支铅笔再来画一下这个Let´s do another version of this,with two pencils. 它们大小不同They can be of different sizes. 我们把笔尖放置水平We arrange the tips so they are level, 把一支固定在纸上place one firmly on the paper, 用另一支笔画and draw with the other one. 非常精准!This is very precise! 好了我们可以用这些技巧Ok, these tricks can be very useful, 但是现在去看看真正的艺术画法吧but now let´s go to a real artistic technique. 我们握住铅笔使它与纸面保持垂直We hold the pencil more perpendicular to the paper than usual, 然后流畅地and smoothly 开始画圆start making circles. 整个胳膊跟着转动Move the whole arm fromthe shoulder. 很好!Good! 现在如果你想要一个圆 你可以挑选出一条线And now if you want to, you can go over a single line, 用这种方法in this fashion. 我旋转纸张以保持这个位置 因为I rotate the paperto keep this position, because 这个方向 圆的另一边比较难画the other side of the circleis more complicated. 这边更自然This side is more natural; 如果你用左手 当然你得if you are left-handed, it would be 用与之相反的方向来画the opposite, of course. 非常好!Very good! 好了!Ok! 我们再来画一个Let´s do one more. 握住铅笔使它垂直于纸面Hold the pencil perpendicularto the paper… 在不接触纸张的情况下and I usually make a coupleof circle movements without 我通常会先比划着画一下touching the paper. 然后我开始轻轻地以平缓的速度描出来Then I start lightlyand at even pace. 记住 实际上所有的动作都是由Remember, practically allthe movement will come from 你的肩膀来完成的 整个胳膊 还有肘部只动一点点your shoulder, and whole arm,and the elbow will move just a little bit. 我画了这么多线一定有一条是正确的[哈哈]I made so many lines thatone must be correct! [laughter]. 所以我们反复描一下So we go over it. 你想得到什么样的圆 然后你反复去描就可以了Visualize the circle you wantto make, and go over it. 像这样Like so. 你可以让它成为你需要的You could leave it like thatdepending on what do you 或者你想让它成为的样子need it for, or how you want itto look… 或者你也可以擦掉它or you can clean it up. 在这个图形里擦掉所有不该有的线条In this case erase all the linesthat shouldn´t be there 包括里面和外面多余的线both outside and inside the circle. 好了!All right! 我们得到了一个圆!We have a circle! 这当然需要一些练习This of course requires some practice. 这有一个好的方法 你可以练习着做一下One good exercise that you can do, 就是用一个实物 然后按照它的轨迹描绘一个圆is to trace a circle, using an object, 用一支彩笔 然后用你的铅笔重复地去描那个线with a marker, and then go over the line with your pencil. 一遍一遍地去描绘Over and over and over and over. 我重复描绘的时候通常不会碰到纸I usually go over it without touching the paper, 在描了两三次的时候for two or three circles 一旦我感觉我对这个圆and once I feel I have the hang 有点感觉 我就会开始施加一点点压力of it more or less, then I start pressing lightly. 对于不同大小的圆用这种方法Do this with circles of different sizes 你就会很擅长这件事了and you will become profession at it. 如果你喜欢它 可以收藏或点赞哦If you enjoyed it pleas give it aLIKE! 把它分享给你的朋友们share it to your friends 订阅Fine Art-Tips和Patreonand subscribe to Fine Art-Tipsand to Patreon. 你知道哪里可以找到我 链接在下面You know where to follow me,the links are below. 周二见哦!And I will see youon Tuesday!
  • 2021-10-30如何用水彩画樱花树大家好 欢迎来到每周二的教程时间Hello my friends and welcometo another Tuesday of tutorial. 我是莱昂纳多I am Leonardo Pereznieto and today, 今天我教大家一个非常流行的东西by popular demand, we are going 画一棵樱花树首先to paint a cherry tree. 我们先调好需要的颜色红色We begin by preparing our tones. 紫色With red, purples, orange and white. 橙色和白色随便找个东西 用画笔轻轻敲击Then with the brush,lightly tap on a solid object 然后水彩就会散布在纸面上to splatter paint. First, 我建议你们先在废报纸或者其他不要的东西上先试试practice on newspaperor other surfaces that you can waste. 到你觉得已经掌握了技巧的时候Until you feel you gotthe hang of it and you 再到画纸上操作can control it. 像这样做出树冠的形状In this way create the shape of the foliage of the tree. 我现在用浅色做一些光影效果Now I´m using a lighter tone to create a light and shadow effect. 别弄的太规则Don´t try to get a uniformsurface, as the flowers usually 因为花都是随机分布的happen in clusters. 现在用更加浅的粉红很好!Now we use an even lighter pink. Good! 哈哈哈This is so fun! 如果你想让画面不要这么混乱If you wish to keepyour piece of paper cleaner 那就像这样 用一张中间剪开的纸than what I am doingright now, you may use 盖在上面masks of different sizesand shapes like this one, 这样你就可以控制在哪喷墨了in this way, you willbe able to control where 我建议你不停的移动这张打孔纸the paint lands… But Irecommend that you continue 这样就不会to move the mask, 弄出不自然的形状so that you don´t get an unreal line 注意水彩没干的时候不要把打孔纸放上去and don´t place the mask on wet paint, wait for it to dry. 我用的是水彩不过你们可以套用这方法I´m using watercolorbut you can employ this 到别的颜料上technique for differenttypes of paints. 然后保护你的画纸And make sure to protectyour working area 不要被不必要的墨迹污染了against unwanted splashes. [laughs] 哈哈哈作画的材料请看视频下方的资料现在The list of materials is inthe information below the video. 再来点更淡的墨滴And now, some lighter drops. 我很喜欢这样做出树的形状好!I love it how you can build the shape, in this way. Good! 该画树干了It is time to paintthe trunk. 利用不同色调的颜料 可以画底部树干With brown of different tones,we can paint the lower part, 和下面的泥土as well as a base. 还有树枝And the branches. 我们在空白处We do these, specially onthe blank spaces, where 以及没有花朵的地方画树枝there are no flowers. 这次我们画的是In this case we are doing the flowers 樱花of a cherry tree, 不过你可以用同样的方法but you may use the sametechnique for the leaves 画其他树的树叶of another tree. 用一支细一些的笔我们画些新树枝快好了With a finer brushwe do the thin branches 我们再稍微着色很好!toward the ends. And givesome shading to the trunk. Good! 树干Now, so that thetrunk and the branches 树枝为了更自然些 我们再弄点儿浅色的墨滴look more natural, we do some light drops, on top of them. 就像这样Like this, not too much. 不要太多这会让它更生动This makes it look more lively and real. 太棒了!Excellent! 如果你喜欢的话请帮我点个赞If you enjoyed it, please give it a LIKE, 欢迎分享这视频给你的朋友并订阅share it to your friendsand subscribe to Fine Art-Tips, 下周二再见:)and I will see you on Tuesday:) 字幕:SHIROSubtitled by Grethel Trejo
  • 2021-10-30如何用水彩画海景你好,朋友们,欢迎来到又一个指导周二Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of tutorial! 我是Leonardo Pereznieto,今天我们将要画一个水晶蜗牛I am Leonardo Pereznieto and today we will paint a waterscape 一张水景水彩画in watercolor. 我们用一个直尺首先用铅笔标注一条水平线We begin by marking a horizon line with pencil, using a square. 很好!Very good! 我把它放在第三个左右I placed it on the upper third more or less. 现在我们来到上面的部分Now we get that upper part 等等wet. 我们画得靠近水平线And we paint close to the horizon line 靠近地平线去画with yellow ocher. 就像这样Like so. 然后在它上面 画点微红色然后接下来是一些蓝色Then above it, a reddish color and then a blue. 在上半部分 它将是一种较暗的蓝色 而靠近红色的地方It will be a darker blue on the upper part, and a lighter blue 是一种浅蓝色close to the red. 当颜料和纸张湿润时While the paint and the paper are wet, 我可以用一张薄纸轻轻地涂擦来画些云和太阳I can make some clouds and the Sun by dabbing a tissue paper. 好的!All right! 当它没干的时候 如果我想加 我可以再加些And while it is wet I can add more if I want to. 那么现在 在地平线以下And now, below the horizon line 我涂相似的颜色I apply similar colors 它将在水上反射出来that will be reflecting on the water. 但是这次是在干的画纸上But this time on a dry paper 用刷子蘸少量水并用刷子压着纸面with little water on the brush and using the brush almost flat, 几乎平直平行地去刷画纸almost parallel to the surface. 这样我就会产生这种不会涂得到处都是So that I can produce this effects of not getting the paint everywhere 除了留下些小黑点的影响but leaving blank, little spots. 当然 我想这可以在水面上产生明亮的反光错觉I want this of course, to give the illusion of light reflections on the water. Ok 好的!Ok, good! 我喜欢这个色调I like the tone. 现在 我再次打湿画纸Now, I get the paper wet again 这次全部打湿all of it this time. 顺便说一句 如果我需要让色彩更柔和些And by the way, I can lightly scrub some of the edges 我会让下方的色块少些棱角of the paint if I need to smooth it out a little. 像这儿在我的太阳的边缘 我用了一把更硬些的刷子清理Like here on the edges of my Sun which I clean up with a harder brush. 我想在地平线的上面和下面I want more orangy yellow close to the horizon, both above 再画些橙黄色线条and below it. 我再添几笔 让云看起来柔和些 并在顶上And I also soften the clouds a little and add some darkness 添些阴影on top of it. 而在离那很远处 地平线的水面上 我画了条更黑的线And far over there, on the horizon above the water, I draw a darker line 表示这是山脉……indicating some mountains… ……遥远的山脉…far away mountains. 好的!All right! 好!Good! 再让我们来画些倒影吧And let´s also paint the reflection. 现在 为了让在远处的景看起来更逼真Now in order to have all of this look like, it is at the distance 我感觉我们需要一些近距离的景物来衬托它 所以我们……就画在画的角落吧……I feel we need a close-by-plane so we draw……just the corner…… 我用一种微褐色的深绿色颜料画of a hill, for which I´m using a dark green slightly brownish color. 从中生长出一些植物And growing from it, let´s paint some trees and plants. 这里也用深黑色!This also will be very dark! 我可能不得不要再次润色下它们了I may have to go over them again. 一些树枝……Some branches… 像这样……like so… 一些长在地上的草Some grass from the ground 和更多伸向不同方向的树枝and more branches in different directions. 有些长在这里 甚至向下长Some here, even going down. 我不想让这些树了无生机 所以我们画些树叶I don´t want this trees to be totally dry, and therefore we paint some leaves. 有些在这里 而有些在另一边Some over here, and some to this other side. 好的!Good! 还有另一根树枝And another branch. 而且在这右边 让我们再多画些树枝And here to the right, let´s add some more branches. 最后我们可以再次强化一下阴影 就画我们And lastly we can reinforce and add shading, to the once 之前画过的那种we have. 像这样!Like this! 非常好!Very good! 让我们画些鸟使这幅画更生动吧!Let´s add some birds to give it more life! 最后画龙点睛 搞定!Some final touches and it´s ready! 如果你喜爱它 请点个赞!把它分享If you enjoyed it, please give it a LIKE! share it 给你的朋友并订阅艺术技巧to your friends and subscribe to Fine Art-Tips. 周二再见And I will see you on Tuesday
  • 2021-10-26飞行BLOB //翻转动画书的5个技巧《安迪动画》 大家好 今天想教大家几个翻动画书的窍门 也会展示这本还没有人见过的书 有些人向我询问翻书窍门 怎样使动画书翻得更顺畅点 所以我会展示一下我用的几个翻书技巧 翻动画书时 我想刚开始凭直觉的话 会大拇指这样转起来翻 到最后 跳页的情况很严重 我的诀窍是 一直用拇指尖翻页 控制得最好 我小时候就自然而然地这样翻书了 效果一直都不错 我只需稍稍转动拇指 需要时慢慢往后移 你练习的时候 即使拇指一边转动 一边往后移 也能保持匀速翻页 只要能把拇指留在书边 这个技巧就能让你更有效的控制纸张 有些人发现 只要让拇指从边上滑过去就能翻得顺畅 有时我做得到 有时不太管用 往往跳页更严重 当我这样移动拇指翻页时 控制得更好 翻书时另一件可能出的事是 起初一切看着蛮顺畅的 到了结尾才开始跳页 对吧? 要想解决这个问题 有几个办法 一是在最后加很多空页 你会发现这个办法很有用 你也可以延长人物最后一个姿势 在结尾几页上重复 这样 翻到结尾时 有几页的人物或者其他的东西保持着一样的姿势 所以到最后 跳过几页也没事 还有件需考虑的事是纸张的厚度 我很喜欢偏厚的纸 我用的 我的动画书工具盒里都是这种厚纸 我喜欢厚纸的另一个原因是 这样纸翻得更快 纸能从这到那儿 呼一下得很快翻过去 也使整个动画书看着更整洁 刚刚几乎看不到纸动 相反 如果用薄纸 比如小薄页笔记本 不能像厚纸那样很容易的弹过来 所以我更喜欢用厚纸 显然 另一个帮助翻页的办法是 在把螺丝放进去 拧紧之前 一定要把纸张弄得非常整齐 纸张放的越整齐 翻动时越不容易跳页 最后一点 这本是很久以前做的 我决定今天画完 就是本很傻的小书 但是…… 再来一次 当初没画完的原因是 在这个地方 就这 我心想 这看着就像坨飞着的大便 就算了 不想画完了 可今天心想 这还是能勉强救一下 我可以画它伸赖翅膀的样子 然后 有点像弹上去的感觉 我看差不多算是补救成功了 虽然现在看起来 更像飞起来的小肉丸 不管了 今天就这样了 就是想给大家些翻书窍门 希望你在做动画书时 这些能派上点用场 我有几个视频在录制中 其中一个是参观我的工作室 很多人注意到 上个视频中我在新工作室里 我很高兴能给大家全面介绍 四处看看 在下方留下你的评论和问题 保持创意 这个视频结束了
  • 2021-10-26人体绘画中必学的解剖学术语单词Word. 菠萝绘画Proko 解剖学用语The Language of Anatomy 摘录an Excerpt 我有些担心你会跳过基础I’m kinda worried that you want to get 直接上肉past these basics and into the meat of it all. 嘿嘿Hehe, “肉”是字面意思哦literally the meat. 但是在你跳到肌肉部分之前But before you jump ahead to muscles, 请稍等片刻just hang on, 请放松你的括约肌relax your basic sphincters, 我们来花些时间学习几个术语and take a little time to learn some terms. 回头你会庆幸自己这个决定的You’ll be glad later. 你的括约肌也没有异议Your sphincters will be fine, 等我们学习肌肉部分时and when we get to muscles, 它们就很容易乐在其中了they’ll be easy and fun. 咱们先从弄清词意开始吧Let’s begin by making sure we understand the words. 否则后面的内容就会像天书似的You’ll get lost if you don’t know them. 首先 你得先记一下At first, you may have to think for a moment “anterior”的意思是“前”to remember which means front “posterior”的意思是“后”and which means back. 当你可以快速分辨这两个词时But when you can do it this fast, 你就将它们铭记于心了you have it forever. 如果你需要快速的提示If you need a quick reminder, 我做了一张解剖学术语的表I’ve created a list of anatomy terms 请登录“proko.com/anatomy-terms”查看at proko.com/anatomy-terms. 如果你学会这些解剖学用语If you know the language of anatomy, 你就能弄清那些长的拉丁文名称是什么意思了you’ll be able to figure out those long latin names. 你就不会一脸懵逼:You won’t have to say, “斯坦到底在说什么鬼啊?”“What the heck is Stan talking about?” 方位术语Terms of Location Anterior(前)Anterior 近身体前面者为前describes something that is toward the front of the body. 相对地Alternatively, “posterior”(后) 近身体背面者为后posterior describes something that is toward the back of the body. “posterior”也指“手背”It also refers to the back of the hand, 还有“脚面”and top of the foot. “Medial”(内侧)Medial is something located 近正中线者为内侧toward the middle of the body 或者说远离外侧的部位or away from the side. 它的反义词是“Lateral”(外侧)The opposite is Lateral. 指身体两侧的部位Something that is toward the side of the body 或者远离正中线的部位or away from the middle. “Superior”(上) 近头/上者为上Superior is toward the top or above. “Inferior”(下) 近足/下者为下And Inferior is toward the bottom, below. “Distal”(远侧) 多用于四肢Distal refers mainly to the limbs 远离躯干者and describes something away 为远侧from the center of the body. 相对地Alternatively, “Proximal”(近侧) 近躯干者为近侧Proximal is something closerto the center of the body. 当我说到“deep”(深)时When I say that something is deep, 我是说从表面看不见这个部位I mean that it is not visible on the surface. 这个部位覆盖着其它“volumes”(容积)It’s covered with other volumes. 但是However, “superficial”(浅) 意思是从表面可见superficial means it is visible on the surface. 同样地“subcutaneous”(皮下)And similarly, subcutaneous 意思是“皮肤之下”means just below the skin. 比如说“bony landmarks”(骨性标志)Like the bony landmarks. 谢谢小骷髅的演示Thanks Skelly! 完整视频请观看“解剖学用语”For the full video on the Language of Anatomy, 访问“proko.com/anatomy”即可head on over to proko.com/anatomy. 这里有更多视频The premium version shows an explanation 向你解释更多术语of more terms 还提供PDF格式的下载and has a downloadable PDF that 这样你就能打印出来啦you can print out. 网址是“proko.com/anatomy”proko.com/anatomy. 如果你喜欢本视频If you like this video, 请把它分享给你的朋友和同学pass it on to your friends and classmates, 别忘了点击“订阅”按钮and click this button here to 订阅proko newsletterto subscribe to the proko newsletter 这样你就不会错过任何新视频啦so you don’t miss any new videos. 拜拜Bye bye.
  • 2021-10-26这位艺术家将传统沙画变成了街头艺术Each speck of sand that falls 从这只手中掉落的 from the grasp of this hand每一粒沙 is a carefully calculated movement.都是经过精心设计的 When Joe Mangrum isn’t creating pieces当乔·曼鲁姆不在 in galleries or in his studio,他的画廊或工作室创作时 he spends a lot of his time in Washington Square Park他会在纽约的华盛顿广场公园 in New York City.长时间工作 There, he competes with Mother Nature在那他克服不利的自然条件 and spends a painstaking six to eight hours on his knees,跪在地上勤勤恳恳地作画6-8小时 squeezing and letting go of just the right amount of sand挤出适当量的沙粒 at just the right speed以适宜的速度移动着手 to create vibrant pieces of art he calls sand paintings.创作出栩栩如生的画作 乔称之为沙画 Sand painting is exactly what it sounds like.沙画 正如其名 It’s the art of pouring colored sand onto a surface就是将彩色沙粒撒在平面上 to create a design.从而进行创作的一种艺术 Early versions of this can be traced to Native Americans早期沙画形式可以追溯到 in the Pueblo and Navajo tribes.普韦布洛和纳瓦霍部落的印第安人 Joe’s designs pull from different significant shapes乔的创作取材自全世界 and symbols from around the world.各种意义丰富的图形和符号 His work might remind people of something familiar:他的作品的元素会让人们感到熟悉: mandalas, which are spiritual or ritualistic比如曼荼罗 很多宗教都有这个几何图案 geometric patterns that are symbolic in many religions.它具有精神的或宗教仪式的象征意义 But Joe’s work isn’t religious or ceremonial.但乔的作品并不带有宗教或仪式上的意义 Joe Mangrum: I don’t use the term mandala specifically,我并不会确切地说我画的是曼荼罗 because I feel it puts people in a more因为我觉得这样说会把人们带入 Eastern philosophy box.东方哲学的世界 And I’m really incorporating但我希望的是吸纳 different cultures around the world.全世界各种各样的文化 From Africa, there’s vévé in Africa,比如非洲伏都教的文化 and Celtic knots and Chinese knots,又比如凯尔特纹饰和中国结等等 and different inspirations as well as给我灵感的图案 science and nature and biology.也有科学 自然和生物的灵感 Narrator: So, how exactly does this所以这种精心创作的 painstaking artwork come together?艺术作品究竟是怎样出炉的? And why do it in a park?又为何在公园画呢? The most important factor for Joe in deciding乔能够能去华盛顿广场公园作画 if he’ll make the trek to Washington Square Park的最关键一点 isn’t the temperature,和温度无关 but the wind.而是风的因素 Joe: If the wind gets up to 15 mph or so,如果风的时速达到了15英里 it’s dust.沙画就变成尘雾了 Narrator: When the wind isn’t ideal for creating his pieces,当风的条件不适合在外创作时 he’ll work in his studio.他就会在工作室里作画 These are more intricate, precise, and permanent,工作室里的画更精细 能保存更久 so that people can enjoy them所以人们还是可以赏画 even if they’re not in the park.就算他不在公园作画 But if the wind conditions are good,但如果风的条件不错 Joe will carry about 25 pounds of colored sand乔就会带上25磅重的彩色沙粒 to the park to create his work.去公园进行他的创作 In a good week, he could use up to a quarter ton of sand.条件好的话 他一周能用掉250千克沙 Joe: My hand technique is really just taking the sand,我手部的技巧就是抓住沙 gripping a handful, and letting it just flow抓一把 让沙粒 through this little part of my hand,从我握拳的缝隙中流下去 and I adjust my pinky so I just let it flow.流的过程我会调整我的小拇指 Narrator: That part seems pretty simple,这一部分听起来很简单 but mixing it with more specific and intricate detail work,但除此之外还要做更加细微的动作 like shading and smaller shapes,比如描影 绘制小图案 means Joe must have complete control of his hand muscles.意味着乔需要有较强的手部肌肉控制能力 Joe: I can do quick lines and stop it我只要通过用手挤压 just by squeezing my hand together,就可以快速地绘制和停顿 and then kind of redefine them还可以上上下下来回绘制 by going over, back and forth.来稍微调整线条 Narrator: Knowing how much sand to release知道一次挤多少沙粒 and how quickly or slowly to do it知道以怎样的速度移动手 is crucial for Joe to execute his vision.这些对乔的创作非常关键 And it’s a process that has taken这一切花费了 over 10 years of practice.他十余年去练习 Joe: So, if you get really close to the ground,如果你贴的离地面很近 you can make thin lines.就能作出细线 And then you maybe widen the flow with your pinky,你也可以调整小拇指 让画线更粗 and you can go upward and it flows.然后把手抬高点继续画 So it’s essentially like a graffiti spray can,所以它基本上像一罐涂鸦喷雾 only it’s gravity fed.只不过是靠重力“喷”的 So the further you get back, the wider the spray.所以手抬的越高 画线越粗 Narrator: So creating designs as intricate as these所以制作如此精美的沙画 should require hours of planning, right?是不是需要提前做很久的规划呢? Well, in reality, none of it is planned at all.其实在现实中 完全不需要 All of the shapes and colors are chosen所有的形状和色彩 and created freehand in the park.都是画家在公园中即兴创作的 Then, when he’s done,完成后 he’ll spend five to six more hours他会用上五六个小时甚至更多时间 talking to people who stop by to take a look.和驻足欣赏的游客交谈 Joe: The favorite part about what I do在这过程中我最喜欢的地方 is really just engaging people.就是吸引人们 It’s just fun.很有意思 It’s like you’re playing with the world around you.与你周围的世界互动 It’s really a way to bring smiles to people’s faces这的确能让人们脸上绽开笑颜 and have fun doing it,玩的开心 and still, you know, make a living.当然 也是一种谋生的手段 I was really good at that Operation game when I was a kid.我从小就十分擅长运营类的游戏
  • 2021-10-26如何画猫头鹰嗨 这里是儿童艺术中心 我是罗伯Hey, this is Robin and Artforkidshub.com. 这是我的小搭档And I got my cool awesome kid with me. – 我叫查克斯!- 查克斯!Chuckers! Chuckers! 今天怎么样?How is going on this? 挺好Good. 那我们今天要画什么呢?Well what we gonna draw today? 嗯……今天要画一只漂亮的猫头鹰Ah, we gonna draw an awesome owl. 漂亮的猫头鹰An awesome owl. 现在是秋天了 对吧Well it’s fall. Isn’t it? – 万圣节快到了吧-嗯– We get ready for Halloween.- Yeah. 很期待吧?打算装扮成什么?– You’re excited? What are you gonna dress up as? 一个……满脸都是血的鬼– Yeah, a ghost with black come down on face. – 真的- 听起来好可怕– I’m serious.- That sounds scary. 你告诉观众,我真的有这套装扮哦– Tell them that I really do have that custom. 我知道 是你去年穿的那件外套吧– I know, it’s, it’s a weight coat you had it last year, uh? 不过可能不会吓到别人吧 毕竟……Em, they might not scared of it because they’re in… 他们可能之前已经见过了?They’ve probably seen it before? 我们把你的装扮发到油管上We’ll have to show, we’ll have to show kids on YouTube, 给别的孩子看吧what your costume is going to be huh. 肯定很好玩That would be fun. 今天 我们要画猫头鹰Well we’re doing an owl, 一位朋友建议我们今天画猫头鹰one of our, one of our cool friends requested that we do an owl 既然快到万圣节了 画猫头鹰and we thought it would be a lot of fun for Halloween 应该挺好玩and for the fall. 所以 准备好画笔了吗?So you ready got your marker? 好了Yeah. 那就开始吧 首先准备一张这样大小的纸Okay we’re gonna draw our owl we’re gonna have the paper like this. 我们要先画猫头鹰的脚And, and we’re gonna start with drawing his feet. 虽然一般都是先画头Usually we start with drawing heads huh. 但这次我们要先画脚We’re gonna start this one by drawing his feet. 先画两个WSo we’re gonna start with two “W”s. 两个形状比较奇怪的Wand they’re kind of funny shape “W”s. 就像这样画And we’re just drawing like that. 一个是像这样弯曲的WThere’s one and it’s kind of curved and then 另一个弯向另一边the other one’s gonna be curved the other way. 两个W要画在纸的中下方You draw him low on the paper and kind of in the center 在顶部画两根短曲线and then draw a curved line on top, 底部也画两根短曲线and a curved line on bottom, 这样爪子就画成了 接下来then these are his talons and then we’re gonna draw 我们要画它站在树枝上的样子so like he’s hanging on to a branch ……画几条线穿过它的爪子in a tree we’re just gonna draw 就成了它抓着的树枝line that comes through it’s hanging on to. 非常棒 看起来像不像两个爪子Very cool. Does that look like two talons, like two talons hanging on? 正抓着树枝?like two talons hanging on? 好 现在来画身体 需要一整张纸Okay let’s try his body and this is gonna take up the whole paper, 所以从这里开始画so we’re gonna start up here 我们要画一个这样and we’re gonna draw a kind of round. 半圆形的曲线It’s gonna be a curved line like that, 然后接着画下来and it comes down. 画到一个顶点We’re gonna come down to a point. 画得不错 然后接着画下来Good. So come so continue down here, 因为这里用了重叠的画法and we’re using overlapping, so we got, 所以我们先画爪子we drew his feet first, 因为爪子离我们最近so they’re the thing that’s closest to us. 然后再画它抓着的树枝Then we drew this the branch he’s hanging on to, 最后画它的身体and now we’re drawing the owl’s body, 因为身体离我们最远and that’s the furthest thing back from its behind, 我们在这边也画一条曲线so we’re gonna draw now a curved line on this side, 再接着往下画到一个交点and come down to a point. 非常棒Perfect! 画得很好Good job! 很不错 对了 猫头鹰有角吗?Good job Chuckers. Okay, do owls have horns? 好像有吧?Uh, kind of. 看起来像角 但真的是角吗?Yeah it looks like that they have horns but are they real horns? 还是什么?Er, what is it? 是耳朵吧?They’re just their ears? 我觉得是它的羽毛 只是……I think it’s their feathers, they just make, 它的耳朵大概在这个位置Yeah it’s, their ears are probably in there somewhere 但是耳朵上的羽毛看起来像角but their feathers make them look like they have horns 所以 我们在这里画两根向下的曲线so we’re just gonna draw two curved lines that come down, 再画一条曲线把它们连起来and then a curved line that connects them. 看起来像只猫It’s kind of like a cattle. – 对,像猫耳朵- 因为猫的……– Yeah, it looks like cattle’s ears.- Cause their, cattle have… – 猫的耳朵是尖的?- 嗯……这根线画偏了– Pointed ears?- Ah it came down there. 啊 没关系Oh, that’s no, that’s fine, okay. 现在我们画一个V形Now we’re going to, we’re gonna draw a “V” 一个弯曲的V 这是它的眉毛a curved “V” and this is gonna be his eyebrows, 和它的喙and his beak. 会不会画这个?Can you do that? – 嗯 会- 有点难……往下弯 然后再回去– Em-huh.- And tricky down light up. 好棒!画好啦!Awesome! You did it! 好 那猫头鹰的眼睛是小还是大呢?Okay, do owls have small eyes or big eyes? 嗯……大!Emm, big! 非常大Super big eyes, okay. 好 那我们在这里画两个大圈 一个So we’re gonna draw big circles over here. One. 两个 哈哈哈 我喜欢你画这个Two. Hahaha, I like that. 不错 很棒Good, that’s perfect okay. 然后在中间画它的瞳孔Now in the center we’re gonna draw two his pupils, 就是它的黑眼球and that’s the dark part of his eye. 这边也画一个Draw them over here, too. 没画好 我再描一描That was kind of a funny-shaped, sure and I’m gonna fix that. 再在最上边画两个小圈Okay now we’re gonna draw a smaller circle in the top part, 画在右上角 这就是……top right part, kind of looks like he is, 光线进入它眼睛的位置he’s gonna be the light catcher. 然后我们把剩下的部分涂黑light catchers in his eyes and then we’re gonna color the rest in. 画笔怎么用更粗一点?Could you make your marker thick? 把笔往旁边倾斜一点就可以了I put, if I put it down on the side a little bit, 如果你用笔尖涂if you are up on the tip, 画出来的线条就很细it looks really thin. 如果用侧面画 笔触就变粗了You put it down on the side, it’s a little thicker. – 嗯 我正在画- 不错 很棒Good job! Yeah, good. 笔粗涂得更快一点Thicker and faster. 对 笔粗的话涂起来更容易Yeah that’s a little easier to color them uh. – 还好吧- 嗯– Not that much.- Em-huh. – 怎么样 涂完了吗- 嗯 差不多了– How’s yours? You’re almost done?- Yeah. 非常好 查克斯Good job, Chuckers. 好 你继续吧Uh, you can go then. 好棒 你画得很好看Perfect, that looks awesome. Look at that. 它看上去太酷了 看看它那俩大眼睛Yeah he looks so cool, looks at his eyes, 猫头鹰的大眼睛looks like big owl eyes okay. 现在在这里画一些羽毛Now we’re gonna put some feathers up here. 在它的额头上画一条锯齿形的线So we’re gonna do a zigzag line on his forehead. 不错 然后再在这里Good job! And we’re gonna do some more, 画一条曲线curved lines right here, 眼睛看起来就更大了eyes look even bigger. 然后画翅膀Okay and then we’re gonna make his wings, 也是在这里画一条锯齿形的线and those are gonna be zigzag lines over here, too. 这边也一样Make some zigzag lines. 啊 我应该……Well I should… 要不我画在下面这里吧Maybe draw some down here. 没关系 就画在这里吧No, no, that’s good, just draw right here. 画在这里 然后这里Zigzag lines right there and right here. 你的猫头鹰的身体很小 哈哈You got a, yours has a really small body. 我可以再在这里画一点羽毛I could draw that little part. 我们要在这里画一些不一样的Perfect! Well we’re gonna do some different there. 没关系 你可以继续画That’s okay. You can keep going on. 我们现在要画Uh, I’m gonna, we’re gonna draw, 剩下的羽毛rest of his feathers. 就是尾巴上的羽毛Down here, just tail feathers. 我可以在这里画I can do it in this. 可以 效果很棒Good. Yeah. That works perfect. 我还更喜欢你这个呢And I even like it a little better than the way I did it. 小朋友们在家也应该这么画Kids at home should do that, too. 在底部画一些折线 然后再画尾巴的毛Do little zigzags down here at the bottom and then do feathers. 非常棒 然后我们在这里画一些小UPerfect Chuckers. Okey and then we’re gonna do a bunch of little “U”s, 就成了它肚子上的羽毛for the feathers on his belly. 你在下面也画了小UOh, you’re doing them I’m down there, too. 看!你画好了!Perfect! Look that! You did it! 你画了一只猫头鹰!好玩吧!You drew an owl. Is that fun? 很简单 对吧That’s pretty easy, huh? – 太棒了!- 太棒了!– It’s awesome!- It’s awesome. 看起来还有点像设计图It kind of looks like a design, too, 有特定的规律It’s a little bit of a pattern huh. 画得很好 查克斯Good job, Chuckers. – 我抱了抱我的大拇指- 那我呢– I give my thump hug.- Hey what about me? 我的小天使呀跟我击个掌Oh you angel give me five. 哈哈 真是调皮That was tricky. 好了 跟观众说再见吧Good job, alright, let’s say goodbye, 跟YouTube观众说再见吧 再见!Let’s say goodbye to YouTube. See you, too. 拜拜!Bye bye. Byebye!
  • 2021-10-17我是如何找到我的绘画风格的我三岁还是五岁就开始画画I’ve been drawing since the age of 3 or 5. 我不记得具体时间I don’t exactly remember the time. 但我拿起笔来画画已经有一段时间了But it’s been quite a while since I’ve picked up a pencil. 我从小时候经常看的电视卡通画起I started over drawing cartoons 因为它们总是能激励我I used to see on TV because those things inspired me. 它们催使我拿起画笔They made me want to pick up a pencil 把一切都画出来and just draw the hell out. 接着 我开始把电影里的东西画出来Then, I started with all the things I saw on movies. 那些我喜欢的电影 尤其是动画电影The movies that I like, animated movies especially, 还记得《阿拉丁》里面的那座城堡吗?you remember that castle from the movie Aladdin? 是的 类似那样的东西我画了不少Yeah, I drew that thing a lot. 但在2010年的某一刻 一切都变了Somewhere during 2010, where all things changed for me 作为一个总是沉浸在卡通 画卡通的孩子as a kid who was always into cartoons and drawing cartoons, 我开始对现实主义(手法)产生兴趣I started getting interested in realism. 正如其名字所显现的As the name suggests, 现实主义就是将事物按其本身的模样realism is basically drawing something 原原本本地画出来exactly the way it is. 看到什么样 就画成什么样What you see is what you get. 我非常喜欢电子游戏I was really into video games. 曾经 我甚至有一台Xbox 360游戏机Back then, I even own an Xbox 360. 我过去常常跟朋友一起打游戏I used to play with my friend, 噢伙计 那真是一段很美好的时光 真的 很美好Man, those were some good times, oh yeah those were some good times. 不管怎样 我是真的很喜欢我玩的游戏Anyways, I really liked the games that I played 想要(为它)画点什么来以示喜爱and I wanted to make some art for us to show my appreciation. 所以 我买了一些新的纸笔So I bought some new pencils and paper 试着把游戏《刺客信条》里的角色画出来and tried drawing this character from this game called Assassins Creed. 我记得我在这一块投入了大量时间与精力I remember putting a lot of time and effort into this piece 而且进展得还不错and it was coming off good, 我的感觉也一度很棒and I was feeling good about it. 然而当我完成作品的时候But when I finished it, 人物看起来……好难看……实在太难看太差劲了he was just the… bleh… yeah bleh! It was bad. 那幅画跟原作相差太多了It looked nothing like the original. 我感到很失望I was disappointed. 但我没放弃But I did not give up. 我卷起袖子I pull up my sleeves, 拿起铅笔 又画了一次pick up my pencils and drew the same thing again. 这一次 我似乎做到了And this time, I sort of hit the mark. 在我整个艺术生涯中 这是第一次It was the first time in my whole artistic journey 我感觉自己创造出了一些有意义的东西I felt that I’ve created something meaningful, 那感觉一直驱使着我 让我不愿就此打住and that drove me and I didn’t stop there. 我继续沿着这条现实主义的道路画下去I continued down this path of making realistic drawings, 画我喜欢的游戏和电影(角色)drawing games and movies that I liked 几乎就在同一时期 我还开了自己的YouTube栏目and was also approximately the same time I started a YouTube channel, 用来记录我的绘画进展where I documented my drawing process and 让我惊讶的是 有人(对此)进行了回应to my surprise, people responded. 所以我不停地画呀画呀画So I kept drawing and drawing and drawing and 以这种形式快速完成大量产出churning out videos in this manner 直到我对现实主义手法丧失所有激情和灵感until I lost all motivation and inspiration I had for this art form. 所以我决定要尝试一些不一样的东西So, I decided that I would try something different. 几年前A couple of years back, 《愤怒的小鸟》是最热门的游戏Angry Birds was the hottest game in the market 我也很喜欢那个游戏and I absolutely loved that game. 差不多同一时期 电影《复仇者联盟1》也刚上映And it’s also the time when the first Avengers movie was coming out. 作为一名漫威迷 同时也是《愤怒的小鸟》忠粉So, me being a big Marvel fan boy and Angry Bird fanatic 我决定试试将二者相结合decided that I would try something with both of these. 通过把复仇者与愤怒的小鸟合为一体I combined the Avengers and the Angry Birds and 我创造出新物种 愤怒的复仇小鸟created something called the Angry Birds Avengers 那条视频在当时成为爆款and boy did that video blew up back then. 当时共获得了数十万点击Gained over a hundred thousand views back in the day, 而我之前的现实主义绘画视频 记不太清了compared to my other videos getting somewhere no, I don’t know, 也就一两千点击量而已thousand or two thousand views of me drawing realistic stuff. 是的 感觉不赖 你的创作终于获得一些认可Yeah. It was kind of nice to finally get some recognition for your art. 也是在那时 我的一位老师教导我And it was also the time that a mentor of mine told me that 我应该停止模仿I need to stop copying stuff 如果我想要做些有意义的事and start making my own original art 我就要开始制作原创作品了if I want to do something meaningful. 那让我产生了自己创作的想法And that drove the idea home for me 打造自己的卡通 角色和世界to create my own cartoons, characters and worlds. 一位真正的艺术家正是由此诞生的That’s what a real artist needs to get started. 但有一个问题But the thing was 我真心不太擅长由自己从零做起I was really bad at making up my own stuff to begin with. 我开始了一些初步的原创 但根基薄弱By drawing slight originality, it seemed I was bad at my art fundamentals. 我的视频反响一般My videos weren’t doing good, 因为人们不太喜欢我画卡通的新路数because people didn’t like my new path of making cartoons. 所以基本上 一切都变得更难看了So basically, everything just became more bleh. 我停手了So, I stopped. 我认输了 停止制作(绘画)视频I threw in the towel. I stopped making videos. 我也不画画了 转去找了份工作I stopped drawing and got a job. 但我对于艺术的热情一直藏在内心深处But my passion for art was still lurking in the background 正因如此 我不能集中注意力到工作上and I wasn’t able to focus on my job because of that. 我没法同时专注在两件事情上I wasn’t able to focus on two things at the same time. 于是 2015年9月4日那天So, on September 4th of 2015, 我决定放弃艺术I decided that I would quit art. 但内心深处有个声音But something on the inside 在讲……既然你真打算要放弃艺术told me that… so if you’re indeed gonna quit art, 为什么不每天先花个10-15分钟做些基础练习why don’t you just spend 10 to 15 minutes a day doing the daily stage 然后按部就班过完那一天 怎么样then just go on about your day. How about that? 对 我就是这么干的So, yeah. That’s what I did. 我听从了那个声音I listened to that voice and 2015年9月5号 我开始每天画画on September 5th of 2015, I started drawing daily. 我新开了一个Instagram账号I opened up an Instagram account, 每天早上我去上班went for my day job in the morning 晚上回到家and would come back home at night 然后完成我的每日一画发到网上and do my daily sketch and post it. 人们那时候极少关注到我People barely noticed at that time 但老实讲 我没太在乎and I didn’t care, to be honest. 因为又一次地 我在挑战我不太擅长的东西Because I was again, not good at what I do. 我只是坚持每天画完就发 画完就发So, I kept at it – drawing and posting, drawing and posting, 不停歇地画完就发drawing and posting every single day. 我没去想自己会在艺术的道路上走多远I never worried about where things are going in terms of my art. 我唯一关注的就是每天坚持练习All I focused was on showing up to practice every day. 时不时地 我看到一些微小的进步I saw minor improvements here and there, 但并没有特别明显的but nothing significant, 最后我的热情燃烧殆尽and eventually got burnt out. 因此 在第161天的时候 我决定歇一下So, I decided that I would take a little break on my 161st day 好好回顾一下 再重新评估评估自己的行动to think things through and reassess some stuff. 这样 当我重新回归的时候And when I got back, 事情开始有了提升——太疯狂了things started improving – crazy. 我继续进行日常绘画练习I kept up on my daily sketch. 但这次 我不再执着于But this time, I was focused on 一定每天都要练习 只要大部分日子有练就行just showing up for most days instead of every day 想要休息时 我就去休息and took a break when I needed it. 我画下惊艳到自己的画面I drew pieces that surprised me. 我的绘画功底见长I got good at my fundamentals, 磨练并融会贯通自己的绘画技巧learning and mastering the basis of my art. 我向那些激励到我的艺术家学习I studied other artists who inspired me, 探究他们为什么要那样作画 以及是如何作画的learned why they draw what they draw and how they drew it. 我从他们身上吸收自己喜欢的部分I incorporated what I liked from them and 摒弃那些不喜欢的部分discarded why I didn’t like about them. 我学着观察生活I learned to see life 因为我意识到 不管是日本动漫还是美式卡通because I realized that all these artistic styles like animes and cartoons and such 这些艺术风格都是对生活的个性化演绎are just personal renditions of the original, which is life itself. 所以我开始学着观察这些绘画形式的来源So I started learning to see the very source of all these arts. 有位智者曾经说过 “绘画其实无关绘画Because a wise man once said, “Art is not about drawing. 而只关乎你如何看待事物”It’s about learning how you see.” 我重复着这样的过程 直到有一天I kept on with this process, and one day, 网上有人给我留了一条评论I saw a comment on my social that said, 兄弟 我真喜欢你的风格Man, I really like your style. 风格?什么风格?Style? What style? 我没有风格 我有风格吗?I don’t have a style. Do I have a style? 是的 我拥有了(自己的)风格I do have a style. 等等 我是如何获取自己的风格的?Wait, how do I get that style? 来看看我是怎么做到的Here’s how I found my style. 首先 风格是一项决定One, style is a decision. 它是你在创作过程中所做的大大小小的决定集合而来It’s a combination of big and small decisions you make when you’re making something. 第一步就是 不要刻意去寻找你的风格The first step is to stop trying so hard to find your style. 你并不是拥有一种风格 你拥有许多种You don’t have one style. You have many 而且你的风格很有可能会变化and your style will probably change 所以不要试着根植于某种风格and it will also stop trying to land on one style, 也就是那种你下半辈子都要遵从的which you will hold dear for the rest of your fricking life. 第二步 学着观察Step 2. To learn to see. 观察生活 其他艺术家 亲身经历和事物See life, other artists, experiences and things 哪些是你喜欢的 哪些你不喜欢what do you like, what you dislike, 哪些能引起你的兴趣 把它们记下来what interests you, and take note of it. 接下来 你要结合自己所看到的You have to then incorporate what you see 那些你喜欢的部分what do you like about the things you saw. 你想要把它们放到你自己的作品里吗?Do you like to put that in your own work? 你可以运用你所见过的各种艺术形式You do that with all the art that you see, 融入你生活中的亲身经历the experience that you come across in the life you live. 这时候 你找到了你自己的风格That’s when you find your style. 我们都做过这样的事We do all these things 当你在进行创作的时候when you do the work of actually making something, 你最终就会找到属于自己的风格you’ll eventually land on your current code style 最后获得的 甚至都无足轻重and in the end, it doesn’t even matter. 因为风格并不是一种结果 而是一种副产品Because style is a byproduct, not the result. 当你找寻到真正有意义的东西 这种副产品也就随之而来 A byproduct of actually doing the work that you find meaningful. [音乐][Music]
  • 2021-10-17蒙娜丽莎为什么那么有名?If you want praise of Leonardo daVinci’s Mona Lisa as art,想找对达芬奇《蒙娜丽莎》的艺术崇拜 you can find it:你总能找到: But what if you think it’s just….但是如果你认为这幅画只是 fine?还不错…… What’s the cynic’s explanation for the Mona Lisa?犬儒们怎么解释? Why is the Mona Lisa so, so famous?《蒙娜丽莎》为什么这么有名? Is it really that much better than da Vinci’s Lady with Ermine?它真的比达芬奇的《抱貂的女人》好多了吗? That seems better.这幅看起来更好 There’s one more ermine.这还有一只貂呢 But it’s Mona who is so famous但是《蒙娜丽莎》名气更大 that the director of the Louvre, where Mona Lisa lives,收藏着《蒙娜丽莎》的卢浮宫馆长说 said 80% of their visitors are only there to see that one painting.80%的游客都是冲着这幅画来的 If you don’t think Mona Lisa is famous如果你认为 《 蒙娜丽莎》的出名 just because she’s somehow 10 times better than every other painting,不是因为它比别的画好10倍 her story reveals something more interesting,那就是因为她的故事展现了一些更有趣的东西 something about how art breaks into wider culture.一些关于艺术如何融入更广泛的文化的东西 And it might never have happened if the Mona Lisa hadn’t disappeared.如果《蒙娜丽莎》没有消失过 这些可能永远不会发生 Before Mona Lisa became a mass culture star, before she vanished,在《蒙娜丽莎》成为大众文化明星之前 在她失窃之前 one critic made her a work of art worth taking.一位评论家让她成为了一件有收藏价值的艺术品 And he was so over-the-top insanely in love with the painting他非常热爱这幅画 that he single-handedly it a masterpiece.一手将她打造成了杰作 Walter Pater’s 1873 book, The Renaissance, was key.沃尔特·佩特1873年的著作《文艺复兴》是关键 It came out more than 350 years after Leonardo painted Mona Lisa这本书的出现比《蒙娜丽莎》晚350年 but it defined the painting for Victorians.但它为维多利亚时期的人们描绘了这幅画 That was key in an age when it was hard to actually see the art.在一个很难真正看到艺术的时代 那很重要 So the words did the work.这些话让这幅画出名了 Here is the epic semi-colon-stuffed paragraph at the center of his ode to Mona Lisa.在他的《蒙娜丽莎颂》中 这一段充满了史诗般的描写 Highlights?举个例子 “The animalism of Greece”“远自希腊最原始的欲望” “She is older than the rocks among whichshe sits.”“她比环绕她的岩石的更古老” “Like the vampire, she has been dead many times.”“她像吸血鬼一样 死过很多次” This was the purplest prose of all time.这是有史以来词藻最华美的散文 But people loved the stuff.但人们喜欢这些东西 Oscar Wilde thought the essay’s writing was great.奥斯卡·王尔德也认为这篇文章写得很好 He praised “the musical of the mystical prose.”他称赞这篇文章是“一篇神秘散文的乐章” And every general interest profile of the Louvre,对卢浮宫的介绍 from academic guidebooks to discussions clubs in Paducah,从学术指南到帕迪尤卡的讨论俱乐部 used Pater’s words to talk about Mona.都用佩特的话来谈论《蒙娜丽莎》 Other critics jumped on — Mona was a popular, secular painting that they could analyze.其他评论家也说 《蒙娜丽莎》是一幅受欢迎的雅俗共赏的世俗画 Unlike da Vinci’s Last Supper,与达芬奇的《最后的晚餐》不同 they could supply all the meaning.他们可以解说这幅画的所有内涵 But even at her peak, Mona Lisa was just art world famous,但即使在她的巅峰时期 《蒙娜丽莎》也只是艺术界的名画 not the most famous painting of all time.不是有史以来最著名的画作 In 1907, a vandal at the Louvre targeted a picture by Ingres1907年 卢浮宫的一名破坏者破坏了安格尔的一幅画 not da Vinci而不是达芬奇的 And in 1910, amidst rumors of theft,1910年 在失窃的谣言中 papers called Mona just the second most famous in the Louvre,报纸也只称《蒙娜丽莎》是卢浮宫第二名作 after Raphael’s Sistina Madonna.次于拉斐尔的《西斯廷娜圣母》 It took a real theft to take Mona from art syllabus highlight让《蒙娜丽莎》从一幅艺术名作转变为大众文化的标志的 to mass culture icon是一场真正的盗窃 These are Vincenzo Peruggia’s fingerprints.这些是佩鲁贾的指纹 This is Vincenzo Peruggia’s mugshot.这是佩鲁贾的面部特写 He has one because on August 21, 1911,1911年8月21日 the former Louvre worker lifted the Mona off the wall这位前卢浮宫工作人员将《蒙娜丽莎》从墙上取了下来 and…took it home.然后把它带回了家 It took the Louvre a day to even notice,卢浮宫花了一天时间才发现这幅画被偷了 but the media didn’t have as subdued of a reaction.但媒体的反应却很激烈 The painting went missing for two years,这幅画失踪了两年 and every time, the press — often quoting Pater每次媒体提到这件事都会引用佩特的话 — called it the greatest portrait there ever was.-它是史上最伟大的画作 They speculated that Mona’s smile had driven the thief mad, ,他们推测是蒙娜的微笑使得小偷如此疯狂 they wrote art thief fan fiction还为此编撰雅贼小说 and they constantly daydreamed about Mona Lisa’s whereabouts.他们经常猜测蒙娜丽莎的下落 Thousands went to the Louvre just to see empty hooks hanging on the wall.成千上万的人去卢浮宫只是为了看了墙上挂着的空钩子 The robbery and manhunt were like a two year ad campaign for the painting.这次抢劫和搜捕就像是为这幅画做了两年的广告宣传 And because you couldn’t just Google “Mona Lisa before it was stolen,”因为那时候你不能在网上搜“被盗前的蒙娜丽莎” it was hard for people to see the actual painting and say, “What’s the big deal?”人们看不到原画 或许他们看了之后会觉得没什么大不了 When Peruggia was caught, he said佩鲁贾被捕后 他说 his goal was to bring Mona back to her native Italy.他的目标是把《蒙娜丽莎》带回他的祖国意大利 By then, she was the most famous painting in the world从那之后 她变成了世界上最著名的画 due, in part, to her absence.就是因为这次失窃 Just as critics could smear prose on her blank face,就像评论家可以抹黑一个无辜的人一样 the press could hang a reputation on those empty hooks in the wall.媒体可以让墙上的空钩子出名 When Mona Lisa was stolen, she left a masterpiece.《蒙娜丽莎》被盗时 她留下一幅杰作 After her recovery and a two week tour in Florence, she returned to the Louvre在弗罗伦萨展出两周后她回到了卢浮宫 bigger than just art.这时她已经不只是一幅艺术作品了 She was a story and a legend她是一个故事 一个传奇 and prominently shown in every paper that reported her recovery.各大报纸争相报道她的失而复得 It was the big reveal after 2 years of suspense,失踪两年后 她名满天下 now with a story that merited Walter Pater’s hyperbole佩特的歌颂和被盗的传奇成就了她 From that point on, she attracted Presidential speeches and parodies.从那以后 她引得总统为她演讲 使得人们竞相模仿 “Also come to pay homage to this great creation of the civilization which we share.”“我们向这伟大的创造致敬 她是我们的文明所创造的” The momentum never stopped.这种趋势从未停止 In the end, the cynic’s interpretation and the gob-smacked critic’s interpretation最后 愤世嫉俗者和惊讶的评论家的观点 have something in common.有一些共同之处 Mona Lisa isn’t a portrait, but a blank face.《蒙娜丽莎》不是一幅肖像 而是一张空空的脸 A place for critics to paint meaning, and people to find mystery.一个评论家发现内涵 人们发现神秘的地方 That’s why she was so famous这就是她如此出名的原因 not because of how she’s painted, but what we see in her不是因为画的内容 而是因为我们在她身上看到的东西 If that’s not art, then what is?如果那不是艺术 那什么是艺术 I found one 1909 description of the Mona Lisa that seemed particularly prescient.我发现一篇1909年对《蒙娜丽莎》是文章似乎特别有先见之明 The writer said: “Even those whose first expressions is ‘huh’这位作家说:“即使那些第一次看到这幅画只觉得还不错的人 and proclaimed frankly that they cannot see her beauty or her interest或者坦率地说他们看不出她的美或特殊之处的人 find themselves disputing hotly over both.”他们会发现自己会质疑自己” That’s probably still the case today.现在可能依然如此
  • 2021-10-17爱德华·蒙克的呐喊SPEAKER: Close your eyes.闭上你的眼睛 Now I want you to think about the most famous painting in art history.现在我想让你想一幅艺术史上最著名的画作 Are you picturing Mona Lisa?你想的是《蒙娜丽莎》么? Yeah, right.是的 没错 OK.好的 Now think about the second most famous painting you know.现在想一下你知道的第二幅最出名的画作 Open your eyes.睁开你的眼睛 Was I right?我猜对了么? This one, as you may already know, is called “The Scream,”这一幅 你可能知道它的名字《呐喊》 and was painted by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch in 1893.由挪威画家爱德华·蒙克于1893年创作 How do you feel looking at it?当你看到它的时候有什么感觉? Uncomfortable, but at the same time hypnotized?不舒服?同时觉得被催眠了? For more than a century this allegory of pain and panic一个多世纪以来 这幅对画中人痛苦和恐慌的描绘 has been reproduced, caricatured,被人们所再现和夸张 and parodied to become a touchstone of pop culture.甚至被夸张的模仿成为流行文化的试金石 From the terrifying mask of the movie “Scream “从电影《尖声惊叫》 中可怕的面具 to the poster for “Home Alone,” the spine-chilling painting甚至《小鬼当家》令人毛骨悚然的海报 even has its own emoji.都用到了它的表情 Somewhere between extreme Impressionism and early expressionism介于极端印象主义和早期印象主义之间 there’s this hairless, browless,这个无毛发 也没有眉毛的 alien-like figure standing on a bridge,类似外星人形状的人物站在桥上 blank-eyed, mouth wide open.空洞的眼神 全张的大嘴 Its distorted body twirls like a wave of distress.扭曲的身体就好像那悲痛的浪潮 Is it a man?这是个男人么? A woman?还是个女人? Is it even human?甚至可以问 它是个人么? I don’t know why, I just didn’t understand it when I was a kid,不知道为什么 我小时候看不懂 but I kind of relate to it now in a way,但是现在在某种程度上能理解它了 in the way that life around me is kind of distorted sometimes.某种程度上来说 我的生活就是有些扭曲的 Some art historians suggest 一些艺术历史学家认为 Munch might have been inspired by a Peruvian mummy he saw蒙克可能是在巴黎的世界博览会上 at the World’s Fair in Paris.被他看到的秘鲁木乃伊激发出了灵感 It might even be Edvard Munch himself.它也有可能是爱德华·蒙克本人 Reminiscing, about the scene, he writes,回忆那个场景时 他写道 “I was walking along the road with two friends.“我和两个朋友走在路上 The sun was setting.太阳正在落下 Suddenly the sky turned blood red.突然天空变成了血红色 I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaning on the fence.我停下脚步 感觉到很疲惫 然后倚靠在栅栏上 There was blood and tongues of fire above the blue/black fjord in the city.城市蓝黑色的峡湾之上是血与火舌 My friends walked on, and I stood there我的朋友继续走着 而我依旧站在那里 trembling with anxiety.惶恐不安的颤抖着 And I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature.”我感觉到天地间到处都能听到刺耳的尖叫 Hence the original title of the work, “The Scream of Nature,”因此这幅作品最初的标题为《自然的呐喊》 because contrary to what is often assumed,因为与人们通常认为的相反 the scream does not necessarily show the screamer.这个呐喊并不是主要表现呐喊者在尖叫 Some experts actually believe that the image shows the figure一些专家认为这幅画作展示的是画里的人 hearing a scream instead.听到了尖叫 The scream itself seems to be distorting all the nature elements这声尖叫似乎令天地万物颤抖扭曲 like a shock wave.就像一阵冲击波 Or maybe it reflects the troubled mental state又或者它反映出画中人 of the main figure.一种错乱的精神状态 Only the bridge seems to resist, with its linear planks只有桥的扶手木板不是扭曲的 and thick, straight banister.而是结实笔直的 Everything else is filled with sinuous lines其它所有元素都是由弯曲的线条 and vivid colors– red, blue, orange, and green和鲜艳的颜色—— 用红色 蓝色 橘色和绿色 depicting the also fjord and a disrupted sky above描述峡湾和天空的混乱 reminiscent of van Gogh’s la nuit étoilée让人想起了梵高的《星空》 An American astrophysicist suggests一位美国天体物理学家提出 the spoiling sky might have been caused这个沸腾的天空可能是由 by the cataclysmic eruption of the Krakatoa volcano in 18831883年喀拉喀托火山的灾难性喷发造成的 whose ashes tinted European skies red.它的灰烬染红了欧洲的天空 Edvard Munch completed several variations of it爱德华·蒙克一共完成了几个版本 with pastels and pencils, and even a lithograph.分别用蜡笔和铅笔进行创作 甚至用上了平板印刷 Two of them have been stolen and later found,它们中的两个都被偷走过 但是后来又被找到了 which shows how much fascination this work of art holds.这也表明了这幅画作无穷的魅力
  • 2021-10-17什么是波普艺术?苏格兰国家美术馆 But what is pop art?但是什么是波普艺术? Pop art is perhaps the most significant波普艺术也许是二十世纪 at movements of the twentieth century.最重要的运动 But what makes an artwork ‘pop’?但是 是什么让一件艺术品“波普”呢? And who were the pop artists?谁又是波普艺术家呢? You might recognise some of its most famous names,你可能会认识一些最著名的名字 like American artists Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol.像美国艺术家罗伊·利希滕斯坦和安迪·沃霍尔 We’ll learn more about them later,我们稍后会详细了解他们 because our story starts in London in 1952 –因为我们的故事始于1952年的伦敦 a group of young avant-garde artists, writers, and architects,一群年轻前卫的艺术家 作家和建筑师 including Scottish artist Eduardo Paolozzi包括苏格兰艺术家爱德华多·保罗兹 formed the Independent Group.组成的独立团体 The group wanted to challenge the art world, 这个团体想要挑战艺术界 and was interested in the relationship between popular culture and the visual arts.他们对大众文化和视觉艺术之间的关系很感兴趣 Paolozzi led the charge – giving an important presentation保罗兹是其中的领头人 他主持了一次重要的介绍 where he showed advertising, comic strips,他展示了广告 连环画 and assorted graphic images from American magazines.以及来自美国杂志的各种图形图像 Inspired by these images, the group wanted to create art that was inclusive受这些图像的启发 该团体希望创作一种包容各方 and which had mass appeal.并具有大众吸引力的艺术 Paolozzi had already begun to create collages using some of these images,保罗兹已经开始使用其中一些图像创建拼贴 in works like例如 ‘I was a rich man’s play thing’ (1947), from the series ‘Bunk!’1947年“班克”系列的《我是一个有钱人的玩物》 The collage brings together Coca Cola advertising,这些拼贴画汇集了可口可乐广告 and an image of a Second World War fighter plane,和第二次世界大战战斗机的图像 while a playful magazine cover takes centre stage.而有趣的杂志封面成为了焦点 Paolozzi also incorporated the word ‘pop’ 保罗兹还把“波普”一词加入到 in a cloud emanating from a pistol above the featured starlet’s head.从特色小明星头部上方的手枪发出的云朵中 In America, artists were also starting to reference, and incorporate images在美国 艺术家也开始参考 from mass media into their artworks.并将大众传媒的图像整合到他们的作品中 The New York artist Roy Lichtenstein was inspired by comic books and cartoons.纽约艺术家罗伊·利希滕斯坦的灵感来自漫画和卡通 His early works from the 1960s included他始于1960年代的早期作品包括 screen-prints of Mickey Mouse and Popeye.米老鼠和大力水手的丝网印刷 His source material for the painting, ‘In The Car’ (1962) was他1962年的画作《在车里》的原始材料是 an image from’ Girls Romances’,一张《女孩浪漫史》的图片 an anthology by DC Comics.和一个DC漫画选集 Here he presents an image of contemporary America他通过运用大众文化中的图像 through appropriating images from mass culture.在里面呈现了当代美国的形象 Andy Warhol, whose name has become synonymous with Pop Art,安迪·沃霍尔已成为波普艺术的代名词 emerged at the same time as Lichtenstein.他与利希滕斯坦同时出现 In the early 1960s, Warhol embarked on a series of portraits of stars1960年代初期 沃霍尔拍摄了一系列明星肖像 including Elizabeth Taylor, Elvis Presley, and Jackie Kennedy.包括伊丽莎白·泰勒 猫王和杰基·肯尼迪 He used photographic silkscreen printing to create his celebrity portraits,他用照相丝网印刷来制作他的名人肖像 enabling him to reproduce recognisable images already out in public该方法使他能够复制已公开发布的可识别图像 – like publicity shots, or tabloid photographs.例如宣传照或小报照片 He often repeated the image multiple times他经常多次重复图像 as both a celebration and critique of contemporary culture.作为对当代文化的赞美和批判 Contemporary artists influenced by Pop Art,受波普艺术影响的当代艺术家 and sometimes referred to as Neo Pop有时也被称为新波普 include Jeff Koons and Damien Hirst.包括杰夫·昆斯和达米安·赫斯特 Like Warhol before them,像他们之前的沃霍尔一样 they often celebrate banality using mechanical processes to create their work,他们经常通过机械工艺来赞美平庸 以创造自己的作品 and repetition within in.并在其间重复 But the legacy of Pop Art, and its themes of repetition,但是波普艺术的遗产 daily objects and mass media及其重复 日常物品和大众媒体主题的存在 lives on beyond art,超越了艺术 with endless offshoots and commercial designs appearing in contemporary society.在现代社会中出现了无尽的分支和商业设计 Is this the greatest sign of their success 他们从流行文化中汲取了灵感来创作艺术 – that they took from popular culture to create art,而现在他们所创造的艺术 and now the art they created has been reclaimed又被流行文化所重新夺回 by popular culture once more?是否是他们成功的最大标志呢?
  • 2021-09-15艺术家比较苹果笔和漆刷Artismia的艺术之战Artistic art battles of artismia ArtismiaArtismia 数字方式与传统方式的对决Digital versus traditional 苹果“铅笔”Apple pencil Ipad proIpad pro 和Procreateand Procreate 对决versus 漆刷Paint brush 丙烯颜料Acrylic paint 绘画纸板Illustration board 准备创作啦Get ready for creating 开始Begin 首先是用传统方式创作First up traditional 汤米·李·琼斯《日落号列车》(2011)TOMMY LEE JONESTHE SUNSET LIMITED(2011) 现在是数字版用Procreate软件作图And now the digital versionPainted with Procreate app 数字版苹果笔、Ipad和ProcreateDigitalApple pencil, Ipad & Procreate 传统版笔刷、丙烯颜料和绘画纸板TraditionalBrush, acrylic paint & illustration board 数字版苹果笔、Ipad和ProcreateDigitalApple pencil, Ipad & Procreate 传统版笔刷、丙烯颜料和绘画纸板TraditionalBrush, acrylic paint & illustration board 哪个会胜出呢Which one won 由你来决定You decide 传统版本与数字版本的对决Traditional VS Digital 谢谢观看Thanks for watching! ArtismiaArtismia 我们的网址:www.artismia.comwww.artismia.com 音乐:CANULOOP-1BMusic:”CANULOOP-1B” Artismia作曲Composed by:ARTISMIA 用苹果的Garageband软件制作with Apple Audio Loops.Garageband ARTISMIAARTISMIA
  • 2021-09-15如何画一个水晶蜗牛朋友们大家好 欢迎收看另一期星期二的指导课程Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of tutorial! 我是Leonardo Pereznieto 今天我们将画一只水晶蜗牛I am Leonardo Pereznieto and today we will draw a crystal snail. 完成这项作品我们将用到哥达 从黑色开始For this we will use a Cretacolors and we will start with the black. 详细的材料表将附在The exact list of materials is in the information below 这个视频的下方the video. 我们从素描出它普遍的形状开始We begin by sketching the shell its general shape. 我一般先画一条细到很难看出的线I usually first do a very light line, which is hardly visible, 我开心的时候 我就会画得重一点and then once I am happy I go over it harder. 就像这样Like so. 不错Good! 接着就是蜗牛的身体And then the snail itself. 就是这里Right here. 我们把眼睛画在和贝壳同一高度上We will do the eyes at about the same height of the shell. 蜗牛的头 然后在这儿的另一只眼睛The snail head, and the other eye over here. 这部分是圆的The tips are rounded. 因为它要表现出玻璃质感 比例不一定要和现实中的一模一样These proportions are not totally realistic as this is going to be a glass 玻璃雕塑sculpture. 我们先画身体的底部 然后打磨一下轮廓We do the bottom part of the body … and then we refine the shape. 我觉得这个应该更短点I think it should be just a little bit shorter. 所以我们擦掉它 做点修改So we erase and correct that. 这种铅笔是可擦的 很棒的特性These pencils can be erased, which it is a nice feature. 这张画要做到非常简约 但也要有出色的视觉效果 希望吧[笑]This drawing is going to be very simple, but with a nice effect, I hope! [laughter]. 现在我们来处理反光效果 先从黑色的部分着手Now we begin doing the reflections. We start with the dark ones. 当然 阴影要随着身体的形状变化而变化And they are going to follow, of course, the shape of the masses. 就像这种螺纹的形状Here goes the kind of spiral shape. 蜗牛大部分的身体是圆的Most of the masses are rounded. 想象它表面的样子 反射效果也要差不多Imagine the shape of the surface and the reflection more or less 跟着形状变化 当然 可能在朝向上should follow that, although of course it can be in different 有些出入directions too. 现在用白色的铅笔处理反光的亮色部分And now with the white pencil we do the light reflections. 这很有趣This is so fun! 很容易就能画好And it is fairly easy to do. 简单几笔就能表现出玻璃质感With just a few touches we can represent the glass, we could 我们甚至可以直接在这儿停笔 很好看也很真实almost leave it like this and it would look nice and realistic. 但我们现在要再多画点But we will go a little further. 顺便插一句 不久在这个节目中By the way, in the near future on this channel, we will have 我们会有很多的活动different activities. 我们会有直播秀 也会举办一些绘画比赛We will do some live chats and we will also have art contests 你可以在绘画技术上得到练习以及丰厚的奖励to which you will be able to participate and win nice prizes! 所以一定要持续关注我们的节目 也希望你们能广而告之So stay tuned, and I suggest you to activate the notifications, on 关注我们Fine Art-Trips的主频道the main channel page of Fine Art-Tips, so that you get 你就可以及时观看最新一期的视频notified when a new video is uploaded. 一部分黑加白的反光很模糊Some of the reflections, both black and white, are very faint 很难看到 也有一些会非常黑and hardly visible … and other ones are very dark. 就像你现在看到的这样 我在地面上投射了一些反光As you see I also projected some of the reflections on the ground. 在地面表面上On the surface. 现在我们稍加一点非常淡的蓝色And now we give it some touches with a very light blue. It can hardly 这一块很难被察觉到 但是我不想只有黑色和白色的视觉效果be perceived but I want to take off the effect of being just black and white. 我画得很轻 画整个壳 整个尾巴 在地面上也画一点I do this, lightly, throughout the shell, the snail, and also some on the ground. 非常好Very good! 最后一笔 完成了The last touches and it´s ready! 如果你喜欢本次视频请点个“赞” 转发给你的朋友If you enjoyed it please give it a LIKE! share it to your friends 订阅我们Fine Art-Tripsand subscribe to Fine Art-Tips. 每周二 与你不见不散
  • 2021-09-15明暗处理 光线 以及物体明暗处理 光线和形体——基础 Hey Welcome to Proko my name is Stan Prokopenko, 嘿 欢迎观看Proko 我是Stan Prokopenko a lot of you have been asking for a video on很多人要求我做一期关于明暗处理的视频 shading. The first thing you need to understand when starting to shade要进行明暗处理 is how light affects the appearance of form 首先要了解光线对形体的外观有什么影响 and how to properly capture 3 dimensional form 以及根据场景里光线的特性 based on the characteristics of the light in the scene.如何准确的描绘这个三维形体 In some of my previous videos I talked about things like shapes, values and edges. 我在之前的一些课里讲过形状 明暗值 边线 But how do we know what shapes, values and edges to draw?但怎么知道要画什么样的形状 明暗值 和边线? What exactly are we looking for?我们到底要看什么? Well, we’re looking at Light 没错 我们要看的是光线 and how it illuminates the objects in our picture. 以及光线是怎么照亮我们画面里的物体 Light is the reason we see anything and the是光线让我们能看见东西 characteristics of light can completely change the appearance of the things it illuminates. 光线的特性能使照亮到的东西有完全不同的外观 So, I like to analyze the light in the scene and try to我喜欢分析场景里的光线 capture it, so the viewer can FEEL the light. 然后试着把它描绘下来 让观者能感受到光线 Form looking 3-dimensional is a byproduct of correctly capturing the light on the form.形体的三维感只是正确描绘光线所产生的副产品 Ok, so I hope I’ve convinced you that studying light on form is important.好了 希望你们能明白研究形体上的光线有多重要 Now let’s take a look at all the elements. 现在我们来看下所有的元素 For this I’m gonna need an egg.为此 我需要一颗蛋 For this I’m gonna need an egg.为此 我需要一颗蛋 There are two main zones. Light and shadow.有两块主要区域 亮部和暗部 The edge where the form transitions from light to shadow is the terminator. 这个由明到暗的边线叫做明暗交界线 It’s located at the tangent between the light source and位于光源与物体的切点处 the form. In other words, just before the planes start to face away from the light.也就是说 形体表面由此开始不再朝向光源了 Lets start by talking about the SHADOW side我们先从暗部开始 There are two types of shadows.有两种暗部 form shadow is a shadow caused by the planes turning away 暗面是由形体上的面背向光源产生的 from the light source. A cast shadow is caused by one form blocking the light from hitting投影是由一个形体挡住投射在另一个形体上的光线所形成的 another form. This egg is blocking the light from reaching this part of the table. You这个蛋挡住了照亮这块桌面的光线 can find this shape by projecting lines from the light source to the termination of the投影的形状可以从光源处向第一个形体的明暗交界线处画线 first form, and continuing those lines to the obstructed form.并将这些线条延伸至被阻挡形体上得到 Shadows will rarely be completely black. 很少有暗部是全黑的 Light bounces off objects in the environment and is reflected back into the shadows. 光线会从环境中的物体上反射到暗部里 This is called reflected light.这个叫做反光 In this case the light will bounce off the paper and into the shadowon the egg.在这个例子中 光会从纸上反射到蛋的暗面上 Along the terminator, sometimes you will see a core shadow. 顺着明暗交界线有时候会看到阴影最暗处 It’s a darker plane that defines the edge of the shadow.这是一个界定暗面边线的较暗面 The thickness and softness of the core shadow can vary quite阴影最暗处的厚度和柔和度变化空间很大 a bit. It depends on the thickness of the form, how sharp the edge is between the planes取决于形体的厚度 亮面与暗面之间边线尖锐度 of light and dark, or the angle and position of the reflecting light source.或反光光源的角度及位置 Sometimes you won’t see the core shadow at all.有时候会根本看不见阴影最暗处 Only if there is something on the shadow side, to reflect back enough light 只有暗部这边有东西能反射足够多的光 to create a visible difference in value. This出现可见的明暗值变化才能看到阴影最暗处 dark piece of paper reflects less light than the white paper.这张黑颜色的纸比白颜色的纸反射的光要少 You can see a drastic difference in the value of the reflected light. 可以看到这两个蛋的反光 明暗值相差非常大 Also, regarding the visibility of a core shadow,还有 要想看到阴影最暗处 the reflection has to come from the right反射光要从正确的方位照过来 angle. If it’s directly behind the shadow side, 如果是从暗部的正后方 it will create a nice core shadow. If就会出现很漂亮的阴影最暗处 we move the reflection source closer to the angle of the main light source, 要是我们把反射光源往主光源方向移 it will illuminate the area where the core shadow would have been. 它就会照亮阴影最暗处该在的区域 If you don’t see a distinct core shadow, many artists choose to cheat one in because如果看不见阴影最暗处 许多艺术家会自己造一个 it can add to the 3-dimensionality of the form.因为这样可以增加形体的三维感 Reflected light doesn’t just affect form shadows. It also affects cast shadows.反光不止影响形体的暗面 也会影响投影 Less light can bounce into this deep crevice where the egg and table meet, 在这里蛋与桌面的交接处 较少的光线能反射进去 and so that area gets darker as it goes deeper. This is called an Occlusion shadow.所以这块区域越靠里越暗 这里就叫做闭塞阴影 Moving on to the light zone, immediately after the terminator, is the halftone. These are来看亮部 紧靠明暗交界线的另一边是中间调 planes of the form that are partially hit by the direct light.这是形体上部分被光线射到的面 As the planes get closer and closer to facing the light, they will get lighter. 这些面的角度越正向光就越亮 And the point where the form points directly at the light is called the center light. 直接对着光源的地方叫做中央光 The center light shouldn’t get confused with the highlight.不要把中央光跟高光混了 The difference between the two is that the center light is the plane facing the light source, 区别是中央光是朝向光源的面 whereas the highlight is a reflection of the light source. 而高光是光源的反光 A reflection will move depending on where the viewer is. 反光会随着观者的位置而变 So let’s say this is the egg.那么 假设这是个蛋 The viewer, or camera is down here, and the light source is over here.观者或者摄像机在下面 光源在右边 The center light will be here facing the light source. The highlight however中央光就会在这里 对着光源 will need to be at the point where the light can bounce off the surface of the egg and高光则在蛋上既能折射光线又能被观者看见的点上 reach the viewer’s eyes. These two angles need to be equal.这两个角度一定是相等的 If you’ve played billiards, this is very similar. 跟打桌球的原理差不多 To test this concept let’s mark the point of the highlight,为了测试这个概念 我们标一下高光点 and mark another point for the center light.也标一下中央光点 Now let’s move the camera and see what happens. Ok, you can see here我们把摄像机转一下 看一下会有什么变化 that the highlight moved to a different spot, following the camera. The center of light你们可以看见 高光随着摄像机跑了 hasn’t changed. It still pointing directly at the light source.中央光完全没有变 还是指着光源 Don’t let the math of all this confuse you. 不要被前面的数学关系迷惑住 Highlights, and also cast shadows which we discussed earlier, can be changed 高光和之前提到的投影是可以改的 and they can still look believable.并且依然能看起来很真实 Nobodys going to call you on a highlight being in the wrong spot. 不会有人说你这个高光位置不对 I can take the highlight on this egg, move it to a different spot, and change the shape. 我可以把这个蛋的高光挪到另一个位置 换下形状 And it still looks believable…看起来依然很真实 I’ll often change the shape of a cast shadow我经常会改变投影的形状 to better describe the form it is being cast 来体现这个投影被投到什么形体上 onto. For example if I have an object that casts a shadow appearing to go against the例如 如果我有一个东西看起来是投影在这个形体上 form. The form of this paper towel roll is a cylinder and to show that I would change这个纸卷的形体是圆柱 为了显示这个 the cast shadow from the egg to wrap around the cylinder.我会把蛋的投影画成环绕圆柱的样子 I usually try to describe the form that the shadow is casting on to, 我通常画的都是投影投到的形体 rather than the form casting the shadow. 而不是画投影形体本身的投影 So, give yourself artistic license. Learn the rules,所以给自己个艺术破格特许吧 先学习作画规则 and then learn how you can break the rules to improve your drawing… 然后学习如何打破规则让画作变得更完美 Just want to let you guys know, I will be releasing a DVD very soon. 跟你们说一下 我马上会发行一部DVD So, keep your eyes out.希望你们关注下 It’s gonna have all the video tutorials I’ve done so far, 里面会有我到目前为止所有的教学视频 PLUS a few extras that will be available only on the dvd. 以及一些DVD专供的片段 I’m hoping to have it available in the next few weeks.我希望在几周后发行 And as always, if you liked this video, 还有照例 如果你喜欢本视频 share it with your friends. They might like it too.请分享给朋友 也许他们也喜欢 And don’t forget to subscribe to the mailing list on proko.com别忘了在proko.com上订阅通知 to get the latest and greatest tutorials.可以收到最新最棒的教学视频 See you next week.下周见 为此 我需要一颗蛋 为此 我需要一颗蛋 哎呀 不好意思 我需要一颗蛋 嗯 完美
  • 2021-09-15怎样画好超级马里奥嗨 朋友们 你们知道马里奥日是三月十日吗Hey, our friends. Did you know that Mario Day is March 10th? 这是因为’March’的缩写 就是’MAR’That’s because when you abbreviate March, it’s MAR. 然后在’MAR’的后面加上个10 10看起来有点像IOAnd then when you put 10 at the end of it, it looks like IO. 这样一拼就是’MARIO’了It looks like it spells out Mario. 想想还挺酷的 那么今天我们就来画马里奥吧I thought that was really cool, so today we’re gonna draw Mario. 我准备在白纸上画马里奥We’re gonna draw Paper Mario. 希望大家跟着我一步一步来So I hope you’re gonna follow along with me. 首先准备记号笔和几张纸You got a marker and some paper. 接下来我们将要进行第一步Now, we’re gonna take this lesson one step at a time 我会尽量画的容易又好看 方便那些刚入门的朋友们and try to keep it nice and easy for our young art friends. 如果我要是画的太快But if I ever go too fast, 请记住可以暂停视频 多花点时间来看remember you can pause the video, if you need extra time. 我们首先在这画他的鼻子We’ll start by drawing his nose right here, 尽量在纸张中间靠上的地方in the middle of the paper, but towards the top. 这样方便多出足够的地方来画他的身体And that’s so that we have enough room for his body down here. 我打算画个字母’C’当做他的鼻子So we’re gonna draw the letter “C” and this is for his nose. ‘C’尽量画的闭合些Now we want to close down the “C” just a little further. 然后画眼睛Then we’re gonna draw his eye. 先画左眼 左眼在鼻子后面And we’re first gonna draw the left eye and it’s behind his nose. 画一个椭圆So we’re gonna draw an oval 然后上色and then we’re gonna color it in. 可以把它描的高一点Now I’m gonna draw this a little taller, 所以多涂几下 让眼睛更高些so I can go over it again and draw that eye taller. 现在画右眼Now let’s draw his right eye. 同样画个椭圆And we’re gonna draw the same oval, 但要画的大一点except we’re gonna draw more of it 因为右眼没有被鼻子挡住because it’s not being hidden by his nose. 画个椭圆We’re gonna draw an oval, 大约这么大about that size 然后也上色and we can color that one in too. 再来画他酷酷的胡子Now let’s draw his really cool mustache. 从鼻子的这里起笔We’re gonna start here on his nose. 画一道接近眼睛的曲线I’m gonna draw a curve that comes up, close to his eye. 然后在胡子的底部Now we’re gonna draw the bottom part of his mustache. 画几个相连的’U’We’re gonna draw “U”s that are connected to each other. 先画三个’U’We’re gonna draw three “U”s first. 一个 两个 三个So, one… two… three. 然后差不多胡子就画到底了and we’re really close to the end of the mustache, 我们用一个更大一点的’U’连起来but we’re gonna connect it with one more “U”, 像这样 画好啦just like that, to finish it. 接下来是嘴巴Next we’re gonna draw his mouth. 要画一个长一点的’U’We’re gonna draw another “U” that’s a little taller 先向下 再合起来and it comes down, back up. 接下来画马里奥的舌头And then we’re gonna draw his tongue 要在嘴巴里面 就像这样inside of his mouth, just like that. 好了 完美Alright, cool! 看起来有点像马里奥了Starting to look like him. 在嘴巴下面我们要接着画下巴Well, we’re gonna draw his chin underneath his mouth. 再来个’U’形So it’s gonna be another “U” shape 曲线向下 再向上that curves under and comes back up. 最后在这Now, right here on the end, 我们画个反向的’C’做为耳朵we’re gonna draw a backward “C” for his ear 大约和鼻子差不多大and it’s about the same size as his nose. 从这开始 画个大大的反向的’C’We’ll start here. We’re gonna drop a big backwards “C”. 在耳朵里面Now inside of his ear, 再画个和大’C’相对的小’C’let’s draw another “C” going the other direction, forward “C”. 在这 我们可以画一条线And then right here, we could draw a little line inside, 这看起来像个’E’almost looks like the letter “E”. 现在来画前额Now let’s draw his forehead. 从鼻子这起笔We’re gonna come back up to his nose. 在眼睛前面画一根线Now we’re gonna draw a little line just in front of his eyes. 接下来画他的帽子Now we’re ready to draw his hat. 先画帽子的前面部分We’re gonna draw the front of his hat. 帽舌伸出去The visor comes out, 然后反转画曲线and then it’s gonna curve back around 一直延伸到耳朵and all the way down to his ear. 这条线比较光滑Now if that lines are a little tricky, 你可以暂停视频慢慢画you could always pause the video to take extra time to draw that line. 现在帽舌要收尾了Now we’re gonna finish the visor. 从这起笔We’re gonna start right here. 画一条S型的线And we’re gonna draw an “S” line. 先向上倾斜So we’re gonna curve up first 然后向下靠近眼睛and then back down close to his eye 然后在后内刃这连接and now we’re gonna connect it back in. 留一个缺口画连鬓胡子And we wanna leave a little gap for his sideburns, 在耳朵的右边right in front of his ear. 现在继续画未完的前额Next we’re gonna draw the rest of his forehead 向上弯曲连到帽子coming up and curving into his hat. 在末端上色 就这And then we could color in this bottom part. Right here. 接下来是帽子的顶部Now we could draw the top of his hat. 向上画一条长长的曲线We’re gonna draw a big curve that comes up 然后向下 离耳朵相当近and then back down, and it gets really close to his ear, 但它们并没有挨着but it doesn’t touch, doesn’t connect. 然后是帽子的后面Now I could draw the back of his hat. 一点点的小凸起 与耳朵相连And it’s just a little bump comes out and connects to his ear. 帽子前面画个圆Next let’s draw this circle on the front of his hat. 也就是马里奥的’M’This is where the “M” is for Mario. 这个圆并不是全部都相连We’re gonna draw a circle but it doesn’t connect all the way. 只是大半段弧It’s just part of a circle 因为下面是帽舌because the rest of it is behind his visor. 接下来 就是连鬓胡子了Okay, now we’re gonna draw his sideburns. 从帽子这引两条曲线We’ll draw two curves that come out from his hat. 在这 画一个反向的’3′Then right here, we’re gonna draw a backwards 3 来连接这两条线to connect the two lines. 好了 整个面部我们就画完了All right, we did it. We finished drawing his face. 稍后 我们要用红色铅笔来画马里奥的’M’Now later, we’re gonna add an “M” with our red colored pencil. 但首先我们先画他的身体和手臂But first let’s come down here and finish his body and his arms. 现在这一旁画个’U’So we’re gonna draw a sideways “U”. 这几乎是个倒着的’U’It’s almost an upside-down “U”. 其实这个条胳膊This is for his arm. 在尾端我们要画他的手Now we could draw his hand at the end of his arm. 画一条曲线分别与两边相连We’ll draw a curve that connects these two lines. 然后是拇指Now we’re gonna draw his thumb. 看起来像’U’的一边Looks like a sideways “U”. 然后向下And then down here, at the bottom, 换一个方向画一道曲线let’s draw another curve going the other direction. 这只手握起来想个拳头Now this hand is closed like a fist. 再来一道曲线So we’re gonna draw another curve 一直延伸 直至画完整个手that comes all the way around and completes his hand. 他有手套并且He has gloves and he’s got these two 上面有两个标记little marks on the top of his hand. 画两个雨滴的形状So we’re gonna draw raindrop shapes, two of them, 彼此相靠right next to each other, 然后上色and then we’re gonna color them in. 接下来要画他的身体了Now we’re ready to draw his body. 从下巴开始We’re gonna start at his chin. 画一个大半圆一直延伸We’re gonna draw a big half circle that comes all the way around. 从这开始So we’re gonna start here, all the way around 一直到连接手and then we’re gonna connect into his hand. 然后是工装裤Next we’re gonna draw his overalls. 画一个和这差不多的圆 但要更小点So we’re gonna draw another shape just like this one, but a lot smaller. 从手臂这边开始We’re gonna start right next to his arm. 一直延伸到手腕We’re gonna come around and connect to his wrist. 然后在下巴这 画个方形的’U’Then we’re gonna draw a square “U”, just under his chin. 先下再上We’ll go down over and then back up. 在腹部这 有两个纽扣 黄色的On his belly, he has two buttons, yellow buttons. 先画个圆We’re gonna draw a circle first. 这个圆有点大It’s a pretty big circle. 然后在这画个椭圆And we’re gonna draw as an oval. 这是侧边的纽扣Well, this is the button that’s sideways. 在他身体的另一边It’s on the other side of his body. 要保证这个纽扣的高度And we wanna make sure that the height of that button 和这个圆一样is the same as the circle that we drew. 身体我们就画完了We finished his body. 现在画后面的那只胳膊Let’s draw his other arm back here, 好像他准备要去锤东西一样like he’s getting ready to punch something. 从胸部这画条斜线So we’re gonna draw a diagonal line coming out of his chest. 然后是手套We’ll draw the end of his glove next. 画一条曲线连着他的手臂Draw a little curve that connects to his arm 另一头连着胡子and then into his mustache. 然后是手指Now let’s draw his thumb 从鼻子这开始and it’s coming out of his nose. 直接在鼻子外画个’U’It’s a U-shape coming right out of his nose. 然后是剩下的手And then we’re gonna draw the rest of his hand. 向下 画出手指So it’s gonna come down, out of the thumb. 再弯向上连到鼻子And it’s gonna come around and then connect back to his nose. 现在 这里 在底部这Now, down here, at the bottom, 我们要把手指和手套末端连起来we need to connect his fingers to the end of his glove. 所以画一条曲线到这So we’ll draw another curve that comes in and then stop. 不要连上胡子So we don’t wanna connect to his mustache. 现在缺脚没画Now he’s missing his feet. 我们下面画脚Let’s draw those next. 画一个‘U’ 在这儿 拳头下面We’re gonna draw a U-shape, right here, underneath his fist. 从这开始We’re gonna start here. 画一个大‘U’ 向下Draw a big U-shape, comes down, 然后往上 连到手套and then comes back up and connects to his glove. 然后要画鞋底Then we need to draw the bottom of his shoes. 从手套再画一条线出来So we’re gonna draw another line that comes out of his glove. 这儿会有一点隆起And it’s gonna have a little bump right here. 然后我们往外画And then we’ll come back out 再往内到鞋头and into the front of his boot. 现在画左脚Now let’s draw his left foot. 我们要画一个开口向下的‘U’We’re gonna draw an upside down “U”. 从纽扣这儿开始We’re gonna start where his button is. 画一个开口向下的‘U’ 出来然后往下We’re gonna draw an upside down “U” that comes out and then down. 再画脚后跟 折回来Then we’re gonna draw his heel, comes in. 我们不想画到他的肚子And we’re… we don’t wanna touch his belly yet. 我们画一点到鞋子的末端We’re gonna draw a little end to a shoe. 所以再画一条曲线 像个字母‘L’So another curve that comes in, looks like the letter “L”. 现在要画鞋底或者靴底Okay, now we need to draw the bottom of his shoe or his boot. 我们画……出来 向下We’re gonna draw… comes out and down. 在末端这儿 开始画鞋跟And then right at the end, we’re gonna draw his heel. 突出去 再画回来Comes back out and then back in. 好了!我们把马里奥画完了We did it! We finished drawing Mario. 还挺神气的He turned out awesome, 不过上色的话 他会更酷except he’s gonna look so much cooler, once we color him. 这一部分我会快进Now this part I’m gonna fast forward, 不过在最后 你们可以暂停视频 涂上相同的配色but at the end, you guys can pause it to match the same color. 现在上色已经完成了Now I’m all finished coloring and I also forgot to 我忘了画耳朵下面的一点头发draw the last little bit of hair right below his ear. 所以你们可以加上一条曲线 然后填上棕色So you guys can add that in with a curve and then color that brown. 我希望你们现在把视频暂停I hope you guys are gonna pause the video right now, 把相同的涂色配上to match the same coloring. 你的画上色之后看起来会好上很多It looks so much better when your drawing is all colored in. 希望和我一起画画 你们能享受到乐趣I hope you had a lot of fun following along with me 然后画出你自己的马里奥and drawing your own Mario. 我们下次再见 观众朋友们 拜拜And we’ll see you later, our friends. Goodbye. 如果您喜欢跟学这个课程If you had fun following along in this lesson, 请确认您已经点击订阅了我们YouTube上的频道be sure to subscribe to our YouTube channel by clicking the circle. 点击小钟 每次我们上传新视频会给您消息推送Then you can click the bell to get notified every time we upload new videos. 我也挑选了另外的两个课程 我觉得您可能会喜欢I’ve also picked up these two other lessons I thought you’d really enjoy. 别忘记给您孩子完成的作品拍一张照Don’t forget to take a photo of your child’s finished artwork 把它分享到Facebook Instagram和推特上and share it on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter, 因为我们想知道它会有多棒because we wanna see how awesome it turned out.
  • 2021-09-14绘画测量技巧The first and most important part of a figure drawing is the layin.画人体时的第一步 也是最关键的步骤 就是起型 Without a good layin you rarely end up with a good drawing.起型不好很难画出优秀的作品 《Proko画室》 测量技巧 In the last lesson we learned the average proportions of the body.上节课我们讲了人体的平均比例 The problem with that is when the body moves out of the static soldier pose, those measurements问题是当人体不再以军姿形态站立时 change the way they’re are perceived by our eye.平均比例会在视觉角度的影响下发生变化 Foreshortening changes these relationships.透视关系改变了尺寸的相关性 If drawing from imagination画想像出来的人物时 you can remember the proportions 可以记住比例 and do your best to apply perspective to them.尽量把透视关系画准 If drawing from a reference photo or a model如果是在临摹或写生 we are given the opportunity to measure.就有机会用测量的方法 A direct way to transfer the effects of perspective to our drawing.直接的把透视效果转移到画上 Measuring is exclusive to observational drawing测量法只在观察式绘画时使用 and you won’t use it so much when drawing from imagination,自由创作时一般用不上它 but it’s important to practice because但是练习测量法很重要 it tunes your eye to what’s correct.它可以训练你观察的准确度 Measure with your Pencil铅笔测量法 We can use all sorts of measuring tools 有很多测量工具可供选择 like calipers or string.比如卡尺或弦尺 I like to use the tool already in my hand – the pencil!我喜欢用已经拿在手里的工具 铅笔 1.Hold your arm straight out, without bending the elbow.第一步 手臂向前伸直 肘部不要弯曲 Bending the elbow will bring the measurement肘部弯曲会让测量工具靠近眼睛 closer to your eye and increase the size.使尺寸相对变大 The measurement will be consistent if the elbow is locked.固定肘部能保持测量数据的一致性 2.Tilt your head to bring the eyes as close as possible第二步 将头歪向拿铅笔的那侧 to the pivot point at your shoulder.尽量贴近肩关节 This is important to keep 这个步骤很重要 the measurements consistent throughout the whole subject.能让整体测量数据保持一致 If you dont do this. When measuring around the top of the pose, 不然的话 测量对象顶部区域时 the pencil will be closer to your eyes and 铅笔会靠近眼睛 when measuring around the feet it will be farther from your eyes.而测量脚部区域时就会远离眼睛 This difference in the distance makes the measurements inconsistent.距离的变化让测量数据不一致 Keep your eye near the shoulder to minimize this.将眼睛靠近肩膀 能最小化这种误差 3.Close one eye.第三步 闭上一只眼 4.Use the tip of the pencil as the top point of whatever第四步 不管测量对象是什么 you’re measuring and put your thumb at the bottom point.总是用笔尖当顶点 用拇指来决定底边所在 5.Now that you have the unit, you can compare第五步 这样就有了基本单位 it to another part of the figure. 用基本单位来对比其他区域 For example, it’s very common to count how many head lengths fit in the height of the pose.比如说 通常会用“几头身”来计算造型的高度 Move your measurement down below the chin将基本测量单位移到下巴处 and note where your thumb is.记住拇指边缘的位置 Repeat that down the figure and count the units.重复这个步骤 数数一共有多少单位 This pose is 7.5 heads tall.这个造型有7.5个头部高度 You can do this to measure relationship of除了用头部高度 anything in the pose, not just the head.也可以用其他位置来做参考 You can say the length of this arm is 你可以说左边的胳膊长度 the same as the length of the lower leg跟左边小腿部分是一样的 or whatever works for the pose.怎么方便怎么来 The approach I’m suggesting here does NOT require that the size you measured 我推荐的这个方法并不是说 with the pencil be directly transferred to the paper at the same size.你一定要画的和铅笔量到的尺寸一模一样 That would be called the sight-size method,那种方法叫等比例画法 where the drawing is the same size as the subject you are seeing.就是指眼睛看到的尺寸和画出来的一样 Measuring Relationships测量对比关系 The approach I’m showing today involves measuring relationships今天要教的方法跟测量对比关系有关 to make the composition fit on the size surface you’re working on.让构图跟你的作画空间相匹配 We’ve established that the pose is 7.5 head talls.现在已经知道 这个造型的整体高度是7.5个头位 The size of our paper allows the pose to be about this big, 画纸的尺寸决定了造型的大小 so mark the top and bottom.标出最高处和最低处 Then break it up into 7.5 units.然后均分成7.5个单位 That tells you how big the head should be on the page 这样就知道在画纸上 头部应该画多大 and you have points for all the places 其他基本单位的位置 where the head units lie on the pose.以及造型与之相对的位置也有了参考 Doing this helps to prevent one of the most common rookie mistakes,这样做能避免新人最容易犯的错误 progressively drawingthings bigger as you go down the page, 越往下画 画的越大 or smaller as you go down the page.或者越往下画 画的越小 This happens because we get tunnel-vision.这种错误是由视野狭窄导致的 We focus on the small portion of the drawing we are currently working on.在画画时 当我们的注意力只放在细节上 We relate things only to the things near them 就会只留意到它跟近处局部的关系 instead of the whole picture.而不是跟整体的关系 And if we tend to measure things slightly bigger than they really are, 所以测量时 尺寸但凡偏大了一点点 the drawing will slowly get bigger and bigger 整幅画就会越往下画 as we work our way down the page.逐渐变得越来越大 Relating the whole thing first is a way to 整体对比的方法 step back and look at the big picture.首先就是要向后退一步 从整体观察作品 Make sure the foundation works before we add the parts.在进入细节刻画之前 确保起型是准确的 Already this tells us a lot and it makes这样已经有了不少参考点 measuring the rest of the figure much easier.对身体其他部位的测量会容易很多 We can also rotate the head unit horizontally 也可以把头部高度横过来 and do the same thing for the width of the pose.用它来确定造型的宽度 Notice how in this pose the head is closer to the left side.这个造型里 头部是偏向左边的 Avoid putting it in the exact center by default, 不要想当然的把头部画到最中间 since that could create an unbalanced composition.否则会导致画面布局失衡 Think about the placement of the drawing vertically AND horizontally.要从竖向和横向 整体考虑画面布局 At this point you could also find the center point of the pose这时候 可以通过均分高度和宽度 by dividing the height and width in half.找出造型的中心点 Then find where that center point is on the model.然后找到模特身上的中心点 In this pose the center point is about here in his right glute.这个造型里 中心点在模特右臀处 Shapes and Angles造型和角度 With the head units in place, we can start drawing in the shapes.确定基本位置之后 就可以开始造型了 Start with the largest shapes and use simple lines.先用简单的线条 勾勒出大体形状 The largest shape we can use is what’s called the Envelope.可以用“信封”来勾勒外轮廓 Use large angles connecting the outside points of the whole pose.把整个造型的外缘点 用大角度的线条连接起来 Imagine if the pose was gift wrapped.就好比造型是用礼品纸包起来的 Doing this allows you to look at the big picture这样做可以从整体入手 and establish its perimeter. 确定造型的边界线 Everything else should fit inside this shape.人物的身体都应在这个形状之内 Now start observing the next largest shapes along of the body.接下来由大到小 观察身体部位的大致形状 Focus on getting the angles right with simple gesture lines.用简单的姿势线条 画出准确的造型角度 Remember that a gesture line can be 姿势线条可以是直线 either a straight line, C curve or S curve.也可以是C曲线或者S曲线 It should capture the motion of the form.通过姿势线条表现造型的动态 This allows you to get the big picture working 这个方法可以在深入细节之前 without committing to any details.让整体画面更加准确 You can easily make corrections as you go.在过程中可以随时调整 Once you start adding subtleties in the contours, 一旦开始在轮廓线中增加细节 it’s less likely that you will change things, 就不太需要做什么调整 and if you do, it’s more time consuming如果角度不准确 就需要花费很多时间修改 because you have to redo all the details.因为你得重画所有细节 So, “keep it simple stupid” and worry only about the major relationships at first.所以 记住KISS原则 首先考虑画面的大关系 It’s also a good idea to keep your lines thin and light.起型下笔要轻一些 画的浅一点 Most of these initial construction lines will need to be erased later,大多数结构线最后都需要擦掉 so if you draw dark thick lines, you’ll end up with a very messy drawing.所以画的太深太重 会让画面变得很脏 Though we are drawing gesture lines here, 这里虽然画了姿势走向线 it’s a bit different from the 30 second- 5 minute quicksketches 但这和我们课程最初讲的 we did in the beginning of this course.30秒-5分钟的速写画法是不一样的 In the quicksketches, we were not too concerned about the proportions.在速写中 我们表现的重点不在身体比例上 Only the motion and energy.而是在人物的动作和活力上 It’s hard to get accurate proportions in a 30 seconds sketch.30秒的速写很难准确画出身体比例 In this lesson we are much more concerned about proportions.这节课我们要重点研究的是身体比例 As a result we will lose some gesture because 因为今天不会对动作做夸大的处理 we’re not exaggerating as much, or not at all.就会忽略掉一些动态的细节 It’s a side effect of careful measuring.这也是细致测量法的副作用 Usually, my goal is to construct accurately 通常我的目标是 在准确起型的同时 while capturing as much gesture as possible. 尽可能的捕捉动态姿势 Plumb Lines垂线 A plumb line is an exact vertical line that 垂线是一条绝对垂直的线 you can drop to see alignments within the pose.可以用来校准姿势 If drawing from a model we can 如果是模特写生 actually use a string with a weight at the end 可以用一条尾部挂铅坠的线 to determine a perfect vertical.做出完美的垂直线 Here we see that the acromion 这里可以看到 process aligns with the inside of the heel.肩峰和脚跟内侧是在一条垂直线上 Also the armpit aligns with the outside of the knee, and ball of the foot.…腋窝和膝盖外侧 还有脚掌也在一条垂直线上 We can also use horizontal alignments.也可以用水平校准线 Horizontal and vertical measurements are more accurate than angles.水平和垂直校准测量 要比角度测量准确度高 They are much easier to get right 用这个方法更容易画的准确 because you can align them with the edge of the paper因为你可以用纸的边缘来校准 and we tend to have a pretty clear vision 而且我们对垂直和水平的概念 in our mind of a horizontal and vertical.会更容易理解 Subtle angle variations can make a big difference.角度的细微变化对结果影响很大 Such as measuring an angle from the head to the shoulders to find the width of the shoulders.比如说 要通过头部和肩膀的角度来确定肩膀的宽度 If your angle is slightly off on both sides, 只要两边的角度略有偏差 the shoulders end up being wider or narrower than you intended.肩膀就会比你想画的更宽或更窄 It’s ok to use angle relationships,用对比关系角度是没问题的 I do all the time, 我自己也经常用 just keep in mind that there’s more room for error.只需要记住 用这种方法出错的几率很大 Double check them when possible with verticals and horizontals.要尽可能利用水平和垂直校准法反复检查 Triangulation三角测量法 Something that might help to measure angles is triangulation 三角测量法能更好的进行角度测量 measuring angles of 3 points instead of 2.不同于用两点测量角度 这里用三点 If we’ve determined these 2 points to be correct 如果已知这两点的位置是准确的 and we’re trying to find the placement of a third,需要确定第三点的位置 we can estimate the angle from one point and then the other.可以预测一下已知两点与第三点的角度 If these two estimates don’t match, 如果预测的结果和实际不符 well then we have to re-measure them.那就只能重新测量了 The actual point is probably somewhere in between.准确的位置可能在之间的某个位置 Then we can look at the triangle shape made 然后可以将这几个点构成的三角形 by these points and compare that.跟参考图对比 This gives us another chance to catch a mistake 这样除了对比线条角度 还可以对比形状 since we’re looking at a shape not just the angle of a line.我们又有了一次纠错的机会 Each Pose is Unique造型不同 测量方法亦不同 Each pose has its own solutions, relationships 每个造型都有适合自己的测量方法 that make the most sense to measure for that particular pose.以及独有的最合理的对比关系 For example, in this pose the length from比如说这个造型 the elbow to the fingertips is exactly 2 head units.肘部到指尖的长度正好是两个头部长度 However in this pose it’s not a nice whole number.但换个造型 这个对比关系就不是整数了 It’s a little bit less than two.比两个基本单位略小一些 So, you might need to look for other relationships 所以就得找与其他部位的对比关系 that will help you find that length.来帮你确定这个长度 A plumb line from the fingertips lines up with the edge of the pinky of the other hand.比如 手指尖和另一只手的小拇指在一条垂直线上 And the elbow lines up with the point directly in the middle of the chest.同时手肘和胸部正中心也是一条直线 It’s nice when things relate with whole numbers.当对比关系是整数的时候非常方便 But, sometimes you’ll need to take your best guess 但有时候 你只能尽可能的去估算 at “a little bit less than 2”. “比两个单位略少一点”应该画多长 And then check it with other relationships.然后跟其他关系交叉对比 Negative Shapes负形法 Another trick to find accurate shapes is to look at the negative shapes.准确起型的另一个窍门 是寻找负形 A negative shape is the space around or between the subject.负形是物体之间或周围的空间 It’s the background.属于背景的一部分 The shape here between the thighs is a triangular shape.在这里 大腿之间的形状是个三角形 This shape is easier for us judge then the shapes of the thighs themselves 相比大腿的形状 我们更能准确把握这个三角形 because we have less preconceived opinions 因为我们没有多少已知的形状 about what that shape should look like.能对大腿的形状进行描述 So, we are more likely to make an unbiased evaluation of the negative shapes.我们对负形的形状能描述的更准确一些 Trust Your Eyes相信你的眼睛 If something looks wrong, then it’s wrong, 不管你反复量了多少次 no matter how many times you measured it.如果看上去不对劲 那就是错的 The mistake might be between a relationship you didn’t measure 可能是你忘了测量某个对比关系 or the small margins of error in the measuring 或者测量时有小偏差 compounded to make a significant mistake.小错误累积变成了大错误 Being a millimeter off while holding the pencil up, 铅笔举起来时偏差1毫米 can add up to inches in your drawing.到画面上就会变成几英寸的误差 So, measuring will get you close, 测量能帮你画的接近准确 but its much more important to develop your eye 但更重要的是训练你的眼睛 to see relationships without a ruler.在没有尺子的情况下也能看准对比关系 Your eye can be a much better tool than a ruler.你的眼睛是比尺子更好的工具 The way to develop this is to do a lot of careful drawings 通过大量人体精准比例的绘画练习 focusing on getting accurate proportions.训练观察力的准确度 When you practice these exercises,在进行这些绘画练习时 it’s important to have a feedback loop.收到反复的反馈意见是非常重要的 Either have someone with a trained eye to check your drawing 要么找专业人士来检查你的作品 or have a method to check it yourself.要么自己找个办法来验证准确度 In the premium section I introduce two methods of practicing and checking yourself.在高级课程里 我会讲练习和自查的两个办法 Details细节 Now that all the major shapes are in place, 现在主要的形状都确定了 it’s safe to focus on the smaller parts可以放心的增加细节 and add the more subtle plane changes along the contours and within the forms.细致刻画轮廓边缘和肢体表面的细微变化 What about Gesture?姿势的表达 This episode has been about capturing accuracy.这个视频讲的是准确度 But how important is accuracy?准确度有多重要? That’s up for debate of course..这个问题尚无定论 I don’t think the answer is the same for everyone.我觉得每个人的答案也都不一样 How much do you want to change your reference?你想对参考图片做多少改动 How important is it that you capture the exact likeness of the subject?画的和原画一模一样很重要吗? Or is it more important to capture the feeling in an expressive way?还是表现出原画的精髓更重要? There’s a balance to this and that’s partly what determines your style.这是需要平衡的 也决定了你的画风 In the early stages of your learning process focus on complete accuracy.在学画的初级阶段 重视准确性 Make it as perfect as possible to tune your eye尽可能画的一模一样 and to develop the ability to draw accurately.来训练观察力的准确度 Don’t choose to be more expressive没有掌握准确度之前 simply because you’re not capable of accuracy yet. 不要着急去表达风格 Expand your abilities so that you have the choice.只有多面发展你的能力 才有机会选择 Lean towards accuracy when the job requires it出于工作需要时 倾向准确性 or you lean towards expression when the artwork calls for it.而在出于艺术需要时 倾向表达 For practice, start by separating the two concepts练习时 要把这两种理念分开 Do longer careful drawings focusing on getting accurate proportions花更多时间练习比例精准度的绘画 And do shorter sketches focusing on gesture用速写练习姿态的表达 Eventually the two will mold together and be part of your thought process.最终这两种理念会融合在你的思考过程中 Ultimately during each stroke 到最后你画的每一笔 you will be making subconscious decisions considering both accuracy and expression.都在下意识的考虑准确度和情感表达 In the next video I’ll show you how to use 下一个视频我会教大家 these principles in an actual figure drawing.如何在真正的人物绘画中运用这些方法 I’ll take you step by step through the whole process.我会带你分步骤完成整个作品 This video is available in the Premium Section.在高级课程中可以看到这个视频 I also show you 2 methods of practicing measuring and checking yourself.同时还会教你两种测量练习和自查的方法 So if you’re interested in seeing that and the rest of the Figure Drawing Fundamentals如果你对人物绘画基础的其他课程感兴趣 Course, check out proko.com/figure.请访问proko.com/figure The Full course has extended versions and a lot of examples from the lessons like, gesture,整个课程都有升级版 以及大量课程及案例 structure, bean, robo bean, mannequinization, balance, 课程包括姿态 结构 体块造型 机器豆造型 雾化效果 exaggeration, proportion, measuring and shading.平衡 夸张表达 比例 测量 以及明暗关系 A lot of information and it’s very affordable.海量信息 价格实惠 Proko.com/figure.尽在Proko.com/figure If you like this video, share the wealth, tell your friends.如果你喜欢这个视频 请分享给你的朋友 Post it on your favorite social network.发到你喜欢的社交网站上 Click this button here to subscribe to the Proko newsletter 点击订阅Proko新闻 if you want to be updated about new videos.不要错过新视频更新 bye bye再见
  • 2021-09-14为警方绘制嫌疑人画像的画家我成为警方的素描专家的原因是因为 我在21岁的时候 有一个人为了寻乐而想要杀死我 我是Lois Gibson 69岁 我为坏人画像 我有在可怕的犯罪中 记得犯罪嫌疑人的面孔的证人 我通过他们的回忆进行画像 以便警察可以找到坏人 一个陌生人曾经对我有长达25分钟的折磨 并试图把我勒死 我知道被杀死的感觉是什么样的 所以我必须说服让警方允许我进行画像 他们完全不相信我可以做到我说的能做到的事情 但是我证明了他们的想法是错的 自从那之后 每一个我参与的第三方画像 都能破解犯罪案件 谋杀 强奸 抢劫 刺伤 我帮助了超过1000起罪大恶极的罪犯的辨认工作 这项工作很有治愈性 每一次我抓到这些犯罪嫌疑人中的一个时 我就能从我被袭击的创伤中走出来一些 《人生百态》 现在就订阅吧 更多内容↓
  • 2021-09-14和Aaron Blaise一起在野外写生There’s a blue heron right there.那儿有一只蓝鹭 Well, there’s a coffee all over me.哦 那是…… 我身上全是咖啡 I literally just poured coffee all over myself.我刚刚竟然把咖啡洒到了身上 I was like– there’s a plane, I’m like where?我刚刚……有人说天上有飞机 Just poured coffee.然后我问 哪啊 就洒了 – Did you bring any paper towers? – Nope.– 你有带纸巾吗? – 没有 Proko画室 This video is brought to you by Squarespace本视频由Squarespace赞助 the website builder with all the tools you needSquarespace主营网站搭建 提供全部所需工具 to create your own site to showcase and sell artwork.帮助您创建网站 用于展示出售您的艺术作品 Hey guys! Welcome to Proko. My name is Stan Prokopenko.大家好!欢迎来到《Proko画室》 我是Stan Prokopenko I got Aaron Blaise here again今天我又请来了Aaron Blaise – and we’re at… – The Lake Woodruff Wildlife Refuge.– 现在我们在…… – 伍德罗夫湖野生动物保护区 And we’re gonna be drawing, hopefully alligators,我们今天要画…… 希望是短吻鳄 but all I’ve seen are bugs, ants and trees.但我满眼看去都是虫子 蚂蚁和树 – We’re in Florida by the way. – Yeah.– 我们在佛罗里达州呀 – 嗯嗯 -Yeah. – So… but he promised me alligators.– 嗯 – 嗯……但他跟我保证能看到短吻鳄 Alligators and bugs, I guarantee that短吻鳄和小虫子 我保证 you can get those in Florida.你在佛罗里达绝对能见到 While I was in Florida, I also got a chance to record我在佛罗里达时 还有幸记录下了 Aaron’s masterpiece demoAaron在绘制一头狮子的过程中展现的 of a lion.大师级水准 We recorded the whole two day process我们录下了耗时整整两天的 of drawing a large animal portrait大型动物肖像的绘画全过程 plus a lesson on big cat anatomy.同时也上了一堂大型猫科动物的解剖课 You can find that at proko.com/blaise.登录proko.com/baise即可查看 All right, we’re gonna go draw.好了 我们要去画画了 If you look really deep along the edges,如果你仔细盯着河边看 sometimes you’ll see a gator hiding up in the grasses.有时你会发现有只鳄鱼藏在草丛里 People will walk by and never know that it’s there.人们经过时 根本不知道有只鳄鱼在那儿 But that bird up there, that’s called the Double-crested Cormorant.你看上面那只鸟 叫作双冠鸬鹚 You see he’s trying to get rid of the heat.你看他在想办法给自己散热 He’s opening his mouth and panting.张大嘴巴 气喘吁吁 So, where’s the spot?那我们在哪儿写生呢? I was gonna take you on a little walk through the woods up here.我会带你穿过这片树林 Okay, sounds fun.好 听起来不错 Is that okay? We’ll just walk around for a little while.怎么样?我们走一小会儿? Do you trust me?你信任我吗? Come on, poke your heads up.来吧 探出你的头来 They get these really great red spot它们头顶上的红点 on the top of their head.非常漂亮 I don’t have a red pencil…我没带红色铅笔 Doesn’t help. 不行啊 – But see, I painted in red. – Oh yeah.– 但是你看 我画出来了 – 哦 是 You just put a black dot.你直接画了个黑点 I got the groove, yeah.我状态不错 嗯 I think I found a good shape. I like the shape.我觉得这轮廓不错 我挺喜欢的 I like that shape.这个轮廓不错 This is a bad shape.这个不怎么样 Oh, they’re coming in.哦 它们靠近了 – Oh dude, this is great! – Yeah.– 哥们 这太美了! – 是啊 Oh, this is awesome!哇 真的超赞! – This is where the shapes are. – Yeah.– 这里各种形状都有 – 对 So this just loops around, comes back.这片树林是环湖生长的 This is Florida’s only native palm tree right here.这种树是佛罗里达本地唯一一种棕榈树 – Oh yeah? – It’s also our state tree. Yeah.– 哦 是吗? – 也是我们的州树 嗯 – It looks a lot like – – It’s called the Sabal palm.– 它看起来跟…… – 叫作菜棕 – a lot of other palm trees跟别的棕榈树很像 Now, and then the black bears will actually pull the center out.……黑熊会把中心拽出来呢 – Centre of what? – The center of the palm tree.– 什么中心? – 棕榈树的中心部分 The small ones, they’ll actually put it right out, and they’ll eat it.那些小棵的 它们会直接拽出来吃掉 We call it swamp cabbage.我们叫它沼地卷心菜 – And it’s good? – It’s really good actually.– 好吃吗? – 其实真的相当好吃 Wish we could find one.希望我们能找到一个 If we had a chainsaw,如果我们有链锯就好了 cause we’ve cut them off… we cut them off with the chainsaws这样就能把它锯下来 then you peel it back.然后再把树皮剥落 If you run your hand up or down… Feel that.如果你把手放在树皮上来回摩擦……感受下 Just push against it and move your hand up a little.就放在上面 然后往上挪一点 – Uh! Well, I can’t move it. – Exactly.– 哇!我动不了了 – 没错 When I was a kid, I shimmied up one我小时候曾经爬上去过 and then slid down…然后滑下来的时候…… – Oh! Goddamn it. – Yeah, it was bad.– 哦! 我去 – 是啊 惨不忍睹 Is that what happened to your balls?所以你的蛋蛋…… Yeah…嗯…… They grew five sizes that day.都磨肿了 Yeah, this is cool. You wanna stop at some point?哇 这里好美 我们要在前面停一会儿吗? – This is actually – wow! – These are called black oaks.– 这真的是…… 哇! – 这叫黑橡树 Dude, you don’t want to draw here?哥们 你不想在这画画吗? We can if you want.你想画也可以啊 Cause it’s like… is there something… are you looking for animals?可我觉得…… 你是不是…… 你在找动物吗? I was looking… I was gonna draw a marsh.我在找……我打算画湿地 – Oh, there’s a marsh down there? – Yeah.– 哦 这里有湿地? – 对呀 I was thinking we could go back around under those oak trees,我在想我们可以绕回到橡树那边 and sit in the shade under the oak trees. – Okay, cool.– 坐在橡树的树荫底下 – 好 没问题 – But we can draw in here too if you want. – No.– 但如果你想在这儿画 也可以 – 不了 不了 That looks like a… the back of it like a dolphin.那个看起来好像…… 背面好像一只海豚 Well, you know what we used to do with…哈 你知道我们以前都是怎么…… I actually had a job cutting of these off the trees我以前有个工作 要把它们从树上剪下来 when they’re fresh就是长在树上还新鲜的时候 and then you put an eye here, an eye here,然后这儿安一只眼睛 这儿安一只眼睛 a red nose and you cut notches into it加上一个红鼻子 凿出凹口 and you get a Florida red nose reindeer就是一只佛罗里达红鼻驯鹿了 And we sold them as Christmas ornaments as a novelty for people.然后我们把这个当作圣诞节新式装饰品卖给人们 That’s how we made extra money.我们的外快就是这么挣来的 – What company is this? – This is our family.– 这是什么公司? – 就是家人一起弄的 That was half a mile.我们走了半英里了 – Oh, is that the pier right there–哦 那个是码头吗? that you were talking about?就是你说的那个? Wait, are we back where we–?等等 我们是回到了原来…… Yeah, we’re back where we started.是啊 回到了我们出发的地方 – Why did we do that? – Why not?– 为什么? – 为什么不呢? Well, I thought we were going in there to draw!我以为我们是要去那边画画 –No, I said I couldn’t find anything. –I thought there was like–– 不 我说了没找到什么可画的 – 我以为那边是…… Oh no, I was just… show you around.哦 不 我只是带你转转 – We literally just did a circle. – Yeah.– 我们真的就是绕了一圈 – 是啊 Look at the cranes are right there.快看那边的鹤 – Are we just back here, we’re gonna draw these again? – No.– 我们就回到这儿 再画一遍鹤吗? – 不 – Because that would. – We’re going for the alligators.– 因为那就太…… – 我们要去找短吻鳄 I want you guys to see alligators before we go.我希望走之前你们能见到 All right, all right.好的 好的 Do you wanna draw here or do you wanna go back你想在这儿画 to… underneath the oak trees over there?还是回到刚才橡树那边? This isn’t very inspiring.这不怎么让人振奋呀 you have to learn to look.哈哈 你要学会观察 – Now, that’s why I usually come out with like a long scope, – Yeah?– 这就是为什么通常我的画都是长视角 – 是吗? and sit and draw the birds from life,然后就像刚才我们画那些鹤一样 like we were just doing with the cranes.坐下来画那些鸟儿 That’s a really good one. See, these stalks.这真的很不错 看这些柄草 Yeah. Are these the tasty ones?嗯 这东西好吃吗? – Yeah. That’s a good one. – Okay. So, should I eat this one?– 嗯 好吃 口味很不错 – 噢 那我要尝尝吗? Well, we have to get it though.嗯 我们去摘一根吧 Give me some swamp cabbage.给我来点沼地卷心菜 – Here you go. – Oh, that one’s tasty?– 给你 – 哦 这个好吃? Just take a little bite off the end.先尝尝根部的地方 It smells like–这闻起来像…… Oh, come on. You can do it.你先试试看嘛 – just like leaves. All right.就像树叶的味道 好吧 Oh my god! It tastes like Mexican food.我的天!这吃着像墨西哥食物 It tastes like corn tortilla.吃起来像墨西哥玉米饼 No, I swear to god, it tastes like corn tortilla.真的 我发誓 像墨西哥玉米饼 – I don’t taste corn tortilla. – You don’t? Man!– 我尝着不像墨西哥玉米饼 – 不是吧? 大哥 – This one tastes a little perfumey. – Are they all different?– 我这根吃着很香 – 每一根味道都不一样吗? Yeah. The problem with stalk grass is是的 柄草最不好的一点就是 you can only eat about that much of it你就只能吃这么短的部分 – And then it gets too mushy? – Too fibery.– 其他的部分就太浓郁了? – 太糙了 – All right. Well, that was lunch. – Yeah, there you go.– 好吧 嗯 刚才那就是午餐了 – 对啊 Dang!我去! – The bumble bee on the pistil. – That’s a thick bumble bee.– 花蕊上有一只大黄蜂 – 超级肥的大黄蜂 Thicc!超大个! He’s just kind of sideways to us,他有点侧对着我们 so it’s no real depth to him.没什么立体感 Oh, he’s moving.噢 它动了 – I think I drew a hippo… – No you didn’t.– 我觉得我画成了河马 – 没有 没有 It’s pretty cool actually. It’s super close.其实看起来挺不错的 画得非常像 Taken out of your comfort zone, man. It’s good.走出舒适区 哥们 这很不错 – How did you do? – I know what I like less than cats.– 怎么样? – 我知道自己不怎么喜欢猫科动物 – Alligators? – Yeah.– 短吻鳄? – 对啊 I mean, the first pose was really cool, and then this…我想说 第一个姿势真的很好 然后这个 – he had the head got hidden, – I know.– 它的头部被挡住了 – 我明白 and I don’t know what I’m looking at.我不知道该看哪里 I don’t know where that far eye is. I don’t understand –我搞不清它两眼的宽度 看不明白 They’re actually kind of close together on the top of the head.其实它两只眼睛在头顶靠的很近 – That’s what I kind of thought from the front. – Yeah.– 从前侧看 我也这么想的 – 嗯 – Like the eyes are like in– – Yeah, that’s exactly right. Yeah, just like that.– 眼睛就像是在…… – 对 没错 就是那样的 But it looked weird because when I saw your drawing,但看着有点奇怪 因为我看你的画 it weren’t so close. It looks… but it looks better.画得没这么近 但看着……看着更好 It looks cooler when they were like–看起来会更酷 如果这样画…… I just — I screwed it up though,我就…… 其实我画砸了 cause they should be closer together.因为两只眼睛确实是要更近一点的 – Are you saying mine is better? – Yours is better.– 你是说我的画更好? – 是的 你的更好 Oh, he’s moving his tail.哦 它的尾巴在动 He’s moving his tail back and forth.它的尾巴在来回动 – I mean, I don’t know what I’m doing. – Looks good.– 我想说 我不知道我在干嘛 – 看着不错 I’m going to look if I can fix mine.我要看看能不能补救一下我的画 No dude, that looks good.不 哥们 看着挺好的 I’m not done.我还没画完 I’m thinking of adding some white sky.我想再加点白色的天空背景 The tree, trees, look, see?那树 那些树 看到了吗? Tree is something I can handle, and alligator.树我还是画得来的 还有短吻鳄 – That’s a good looking tree. – Out of my league, man.– 这树很漂亮 – 这还不是我强项 哥们 Do you see the bald eagles chasing each other?看到那些互相追逐的秃鹰了吗? I saw one, one of them.– 我看到一只 – 其中一只 One right there… Oh, there’s three.– 那儿有一只…… – 哦 那儿有三只 – Those two right there. – What is that third one?– 是那边的两只 – 那第三只是什么? – That’s a vulture. – Oh, okay.– 那是一只秃鹫 – 哦 这样 Those are bald eagles right there.那边那些才是秃鹰 How do you tell?你怎么看出来的? They just seem to me like wings.在我看来都是一对对翅膀 Yeah, you can tell by their–嗯 要分辨的话 可以通过他们的 first of all, by the way he’s flying首先 看他飞行的方式 he’s a light… a lot lighter flyer, he’s not as heavy.这只飞得很轻 飞得没那么重 There are heavier flyers,那些飞得更重一点 and you can see their white tails, white heads when they’re closer.而且飞近时你能看见他们白色的尾部和头部 You see how much they’re flapping?看到他们翅膀挥得有多重了吗? Well, that was it for Gator drawing.好了 以上就是画鳄鱼的全过程了 – You drew a gator in the wild. – I did.– 你在野外画了一只短吻鳄 – 是的 – Thank You Aaron. – Yes, I’m glad you got to come to Florida.– 谢谢你 Aaron – 嗯 很高兴你来到佛罗里达 Yeah, well, this is all vulture poop,是啊 嗯 这都是秃鹫屎 cause all the vultures hang out here at night.晚上他们全栖在这儿 – Wonderful. – Sort of the land welcoming committee.– 厉害 – 有点“保护区欢迎委员会”的意思 If you guys haven’t heard yet,告诉大家 he recorded a lion-drawing demo,这位录了一期画狮子的视频 It’s about this big and we have it available at proko.com/blaise, B-L-A-I-S-E.这么大一幅 各位可以在proko.com/blaise上找到 拼写是B-L-A-I-S-E Yap, it was fun.对 挺有趣的 It was…we recorded for two days,是的 我们录了两天 he goes over cat anatomy,复习了猫科动物解剖 shows you how to do it in charcoal, white charcoal学习怎么用炭笔来画 白色炭笔 Oh, on the mat board哦 在无光泽纸板上画的 – Mat board? – Yeah, acid-free mat board.– 无光泽纸板? – 对 无酸无光泽纸板 Nice and cheap, nice and durable.物美价廉 好用且耐用 You can draw on it, you can use a lot of it.你可以在上面画画 可以用很多张 You don’t have to worry about ruining it,不用担心画毁 but then it takes charcoal really well.但是很费炭笔 So if you want animator of Lion King to show you如果大家想看《狮子王》的画师 how to draw a realistic lion…教你如何画一头“真”狮子 – I mean, yeah, I mean, it’s true. – Yeah.– 我想说 对 嗯 说得没错 – 对 – Alright, see you guys. – Bye.– 好了 各位回见 – 再见 Aaron Blaise isn’t just a successful Disney animator,Aaron Blaise 不仅是一名成功的迪士尼画师 he’s also built his own business selling courses on his website.他还创建了自己的网站 推出付费课程 If you haven’t built a website yet,如果您还没有自己的网站 and you want to make money with your art并且希望用自己的艺术作品赚钱 you should check out my sponsor Squarespace.可以看看本期视频的赞助商Squarespace Squarespace isn’t just for building portfolios,Squarespace不仅可以帮您搭建作品集网站 along with the tools and support they provide you with还提供工具以及服务支持 they also have integrations with e-commerce tools同时 还提供综合电子商务工具 to help you turn your website into a viable business来帮助您将网站变现 Go to Squarespace.com for a free trial.登录网址Squarespace.com免费试用吧 And if you’re interested but what they have to offer,如果对他们提供的内容感兴趣 you can save 10% off your first purchase of website or domain通过下方链接 首次购买网站或域名可享受九折优惠 by using this link: Squarespace.com/proko.优惠链接是:Squarespace.com/proko Really?真要这样吗? Look at that…看着……
  • 2021-09-09默画挑战(直播)Drawing Proko Students默画直播挑战Drawing Proko Students Live Memory Sketch Challenge 嘿 欢迎大家来到琼斯课堂Hey everybody, welcome this is court jones here 今天我们将在这儿为你们画默画and today we’re going to be drawing memory sketches of you, 前段时间你们所提交的 自己的照片the proko students who submitted your photos some time ago. 这次默画只能Now memory sketching is were we 大致的看一下图片look at the photo for just a brief amount of time and 试着画出整个漫画形象try to draw the entire caricature 不能返回去看照片 完全凭记忆画totally from memory without referring back at the photo. 目的在于The purpose of that 正如我在主课上说的is,as I said in the main lesson 培养你们的视觉记忆is to just develop your visual memory, 直到你们有更好的视觉记忆till you have better visual recall. 因为在你画漫画时Because when you draw caricatures, 你看照片看的越多the more you look at the photo, I think 画的就越像肖像the tendency is to draw more portrait-like. 如果你想画得更夸张些If you want better exaggerations, 笔随心动you wanna draw more from your memory,or what you think 或者是你所认为的记忆中的这张脸 突出的地方you remember about the face, things that stood out. 当你画默画时When you do memory sketches 不要过于依赖照片and don’t rely on the photo as much 试着随性一点 并且在画画过程中不断尝试you tend to be more free and experimental in what your doing. 目前我也做过不少名人默画Now I’ve done a bunch of celebrity memory sketches,and 你也知道这在某行程度上 有一点作弊的意思you know that actually in a sense is cheating a little bit 因为这些名人我都挺熟的because I am familiar with all the celebrities I’ve drawn. 所以在我的大脑记忆库中So I have more that just that 3 second 对他们的脸部印象早已超过3秒或15秒or 15 second memory of their faces in my memory banks. 所以 我得画些不熟悉的脸 比如你们So, drawing people who’s faces are relatively unknown to me 你们这些在proko-hand的家伙们like you guys out there in proko-land, 事实上能更真实的检测我的默画水平is actually a much truer test of my memory sketching abilities. 我会向你们展示And I’ll show you more 当画画时 你可以有的想法of what you can expect when your drawing from memory I think. 那我们就开始吧So let’s go ahead and get started. 我希望你们所有人都能记住And I want you all just to keep in mind to 当我画这些的时候when I’m drawing these 不是为了达到完美的相像the point of these is not to get the perfect likeness. 它可不是一个必要的技能It’s not necessarily a technique thats going to 能够让你give you results that your going to put up 让你把画挂在墙上 装进文件on your wall and put in your portfolio. 这个练习仅为练手This exercise is just about doing the exercise, 就像是去体育馆锻炼its just like going to the gym to do the reps, 去举重 只是为了锻炼肌肉to lift the weights, its just building muscles. 所以 绝大多数的草图都将被丢弃So most of these sketches are going to be throwaways. 这个练习的真正价值是The true value in this exercise 仔细琢磨这些动作 练习它们is just going through the motions and doing it. 因为在你练习的过程中Because while your doing and practicing this, 对于你所画(的东西)的视觉记忆会不断改善you are improving your visual recall in what your drawing. 那就开始吧 让Stan进来So lets go ahead and let Stan come in 给我一个接一个地展示照片 然后拿走它们and show me the photos and take them away one by one. 看30秒30 second glance 先别画 先观察Don’t draw yet, just watch. 好了Ok. 在我的记忆中 她的短 宽脸和大眼睛很突出In my memory, what stands out was her short wide face and giant eyes. 所以我先画那些So I draw those frist. 为了使脸看起来大且宽就需要把鼻子和嘴巴变得更小To make a face seem big and wide, features like the nose and mouth become smaller. 我试图画好结构 注意对称性I still try to draw good structure and symmetry. 当你集中注意去记住那些相似之处的时候 很容易就忘记这些It’s easy to forget that when focusing on remembering alikeness. 我记得她脸上没多少阴影 所以我把阴影画的很小I recall there were no strong shadows on her face. So I keep the shading minimal 我正在设计发型 我只记得它又长又卷I am inventing the design of the hair. I only recall that is was long and wave 这画感觉还不错吧 稍微有点夸张 但还是很有趣The likeness feels pretty good! Anf the exaggeration, whilr mild, is still funny. 头部的角度不太对 但是对于这次练习不重要The angle of the head is wrong. But that’s not important for this exercise. 下次也许会把他的鼻子画短点 眼睛画宽点 让它们更狭长些Next time I will probably give a shorter nose and wider eyes that are farther apart. 看15秒Fifteen seconds glance 好的Ok. 我喜欢这个家伙的头部 他独特的外形 有让人难以忘记的形状I loved this guy’s head. He was a very distinctive likeness with memorable shapes. 短而宽的脸上 五官都挤在厚重的头发下It’s a short wide hair, with all of the features pushed down into the buttom under a massive head of hair. 在简单的画下他的姿态后 就用更黑的线条来表现那些形状After like least sketching in the gesture, I commit to those shapes with darker lines. 到了这个环节 我换了这么些默画 也算是热身完毕了I have done several of these memory sketches in this session, so I’m pretty warmed up. 当我认识到这种程度之后 我的大脑对看到的脸的反应会更敏捷When I’m warmed like this, my mind feels more responsive to the faces I see. 我的画看上去会显得更加自然而简洁And my drawings seem to come more naturally and easily. 我现在用的这个可以比晕翁桶更快地画出肖像的外形The values I’m adding now help me to definite the likeness more quickly than cross hatching can. 对我来说画的形状比值感觉很自然For me, painting the shapes with values feels very nature. 通过更多的线条更快的表达我的想法I can express what’s in my mind more quickly than I can with mere lines. 我们将在下节课中采用数位板绘画因为你们中许多人也都是这样做的We will cover digital painting in an upcoming lesson, because it may be that way for many of you too. 现在对比照片 我能看出我画的不是很好Looking at the photo I now see that my likeness definitely isn’t perfect. 我觉得我把右边画多了 因为其他速写的干扰我漏了很多细节I have the overall feeling right , I think. But as with many of my other memory sketches, I missed lots if the details. 如果想更进一步的改善这个画 我就应该换一个更大的外形给每个部分都留出空间If I want to take this sketch further and improve it, I would keep the big shapes and replacement of everything. 之后要细心敏锐的观察照片 更加准确而谨慎的重绘特征…but then switch over to observing the photo carefully and redraw the features with more accuracy and care. 这就是如何在工作中用到默画This is how you can use memory sketching in your workflow. 你可以使用默画的技巧提出夸张的主要概念You can use the memory sketch thchnique to come up with the main concept for the exaggeration… 但是最后要完成工作 还是要回归照片…but then go back to the photo to finish the job. 看3秒3 second glance 好的Ok. 这种线条可能是我最喜欢的素描方式了This right here is pabably my favorite gesture sketch of the bunch. 它足够让你识别一幅肖像There is just enough at this point to discem a likeness. 它完美的展现了我的风格以及对漫画人物的品位And it perfectlyshows my style and taste as a caricaturist. 一想起来我就会提起它Just thought I would mention that. 这也是我画漫画的时候最喜欢的角度This is also one of my favorite angles to draw a caricature form 我喜欢这种半面侧向 因为他能展示出全脸 让我画出三维结构I lovetis mid-three-quarter view because it shows almost the whole face, while allowing me to indicate the three-dimensional structures. 一个像这样的半面侧向可以让你的素描达到一种特别动态的感觉A three-quarter view like this will help you achieve a very dynamic feeling in your sketch. 形状重叠 比如鼻子跟脸颊这块 可以引发形状间活跃的相互作用Overlapping shapes like the nose and cheeks help creat an active interplay of shapes. 仅仅是三秒钟的快速浏览 我无法完全记得这幅素描中眼睛的形状With the quick 3 second glance of the photo, I can’t quite recall the eye shape on this sketch either. 但我记得他们传递出了快乐情绪 眼袋都把眼睑推起来了But I remember that they had a happy expression, with the eyebags pushing up the lower lids. 我不太确定这里有没有十分相似I’ m not sure if I got a great likeness here. 现在看上去有点像内战时期的斯蒂芬·斯皮尔伯格Right now, it looks kind of like Civil War era Steven Spielberg. 事实上他确实长得像内战时期的斯皮尔伯格Actually ,he is kind of does look like Civil War Spiberg 要改善这幅画的话 我之后要把她他的头发加长点to improve he likeness here , I would give him longer hair in back. 还有 要让他的眉毛更向下倾斜点…and make his eyebrows more downward slanting. 同样的 我想我还得让他的鼻子更高一点Also I think I gave him too mich of a bump in his nose. 但是就像我之前说的 我确实喜欢这种动态的感觉 它使幅画充满活力But, as I siad earlier, I do think the dynamtic feeling and energy in the sketches 因此 默画很难So, memory sketching, it’s tough. 它使你退缩It kicks your butt. 你不会像我一样 从中得到一些很好的的素描作品Your not gonna get a lot of great sketches out of it just like me, most of my sketches 我的大多数草图 你懂的 我可能会把它们修改成更有趣 更准确的漫画are, you know, I could probably develop them into more interesting, more accurate caricatures. 但这不是我们练习的意义所在But that’s not the point of this exercise. 练习的意义就是 动手去练习The point of the exercise is to just do the exercise. 因为它有助于加强你视觉的肌肉记忆Because it helps you develop your visual muscle memory. 你画的越多 你就越能够依赖于你的记忆力 直觉和本能The more that you can do that, the more that you rely on your memory and your gut and your 当你制作漫画作品时 你可能会注意到我画的那些草图instinct when you are doing caricature work, I think you’ll probably notice that the sketches 那些花最少时间观察的主体I did when I was looking at the subject for the least amount of time, 实际上是更滑稽的夸张were actually my funnier exaggerations. 它们趋向于更大胆 更冒险 更有趣They tended to be more bold and more risky and more fun. 事实上是因为 我是通过我认为我记住的这个人以及Really because I was drawing from what I thought I remembered about the person and what stood 他们外貌突出的 独特的或与众不同的 来作画的out about their likenesses, being unique or different from the average. 这就是默画的要点And that’s the whole point of this. 因此尽可能的多做这种练习 把它们当作So, do these exercises as much as you can, do them as a warm-up 在你正式作画之前的热身before maybe you do your real work. 但是别太有压力 就算没能画出很好的作品也没关系But don’t get stressed out about it, if you don’t get great drawings, thats ok. 放轻松 愉快地去练习Just relax, do the exercise and have fun. 如果你喜欢这个视频If you enjoyed this video, 就分享给你的朋友们吧share it and tell your friends. 还有 如果想追更的话And if you wanna get updates on new videos, 点击网页proko.com 订阅新消息推送go to proko.com and subscribe to the newsletter.
  • 2021-09-09如何制作弹跳球动画1.弹跳球 怎样制作动画 主图 测试 在间隔处画上小球 测试 在间隔处画上小球 放慢 测试 挤压变形 撞击 测试 拉伸 测试 最终效果 如果你想让我做什么类型的动画教学 请在评论区留言告诉我吧
  • 2021-09-07想画一幅能长期保存的画作要用到什么工具In my last supplies video在上一个绘画工具视频中 I went over supplies that I use in my videos.我回顾了我在视频中使用的绘画工具 Now let’s go over the ones I use for longer drawings,现在我们来看看我用来画那些能长时间保存的画作的工具 that are meant to be hung at a gallery or someone’s home.这些画是要挂在画廊或某人家里的 我用来画能长时间保存的画作的绘画工具 I commonly use charcoal on newsprint paper我画素描和向你们做展示时 when sketching and demonstrating.通常用炭笔和新闻纸 Newsprint is very cheap新闻纸很便宜 and an enjoyable surface to draw on而且用来画画非常享受 because of how cleanly it takes the charcoal.因为它能清晰地显示炭笔的痕迹 However newsprint is not archival.但新闻纸不能用来收藏 It will yellow and wrinkle over time.随着时间的推移 它会变黄起皱 So, if you’re doing a longer drawing that you want to preserve,所以 如果你想画一幅用来收藏的大作 it’s not a good option.它不是个好的选择 So, let’s go over some archival options.那么 我们来看看一些用来画收藏品的工具吧 Graphite石墨笔 So, the first option I’m gonna go over is using graphite pencils,那么 我要讲的第一种工具是石墨铅笔 instead of charcoal.而不是炭笔 Graphite pencils are great!石墨铅笔很棒! They get you almost a full range of values,它能画出几乎全范围的灰度 you can get a bunch of them with varying degrees of hardness,你能买到一堆硬度不同的石墨铅笔 they allow for very precise detail drawing,能用来绘制非常精确的细节 and they don’t smudge much..也不会被擦糊太多 Most of us have been using graphite pencils since first grade.我们大部分人从一年级开始就用石墨铅笔了 It’s your everyday #2 pencil.就是你每天用的2号铅笔 So, we’re comfortable using it.所以我们用起来它会很顺手 Graphite works best when using only the tip of a finely sharpened pencil.笔尖被细磨过的石墨笔最好用 Since you’re always using the tip,只要你一直用笔尖作画 the drawing ends up being very detailed.就可以画得很细致 The medium wants to be very precise,画作要细致 but it also takes a much longer time to shade.但画阴影需要更长的时间 Though you can just use any old #2 pencil to do a drawing,尽管你可以用随便一支旧2号铅笔画画 I recommend getting some professional grade tools.但我建议你买一些更专业的工具 When I made the switch当我换了更专业的工具之后 I noticed a significant improvement in my line quality and precision.我注意到我画线条的质量和精度有了显著的提高 My favorites are the Staedtler brand.我最喜欢的品牌是施德楼 Individual wooden pencils are good,单根的木制铅笔很好 but I like the mechanical even more.但我更喜欢自动铅笔 I like that it’s slightly heavier自动铅笔稍微重一些 and the sharpener that you get for it gets the tip very sharp,而且用配套的卷笔刀能把笔尖削得非常锋利 and mechanical pencils stay the same length no matter how many times you sharpen them,无论你削多少次它也不会变短 so you don’t have to deal with tiny little pencils.你不用想办法处理那些很短的铅笔头 With wooden pencils如果用木质铅笔 you have to rely on access to an electric sharpener wherever you go你就得随身携带一个电动卷笔刀 or carry one of those crappy portable ones.或者带那些蹩脚的便携式卷笔刀 The sharpener for the staedtler mechanical pencil is portable施德楼牌自动铅笔的卷笔刀是便携式的 AND it works beautifully.而且做得很漂亮 The whole pencil setup will cost you a bit,整套工具会花你一点钱 but it’s worth it.但物有所值 Let’s go through each item.让我们看一下这套工具 You’ll need a Staedtler Mars Technico Lead Holder.你需要一支施德楼Mars Technico自动铅笔 Now this doesn’t hold your regular 0.5 and 0.7 mm lead.但这不能加你平时用的0.5和0.7 mm笔芯 Oh no, you’re working with the big boys now.哦 对 你现在要用大家伙了 This guy holds 2mm lead!这支能加2mm的铅笔芯! I get the hb, 2b and 4b packs.我有HB 2B和4B盒装铅笔芯 I use the hb for the initial layin and light halftone shading,我用HB画初稿和浅色的半色调阴影 the 2b for darker halftones and some shadows,2B画较暗的半调和一些阴影 and the 4b for the darker shadows.4B画更深的阴影 You’re gonna need a sharpener,你需要一个卷笔刀 they call it a “lead pointer”.他们称它为“铅芯研磨器” Pull out about 1.5 cm of the lead,拉出大约1.5 cm的铅芯 put it in the hole and spin!把它插进孔里然后旋转! Just be careful not to get too wild with the sharpener只是要小心 不要太用力 because you can break the tip.不然你可能会弄断笔尖 For the paper,至于纸 I like to use the Strathmore 400 or 500 Series Bristol Board.我喜欢用丝蒂摩牌400或500系列的布里斯托纸板 I prefer the smoothest surface possible,我喜欢光滑的纸面 so I look for the words ‘smooth’, ‘plate’ or ‘hot press’.所以我找的关键词是“光滑” “平滑”或“热压” They all basically mean ‘smooth’.它们基本上都表示“光滑” To erase, I like a kneaded eraser,至于橡皮 我喜欢用可塑橡皮 or as the british call them, “rubbers”.像英国人说的 “rubbers” I like them because I can shape them我喜欢它们 因为我可以改变它们的形状 to erase large areas, or small details.来大面积擦除或擦掉小的细节 They also don’t poop crumbs all over the paper它们也不会像其他橡皮一样 like some others do.弄得纸上全是橡皮屑 And when they get dirty,而且如果它们脏了 just knead them to clean them up.揉一揉就干净了 Optionally you can add a layer of charcoal powder under the graphite pencil.你也可以选择在石墨铅笔下加一层碳粉 Though I do use it for most of my longer drawings,虽然我大部分要长期保存的画上都用了这个方法 like this one,像这样 you could manage without it, like this..你也可以不用它 像这样 The powder is applied with a brush,碳粉用刷子涂开 which I’ll show in the shading video.我会在画阴影的视频中演示 This allows you create very soft gradations你能画出很柔和的渐变 which are hard to do with the pencil.这是用铅笔很难做到的 And it allows you to quickly cover large areas of dark你能很快的覆盖大面积的暗部 which is tedious to do with the pencil.而用铅笔来处理是很繁琐的 When you use the powder you blend a lot of your shapes together用碳粉的时候 你可以混合许多形状 which can reveal some lost edges.可以显露很多虚化的边线 And lost edges look totally awesome in a drawing…虚化的边线在绘画中看起来非常棒 I use this same approach in my upcoming video on shading.我会在将要发布的教阴影的视频里用同样的方法 Look out for that.到时候仔细看 You’ll also see me using a scrap paper你还能看到我用一张废纸 or bridge to rest my hand on.或桥来垫我的手 If you’re like me, by the time you’re done with the drawing,如果你跟我一样 画完画之后 the bottom of your hand is completely covered in charcoal.手下沾满了碳粉 Use this to rest your hand on to keep your hand AND your drawing clean.用这个垫着你的手 保持手和画面的干净 And once you’re done with the drawing,一旦你画完了 you can spray with fixative to prevent any smudging.你可以喷上固定剂防止你的画弄脏 If you used powder,如果你用碳粉 I highly recommend you fix it.我强烈建议你固定它 After you spray the drawing,喷完固定剂后 you can draw on top of it,你可以在上面继续画画 but you can’t erase what you sprayed.但你不能擦掉固定过的部分 One thing many people dislike about graphite is the shine.许多人不喜欢石墨的光泽感 When you go dark with graphite当你用石墨笔涂得很深时 it starts to become reflective.它会反光 If this glossiness bothers you,如果这种光泽让你很困扰 then consider using charcoal pencils.你可以考虑用炭笔 Charcoal Pencils炭笔 So, a lot of the materials for my charcoal drawings我画炭笔画时用的很多材料 are the same as graphite.跟我画石墨画时是一样的 We still have the kneaded eraser, powder, brushes, scrap paper or bridge, and the spray.我们还是会用可塑橡皮 碳粉 刷子 废纸 桥和固定剂 The only two differences are the pencils唯二的区别在于笔 (obviously, they’re charcoal instead of graphite)很明显用的炭笔而不是石墨笔 and the paper.和纸 You could use the same paper for both,你可以用相同的纸 but these are just my preferences.我说的只是我的偏好 The pencil I use is a Conte 1710 HB, B or 2B.我用的笔是康缇1710 HB B或2B I like to use the hb or b for layins and shading the light halftones,我喜欢用HB或B画背景和亮半调 and the 2b for shading the shadows.2B用来塑造阴影 If you’re wondering how to sharpen it like that,如果你想知道怎么像这样削铅笔 check out this video.看看这个视频 I’ve been looking for a paper that takes a charcoal pencil cleanly我一直在寻找一种能用炭笔画画的纸 without much texture breaking up the strokes,不会有太多纹理破坏笔触 especially when using the side of the pencil to get soft gradations of tone.特别是能用炭笔侧面来画出柔和的渐变调时 Most of them just don’t do it for me.大多数纸都不能做到 “Arches 88 silk screen paper” is the best I’ve found.阿诗88丝印纸是我能找到的最好的纸 It has very little texture, it’s soft,它的纹理很细 很柔软 and doesn’t fall apart much when erasing.擦了很多次也不会弄坏纸 If you’re used to drawing on newsprint如果你习惯在新闻纸上画画 this is a good archival alternative这是个很好的收藏级替代品 Where do you get this stuff?哪里能买到这些东西呢? In the description I have the full list of all these supplies我把这些工具的清单和链接放在说明里 with links to where you could buy them online.你可以在网上购买它们 Depending on where you live,这取决于你住在哪里 you might be able to find this stuff at your local art store.你可能在当地的艺术商店里能找到它们 But, i don’t know.但我不太清楚 You guys are watching this video all around the world,你们在世界各地看这个视频 so I have no idea about the availability of these stuff where you live.我不知道在你们住的地方能去哪里买 You could at least buy them online你们至少能在网上买到 and hopefully the shipping isn’t too expensive.希望运费不太贵 Ok, that about wraps it up!好了 差不多结束了 To see an example of how I use these supplies,想看我怎么用这些工具的话 watch my next video.就关注我的下一个视频吧 Make sure to check out Proko.com/store一定要登录Proko.Proko.com/store for all the online video courses I have available,查看我发布的所有在线视频教程 like Portrait Drawing and Figure Drawing,比如 肖像画和人物素描 and a lot more no the way.还有很多视频正在制作中 If you like this video,如果你喜欢这个视频的话 share the wealth, tell your friends.就跟你的朋友共享财富吧 Post it on your favorite social network.在你最喜欢的社交网络上发布出来 Click this button here to subscribe to the Proko newsletter如果你想收到更新提示 if you want to be updated about new videos.点击这个按钮关注Proko简讯 Byebye.再见
  • 2021-09-07艺术与艺术家简介苏格兰国家美术馆 马塞尔·杜尚 艺术与艺术家介绍 马塞尔•杜尚 [Music playing](音乐) Although he trained as a painter, the French artist Marcel Duchamp尽管接受过绘画训练 is known for the radical break he made from traditional art form by inventing”the readmit”,法国艺术家马赛尔•杜尚却是因提出“重新认知”概念 is known for the radical break he made from traditional art form by inventing”the readmit”,引发传统艺术体系的剧烈动荡而成名 a term he coined to refer to an existing object该术语是指那些 that is taken from its original context and regarded as a work of art.跳离原先环境进而成为艺术品的普通物品 In the 1910s, Duchamp began appropriating readmit objects,二十世纪一十年代 杜尚开始从普通物品中创作重新认知物 including a bicycle wheel, a shovel and a urinal.其中包括一只自行车轮 一个铲子和一个便池 which he then signed, retitled and presented as artworks in their own right.他给这些东西签名 改个名称然后直接作为艺术品展出 He did this most famaously with his reamdit”Fountain”,他做的最有名的重新认知物是《喷泉》 perhaps one of the most controversial artworks in history这大概是史上最有争议的艺术品之一了 Duchamp’s work is characterized by a taste for jokes, tongue in cheek quite杜尚的作品往往具有诙谐 讽刺的特征 and some aversive humor, rife with sexual innuendos.有着讨人厌的幽默感 并充斥着性隐喻 His questioning attitude towards definations of identity他对物件本体和原作者的定义持质疑态度 and authorship is personified by his alter ego Louis C’est la vie. 并将这种态度通过他的另一个人格:路易•塞拉维来体现 In the mid1930s,20世纪30年代中叶 Duchamp began to make miniature reproductions of all the work he had made to that point–杜尚开始做他做过所有重新认知物的微型复制品 Bote-en-valise Box in a suitcase.《手提箱里的盒子》 I thought of the idea of a box in which-我有个想法 艺术品可以在盒子里 they would be melded like in a small museum,像个小博物馆一样陈列 a portable museum便携的博物馆 and uh, it is.就像这样 This leather case contains 69 miniature reproductions,这个皮革箱装有69个微型的复制品 including Fountain and a portrait of louis C’est la vie.包括喷泉和路易·塞拉维的画像 Duchamp made 24 versions of the case杜尚做了24个版本的盒子 and each of these features a different,每个盒子都附有一张不同的手绘原稿 hand-colored original, fixed to the inside of the lid.固定在盖子内侧 The box unpacks in such a way that盒子打开之后 some sections slide out with other folders with black and white prints inside.部分区域会滑出来 里面是装有黑白印制品的夹层 For Duchamp.,对杜尚而言 there is no clear distinction between the original and reproduction,这些原作品和复制品之间没有明确的界线 a concept cleverly embodied in this piece.这个概念被巧妙地在这件作品中体现 The case is also reminiscent of a traveling salesman’s display case这盒子又令人想起推销员工作时用的展示箱 containing a selection of Duchamp’s work like a portable museum装着杜尚的作品选品 仿佛一个便携博物馆 made for his move to New York in the 1940s.专门为杜尚在上世纪四十年代搬往纽约准备 Duchamp’s influence has increased over time杜尚的影响力日渐提升 and artists such as Andy Warhol, Damien Hirst以至于安迪•沃霍尔 达米安•赫斯特 and Sarah Lucas have been referred to as Duchampion.和莎拉·卢卡斯等艺术家被称为杜尚派 He’s also spoken out as being the godfather of conceptual art他也被称为概念艺术之父 with his focus on the artists’ idea over their statics and skill.因为他更关注艺术家的概念而不是技巧 There’s no doubting that Duchamp, in the age of the machine毫无疑问 在机器时代 was, and still is one of the world’s most influential artists.杜尚一直都是全球最具影响力的艺术家之一
  • 2021-09-07什么是立体主义《苏格兰国家美术馆》 Cubism is often credited as being one of the most avant-garde,立体主义常被称为艺术运动中最前卫 groundbreaking and revolutionary art movements.最具创新性和革新性的 But what exactly is Cubist art? And who were the Cubists?但立体艺术是什么? 谁是立体主义者呢? The two most pivotal artists, referred to as the ‘inventors of Cubism’最核心的两位艺术家是“立体主义的创造者” are France’s Georges Braque, and Spain’s Pablo Picasso.他们是法国的乔治·布拉克和西班牙的巴勃罗·毕加索 Back in the early 1900s,十九世纪初期 these two pioneers started to represent and depict their subject matter这两位先驱开始同时 from multiple angles and viewpoints at the same time从多角度多视角表现主题 rather than from a single fixed position, which had been the norm prior to that.而不是按先前的规范 从某个固定角度表达主题 Despite the name of the iconic movement,虽然这次标志性运动名为立体主义 neither Braque or Picasso ever painted cubes但布拉克和毕加索都没有画过立方体 The term itself actually originated from a derogatory remark这一术语实际上来源于 made by an art critic in 19081908年一位艺术评论家的负面评价 The critic had disparaged Braque by saying这位评论家贬低布拉克道 the artist reduced everything ‘to geometric Schemas, to cubes’.这位艺术家将一切简化成几何图形 简化成立方体 The term soon became widespread.这一词语广泛传播开来 Cubism was born.立体主义就此诞生 Cubist techniques were evident throughout all of Picasso’s work at this time.这段时期毕加索所有作品都展示了立体主义者的技法 ‘Tête’ for instance is one of his most celebrated artworks例如《头像》是他最负盛名的艺术作品 and the most abstract of all of his cubist collages是他所有立体主义拼贴的最抽象表达 The half circle drawn in charcoal depicts the profile of a head.用炭笔画出的半圆代表头部 The small circle and diagonal line with the arc represent an eye and nose.小圆和对角线及弧形代表一只眼睛和鼻子 The pasted on elements represent the face, hair, and neck.拼贴元素代表脸 头发和颈部 Within a few years, both Braque and Picasso几年后 布拉克和毕加索 began to incorporate letters into their Cubist works.开始在立体主义作品中融入字母 Braque’s ‘Le Bougeoir’ meaning ‘The Candlestick’ from 1911布拉克1911年的作品“烛台” is a very early example of one of his paintings to include lettering.是他最早使用字母的作品 The purpose of this lettering was to question the relationship字母的目的是对文字 图像 between words, pictures, and the objects they represent.及它们所代表的物体间关系提出疑问 Towards the top of the painting is a candle 画作的最顶端是蜡烛 which helps to identify the shape below as a candlestick.以助我们辨别下方的形状是烛台 A simple clay pipe, the kind Braque smoked, lies to the centre right,简单的黏土烟斗 和布拉克使用的一样 出现在中间偏右的位置 and below that are a bobbin, and a pair of scissors.下方是线轴和一副剪刀 Within a few years, a small group of artists based in Paris几年以后 巴黎的一小群艺术家 including Fernand Léger, Robert Delaunay, and Sonia Delaunay包括费尔南·莱热 罗伯特·德劳内和索妮娅·德劳内 were following the lead of Braque and Picasso’s abstract art.追随布拉克和毕加索引领的抽象艺术 They wanted to emphasise the point that the painting is a flat surface他们想强调画作是平面的 while the things they represented were three-dimensional.而他们想表现的是三维的 So instead of a choosing a fixed perspective,因此 他们没有选择从固定角度表现主题 and presenting views as if seen through a window而像是透过窗户看进去那样 they painted motifs as if seen from several different angles at once.他们绘成的图形好像是同时从不同角度观察而来 The Cubist style quickly spread across Europe and America立体主义风格很快在欧洲和美洲流传开来 with particular popularity burgeoning in Russia尤其是在俄罗斯迅速流行开来 where the style corresponded and chimed with newly forming revolutionary ideals.这种风格与新形成的革命理想相得益彰 In Scotland the work of artists like William Crozier在苏格兰 威廉·克罗齐的作品中 also displayed a strong affinity with Cubism也显示了对立体主义的强烈喜爱 as can be seen in this painting of Edinburgh from the late 1920s.可以从这幅19世纪20年代爱丁堡的画作中看出来 Cubism soon splintered and morphed into various different styles立体主义很快在各国分化 across numerous different countries.转变为不同的艺术形式 The Italians had Futurism, the British had Vorticism像意大利的未来主义 英国的漩涡主义 the Russians had Suprematism and Constructivism俄罗斯的至上主义和构成主义 it also inspired and influenced movements around the world in different creative disciplines还激励和影响了全球不同创造性领域的运动 such as architecture, music, and literature.例如在建筑 音乐和文学方面 Given the far reach and impact of the movement鉴于此项运动的深远影响 and its many exciting and important offshoots及其重要而精彩的衍生流派 the case can easily be made for Cubism as being the most立体主义当之无愧为 radical and influential art movement of the 20th century.20世纪最激进 影响最大的艺术运动 The Cubists constructed new realities –立方主义者构建新的现实 moving away from traditional ideas of representation leading to abstraction.从传统观念的表象迈向了抽象 《苏格兰国家美术馆》
  • 2021-09-07如何画一个喝咖啡的女性大家好 欢迎观看周二课室Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of tutorial! 我是Leonardo Pereznieto 今天教大家如何画一个喝咖啡的女孩I am Leonardo Pereznieto and today we will sketch a girl drinking coffee. 首先 画头部的圆We begin by making a circle for the head. 再画一条线 显示脸部位置Then a line to indicate were the face will be. 这里将会加强显示In this case it is going to be tilted. 在头部中间画交叉线作为基准线I draw a light cross in the middle of the head as a reference. 要画得足够轻 看起来就像没有[笑声]It is so light it is almost imaginary [laughter] 但是这标出眉毛的高度but it tells me the height were the eyebrow goes. 眉毛下面 在侧面画出轻微的凹线条And just below it, there is a slight recess in the profile 接下来是鼻子 凸出来and then the nose, sticks out. 下面画嘴唇 下巴 下颚Underneath we have the lips and the chin, and the jaw arrives 画在交叉线的垂直面to the right of the vertical line of the cross. 非常好!Very good! 现在来画优美细长的脖子 接下来是肩膀和手臂Let´s draw the neck, skinny and elegant and then the shoulder and the arm 画到手肘处up to the elbow. 背部…The back… 和她身上的衣服… and the clothing that it´s covering her. 差不多像这样 还有她身后的衣服More or less like this and also the part of clothe behind her. 手臂应画得更长一些The arm should be a little longer. 现在画眼睛 在眉毛下方 类似于三角形Now let´s draw the eye, which is like a triangle, just below the eyebrow. 我们继续来把鼻子细节画出来And we go over and detail the nose a little bit better. 这里画前额 后面开始画头发The forehead here, and we begin drawing the hair. 非常好!Very good! 她要喝一杯醒晨咖啡She is going to be drinking a delicious morning cup of coffee. 所以我们画杯子So we draw it. 在这里 握着杯子的手是遮挡住的And the hand that is holding the cup will be hardly seen, here. 手臂成垂直角度And the arm in a vertical position. 现在画她背上的头发Let´s draw her hair, on the back like so. 我喜爱画人物速写和素描 因为每个步骤I love doing figure drawings and sketches, it has been some time 都是可以看见的now since the last one. 我好喜欢这幅画So I´m enjoying this very much! 现在开始打阴影And now, let´s begin shading. 用握笔的手势打平行线And I do most of it by making parallel lines, like if I was drawing with a pen. 斜方肌是一个明点 用橡皮擦亮Here I should have left a light so let´s erase it, on the trapezius muscle. 这幅素描 用的美国三福靛蓝色彩铅For this sketch, I´m using an indigo blue pencil, which is a Prismacolor 易擦除彩铅系列Col-Erase. 我喜欢这类彩铅 因为可以修改擦除I like this type of pencil for sketching because it can be erased. 使用的工具 都会在视频中说明The exact tools I´m using are, as always, in the description of the video. 加深一些阴影 像是手内臂的阴影I darken some of the shading, like the core shadow on the arm, 修改了眉毛的形状and I correct the shape of the eyebrow 因为从背部看起来 有点太高了as it was rising a little bit too high on the back. 嘴唇用细致的线条塑型Let´s shade the lips, and define the line a little bit better. 真诚期待大家的评论和支持I want to let you know that I reallly appreciate your comments and your support, 请告知我们想要学其他哪种教程and please do let me know 我们都可以教学what other tutorials would you like me to do for you. 在头发上加上一些细节 不要太多We do a little bit more detail on the hair but not too much. 这看起来像是素描了I want this to be sketchy. 我们差不多完成了We are almost there! 做最后的细节 最后的修改 完成了!We do the last details, the last touches and it´s ready! 如果喜欢这个视频 请给我们点赞和分享给你的朋友们If you enjoyed it, please give it a LIKE! share it to your friends and subscribe to 并且请订阅 Fine Art-Tips频道Fine Art-Tips. 下周二再见;)And I will see you, on Tuesday
  • 2021-09-07写生!涂鸦!怎么画画How to art! 你寻找方法You asked for it, 就这儿 我们要聊聊怎么画画here it is. We’re gonna talk about how to art. 我是玛丽 我会涂鸦 绘画My name is Mary and I doodle and paint, 我想给你们展示一些方法and I wanna show you some ways 让你们也能涂鸦 绘画that you could doodling and painting, 以及激励你们找到属于自己的风格and inspire you to find your own voice. 好消息 学习画画并不需要天赋Good news! Learning to art is not a talent-based thing, 它实际上是一种技能 一门技术it’s actually a skill, it’s a technique, 任何人都能学习这门技术and anybody can learn the technique. 你只需要时间 练习和耐心It just takes time, and practice, and patience, 对自己要有耐心and patience with yourself because 因为你要花很多时间去练习you’re gonna take a lot of time to practice. 在以后的视频里 我会讲授一些特别的东西In future videos, I’m gonna go over some really specific stuff 就是你们想学的如何用水彩颜料画画that you wanna learn how to draw or paint with watercolor. 但现在 我们要从最开始But right now we’re gonna start at the very beginning, 以每个人开始画画的基本功讲起with the very basics where everyone begins. 写生和涂鸦Sketching & Doodling 每件事都需要练习 每一件事Everything takes practice, everything, 包括绘画和着色including drawing and painting. 涂鸦和写生是艺术家Doodling and sketching is a great way for artists to 练习学着画某一主题的好方法practice learning to draw certain subjects, 或者让他们自己为最终的绘画做好准备or just prepare themselves to make the final painting. 涂鸦的定义是Doodling is defined as 没有目的的乱涂乱画 不需要思考scribbling absentmindedly, without thinking. 它可能是你在无聊班会上的And may add it’s an excellent way to pass the time 一个极佳打发时间的方式when you are in a boring class meeting. 填满空白的地方Fill in the blank here. 朋友们 我在这儿乱画Bro, I’m just doodling here. 涂鸦在外有个名声Doodling has a reputation for 就是它可能是你做过的最不重要的事being the most unimportant thing you could be doing. 但它实际上会有所不同But it can actually make a difference. 涂鸦是让你眼手协调的好方法It’s a great way to work on your hand-eye coordination 谁知道呢 涂鸦能产生灵感and who knows? Ideas can come from doodling. 写生的定义是Sketching can be defined as 一种简单或是快速 按计划完成的绘画或着色a simply, or hastily, executed drawing or painting, 尤其是指一种初步的描绘especially a preliminary one, 描出大概的 没有细节的特征giving the essential features without the details. 不能再深入讲解了Can’t get it far. 写生是有意识的去加强Sketching is a great way to consciously work on areas 你感觉自己需要提高的地方where you feel like you need to improve. 例如 如果你发现手很难画For example, if you find it difficult to draw, hands! 它太复杂了It’s so complicated! 你可以一遍又一遍的练习画它们的草图You can practice sketching them over and over again, 相当快速地描绘大概 目的是为了熟悉它们really quick rough drawings, just to get familiar with them. 你也可以在开始前 在你进行到一半之前You can also sketch out a final drawing or painting before you start it, 描出一幅大概的草图或是着色before you get halfway through, 并且认识到自己最好用一种and realize that you’d rather have done it 稍微不同的方式画完它in a slightly different way, 有点像 为一篇散文打草稿sort of like writing a rough draft for an essay. 如果你想成为一个漫画家If you’re wanting to be a cartoonist 或是画一本漫画书or draw comic books, 你可以事先拟好人物的草图you can sketch out your characters beforehand. 快速画出他们不同的脸型或发型Sketch them with different face shapes or hairstyles. 你可以尝试给他们画不同的外貌 不同的衣服You can try different looks on them like trying on clothes. 你也可以从不同的角度画他们you can also sketch them from different angles, 让自己对人物外貌变得非常熟悉and get really familiar with what that character looks like. 我也必须指出It also must be said that 如果想成为一个艺术家if you want to be an artist, 看起来像个艺术家非常重要it’s very important that you look like an artist. 我的意思是 观察是艺术的一个重要部分I mean a big part of art is observation, 尤其是观察你周围的世界especially of the world around you, 当然了 也要观察其他艺术家的作品and yes, also of what other artists make. 看看房间里的东西 任何东西都行Take a look at something in the room, anything. 这是什么 它是什么颜色的What is it? What color is it? 它可能是什么颜色What colors it may be. 一个像小南瓜的立体橘子A solid orange like this pumpkin? 但它只是个橘子But is it a just orange? 这里是黄橙色It there yellow orange? 可能有点偏红橙色Maybe a bit of a red orange? 它的基本形状是什么What is its basic shape? 圆形 椭圆Is it a circle, is it an oval, 或是方形 长方形 三角形or square, rectangular triangle? 它是由多种形状组成的吗Is it made of multiple basic shapes? 哪里是亮面 哪里是投影Where is it light? And where is the casting shadow? 你在理解世界You are taking in the world, 然后用自己独一无二的方式向观众反映出来and reflecting it back to your audience in your own unique way. 让我们画吧Let’s art! 开始画画 你所需要是一支铅笔All you need to get started is a pencil and 一张纸 没有先后顺序and a piece of paper in no particular order. 我建议你为自己准备一本写生簿I recommend, get yourself a sketchbook. 什么是写生簿What is a sketchbook? 写生簿有点像全部是空白页的日记本A sketchbook is like a journal full of blank pages 你可以在里面写生和涂鸦where you can put your sketches and your doodles, 你可以把它们都收集在一起以备以后参考and you can keep them all together to reference later. 可能从旧想法里面挖掘新灵感And maybe discover old ideas that you wanna explore more, 或是仅用来提醒自己 几年来进步了多少or just remind yourself how much you’ve improved over the years. 写生簿就像女人 有不同的形状和尺寸Sketchbooks like women come in all different shapes and sizes, 不管它是什么 你喜欢的就是最好的and whatever it is, that you prefer is best, 线装的 线缝的 精装的 平装的Wire-bound, stitched, hardcover, softcover, 大的 小的 便宜的 贵的 随便什么big, small, cheap, expensive, whatever. 我第一本写生簿是空白的打印纸My very first sketchbook was blank printer paper 夹在文件夹里 我随身携带shoved into a folder and I carried everywhere. 不一定要太花哨Doesn’t have to be fancy. 这是我给你的挑战This is my challenge to you, 积累一本写生簿 每天画一张get a sketchbook together and sketching it everyday. 这里有些基本的写生技巧And here are some basic sketching tips. 当你写生时When you are sketching, 可以用一支铅笔you can use a pencil, 如果你喜欢 甚至可以用支钢笔you can even use a pen if that’s what you prefer. 如果你用铅笔 力道不同效果不同If you’re using a pencil, pressure makes a big difference. 轻轻的画出大致框架是个不错的开始Light, broad strokes are a great way to start, 然后你可以慢慢加深笔触and then you can slowly add the darker strokes, 加大用笔力道adding more pressure to the pencil. 开始轻描 然后用自己的方式加深Start light and work with your way dark. 随意的画Be sloppy with it. 如果你的写生只是些连续的长线条If your sketches are just one long continuous line, 那么你或许可以在那里画得松散点then you can probably loosen up a little bit there. 这不是最终图样This is not a final drawing, 没必感觉要画完它this doesn’t have to feel finished, 又不是要把它放进博物馆it’s not going in the museum. 你甚至不需要给他人看You don’t have to even show anybody. 所以 别有压力 玩的开心点So pressures off, have fun! 希望这对你有所帮助I hope this is helpful to you, 并且能激励你们开始涂鸦和写生and inspires you to start doodling and sketching. 接下来Coming up next, 我做了个关于绘画工具和材料的视频I got a video on drawing tools and supplies 以及绘制光影的技术as well as shading techniques and lighting. 如果你有特别想学的东西If there’s anything specific that 或者有些疑问you wanna learn about or have questions, 你可以在下方评论you can comment below 或在推特上给玛丽涂鸦发信息or tweet me at Mary Doodles. 确保订阅这个频道And be sure to subscribe to this channel, 那样你就不会错过下一期教学视频so you don’t miss the next tutorials 和每周一次的艺术视频as well as the weekly art videos. 感谢收看Thank you very much for watching!
  • 2021-09-06如何设计肌肉和肌腱——画家的解剖学[主题音乐][Theme music] 大家好 我是Stan Prokopenko 欢迎收看Proko 今天我们将要讲授Hello, my name is Stan Prokopenko.Welcome to Proko! This is the second part of the Intro 肌肉解剖课程的第二部分to Muscles Lesson. 让我们回顾一下 看看肌肉的实际构成部分 有两部分Let’s take a step back and look at what a muscle actually is. There’re two parts, 肌腹 以及肌腱 让我们从肌腹来讲起the belly of the muscle, and the tendons. We’ll start with the belly. 肌腹是由肌纤维组成 肌纤维通常分布在肌肉轴心周围 虽然The belly is comprised of muscle fibers. They usually follow the axis of the muscle, though 当然也有一些例外 这点我过一会儿讲到 通常在肌肉活跃的情况下 肌纤维会聚集形成在表层可见的肌纤维束there are exceptions. More on that in a minute. Muscle fibers group into bundles, which can 通常在肌肉活跃的情况下 肌纤维会聚集形成在表层可见的肌纤维束be seen on the surface form, usually when the muscle is active. 而奇异的是 肌肉褶皱与皮肤皱襞通常会沿着在肌纤维的垂直方向Here’s something cool. Wrinkles and skin folds always happen in the perpendicular direction 而奇异的是 肌肉褶皱与皮肤皱襞通常会沿着在肌纤维的垂直方向to the muscle fibers. 来个小测试!你的额肌控制你的眉毛完成动作并在你的前额形成水平的褶皱Pop quiz! The muscle of your forehead lifts your eyebrows and causes horizontal creases 那么肌纤维是沿什么方向呢?across your forehead. What direction is the muscle fiber? [骷髅君计算的场景][Skelly Calculator Scene] 它是竖直的……肌纤维垂直分布It’s vertical… The muscle fibers are vertical. 当你的肌肉收缩时 是肌腹在缩短 而非肌腱When you flex a muscle, it’s the belly of the muscle that shortens, not the tendons. 当你的肌肉伸展时 也是肌腹在延伸 而并不是肌腱And when you stretch, it’s the belly of the muscle that you’re stretching, not the 肌腱自有它自己的活计要做tendons. Tendons have their own thing going on. 它们像绷带一样 连结肌肉与骨骼Tendons are like the tape that attach the muscles to the bones 又各有特点 不同肌腱有着不同外形 长度以及厚度they do have personality. The shape, length, and thickness varies from tendon to tendon. 肌腱很强韧 足以在肌肉表层聚集成束 它们于是就Tendons are thick enough that they’ll add mass to the surface form. They can appear 以那种我们称为肌腱的长纤维管形式出现了当临近的骨骼肌向外扩张时as these long tubes that we typically think of as tendons. When nearby muscles are bulging 肌腱就会稍稍起到类似约束板的作用out, tendons appear as slightly recessed planks. 这些都可以帮助你判断骨骼肌的These forms can help you identify where a 准确位置muscle is. 另外 组成肌腱的纤维组织与组成韧带和筋膜的是相同的By the way, “tendons” are made of the same fibrous tissue as ligaments and fasciae, 只不过韧带是骨与骨之间的连接 而筋膜是肌肉与肌肉之间的连接but “ligaments” attach a bone to a bone and “fasciae” attach a muscle to a muscle. 腱膜则是一种特殊的肌腱 覆盖较广阔且较薄 对于艺术家来说An aponeurosis is a special type of tendon that’s large and thin. For artists, that 其(腱膜)下的肌肉组成则毫无蒙昧打个比方吧means that it won’t obscure the form of the muscles beneath it. For example, your 你的后背下部事实上是由背阔筋膜包裹的 但你从来没有察觉 因为lower back is actually covered by your lat’s aponeurosis, but you’d never know, because 背阔筋膜极其纤薄 以至于其深面肌肉结构可以展现得清清楚楚aponeurosis…es…are so thin, and the forms of the deeper muscles show through. 有些肌腱还会嵌入在肌腹中 这样的肌腱称为肌鞘Sometimes tendons are embedded inside the belly of the muscle, which is called a tendinous 腹直肌之所以能塑造出“六大块”的模样来intersection. All of the divisions on the rectus abdominis that cut out the 6-pack are 都是靠这些肌鞘a result of these tendinous intersections. 有趣的是 肌腹与肌腱的长度比例What’s interesting is… the length of a muscle belly versus the length of the tendon 是因人而异的 而肌纤维适度偏长的形体往往会varies from person to person. Bodies with proportionately longer muscle fibers tend 更悦目一些 即使看起来肌肉极发达的人 他们肌肉的塑型to look more graceful. Even if the individual is very muscular, the muscles appear to curve 通常也是勾勒得十分雅致修长 较长的肌腱意味着肌腹不得不in and out in elegant, slender slopes. Longer tendons means that the muscle mass has to 变短 所以肌肉就不得不那样紧张兀然地臌胀起来 而造成一种be shorter, so muscles appear as abrupt protrusions and depressions. The overall look is bulky 一种孔壮如山的轮廓的观感with contours that look like a mountain range. 这里是一位有着长肌肉的超级英雄形象 和同样是这位Here’s an example of a superhero with longer muscles. And here’s an example of the same 超级英雄的肌肉较短的形象superhero with shorter muscles. 肌肉组织Muscle Groups 到这里就快要讲完啦!为了给这堂课画一个完美的句号 来给大家一个小小的建议We’re almost done! To wrap up this intro to muscles, I’m going to give you a tip 来简化你图画中的肌肉 相邻肌肉中有着一致for simplifying muscles in your drawings. Muscles nearby each other that have the same 功能的可以归为一群 如我们大腿上有一个肌群叫股四头肌 虽然function can be grouped together, like how we group the “quads” in the leg. Although 准确的说呢 它是四块独立的肌肉 但它们有相似的功能 所以它们会technically four individual muscles, they all have a similar function, so they’re 同时舒张 当它们舒张时 它们变得十分协调 处于同一种状态all at rest at the same time. And when they rest, they blend together and appear as one 辨认肌群也可通过表层浅筋膜上的皱襞来看form. Muscle groups are separated from each other by a soft surface furrow. 肌肉的各种类型 ……可以在付费课程中找到 如果你想要学习Types of muscle… available in the premium section. If you’d like to learn about the 组成人类身体的八种肌肉类型 登录proko.com/anatomy 就能够获得资源8 types of muscles found throughout the body, head on over to proko.com/anatomy. Get the 更多优质解剖课程视频 三维模型 以及绘画展示premium anatomy course for access to the extended videos, 3d models, and more drawing demonstrations. 来吧!我知道你喜欢 如果是这样 不要吝啬哦~C’mon you know you want it. If you like this video, don’t be selfish. Share 分享给你的朋友 如果你也想上传视频 就请点击订阅。it with your friends, and if you want to be updated about new videos click this button or go to proko.com slash subscribe. 嗨 看到我新的App了没?Hey, have you see my new App? 骷髅君的实用美术解剖学范本Skelly the Pausible Anatomy Modle for Artists. 登录我们的官网Proto.com/SKelly 应用软件 或者点击此处按钮下载iOS或安卓版Go to the or Proto.com/SKelly APP. or get it on iOS or Android
  • 2021-09-06和我一起在笔记本上练习涂鸦!莎拉的涂鸦之 笔记本上的涂鸦 妹妹给了我一个新的笔记本我决定在上面画画 练习涂鸦 圆珠笔 感谢观看
  • 2021-09-06我在视频中用到的绘画工具(主题音乐)Theme Music 我是Stan Prokopenko 又到了菠萝绘画的时间Stan Prokopenko here with another episode of Proko. 从我开始制作这些视频 就经常有人问我Since I started making these videos the most commonly asked question has been, “你用的铅笔是什么样的?”“what kind of pencil do you use? “ 我想是时候该做个有关这的视频了I think it’s time to make a video about it. 我确实用的是特制的铅笔 还有一个独特的削笔方法I do have a specific pencil and a specific way of sharpening it. 我这样做是因为在瓦茨工作室就是这样训练的I do this because that’s the way I was trained at the Watts Atelier. 首先 我将展示如何削尖碳笔I’ll start by showing you how to sharpen a charcoal pencil 然后再说下所有其他在我视频中用到过的工具and then go over all the other supplies that I use in my videos. 我喜欢用Conte 1710 B作为常用铅笔I like to use the Conte 1710 B as my go-to pencil. 它的后面顶端有个金环Its the one with the gold ring on the back tip. 不过 我也喜欢使用primo 59B和沃尔夫的碳素6B……But, I also like to use the primo 59B and wolff’s carbon 6B.. 还有不少其他选择And there’s a bunch of other options out there. 他们都略有不同 而想知道它们间的区别 最好的方法就是亲自试试They’re all slightly different, and the best way to see the difference is to just try them out. 它们也并不贵They’re not very expensive. Primo还有Wolff的碳笔比起Conte的更有点像起草用的铅笔The primo and wolff’s carbon feel a bit more like drafting pencils compared to the Conte 所以我会倾向于用它们进行线性绘画and so I use them more for linear work. Conte笔触更粗更软 所以更容易着色 画起来也更容易And the Conte is thicker and softer, so it’s easier to be tonal and more painty with it 我是右撇子 所以我用右手控制刀片 用左手握住铅笔 像这样I’m right handed, so I control the blade with my right hand and hold the pencil in my left hand, like this. 首先我削去木头 露出大概一英寸的碳芯来The first thing I’m going to do is expose about an inch of the charcoal removing the wood. 用左手大拇指向前推刀片Push the razor forward with the left thumb 同时用右手控制刃缘的位置角度and control the position and angle of the blade with the right hand. 削下薄薄的木片 旋转铅笔Take off thin pieces of the wood and rotate the pencil. 注意不要削得过深Make sure not to go to deep. 如果你企图一刀把木头削尽 那很有可能会削坏碳芯If you try to take off all the wood at the same time, you risk cutting into the charcoal. 继续旋转 直到削掉所有的木皮并从木头到碳芯形成一个平滑的圆锥形Keep rotating until all the wood is off and there is a smooth taper from the wood to the charcoal. 有时碳芯上仍然会有一层胶水Sometimes there will be a layer of glue still on the charcoal. 小心翼翼地一点点去除所有的胶水Chip away at it to remove all the glue. 现在我们来专心来削碳芯 把它削成恰当的形状Now let’s focus on getting the charcoal to the right shape. 现在 碳芯顶端处还有这样一些锐角Right now, the charcoal has these sharp corners towards the top. 而我们想要的是一个一直延伸到笔尖的平滑锥度What we want is a smooth taper to the point. 任何边上的糙缘或是尖角都会影响铅笔的正常使用If you have any rough edges or sharp corners on the side, the pencil won’t work properly. 我们想要一个平滑锥度 这样我们打阴影的色调才会比较柔和We want a smooth taper so that we can use the side to shade smooth tones. 我比较喜欢用砂纸把边角磨平I like to use sandpaper to soften the sides. 这种能在大多美术用品商店买到的用起来就不错而且正好能放到铅笔盒里One of these that you can get at most art stores works fine and fits in a pencil box. 不过我更喜欢这种家居储物库里的大块头 因为它们可以清理而且能重复使用I prefer to use these larger blocks from Home Depot because you can clean and reuse them. 中纹砂纸最好用Medium grit sandpaper works best. 向前和向后来回 侧推 同时不断旋转铅笔I use a forward and back or side to side motion while constantly rotating the pencil. 哔BEEP 才开始用这种方式削铅笔时when you first start sharpening the pencil this way. 你可能会弄坏一堆You’ll probably break a bunch of them. 没关系That’s ok. 别受影响Don’t let it get to you. 深呼吸一次 再试一回Take a deep breath and try again. 渐渐的 就没那么难了It becomes much easier over time. 事实上甚至可以打磨得相当快You can actually get quite fast at it. 好的 让我们再试一次Ok, Let’s try that again. 还有 切记!擦掉多余的碳末And DONT FORGET! wipe off the excess powder. 有回我去帮一个学生 结果他们给了我一支沾着多余的碳末的铅笔 我简直想把它折 哔When I come by to help one of my students and they give me a pencil with excess powder on it, I BREAK BEEP 嗯好吧 其实我没那样做 但不要忘记把细屑擦干净!no I don’t actually do that… but don’t forget to wipe! 否则纸上到处都是 你就没法擦掉它了……It get’s all over the paper and then you can’t erase it… 所以你就削好铅笔了So there you have it. 现在我们再来看看所有其他的用品Now let’s take a look at all the other supplies. 首先说纸First, the paper. 我做研究时一般用光滑的新闻用纸 很便宜而且打起阴影来十分柔和I use smooth newsprint when I do studies because it’s cheap and allows you to shade very smooth tones. 重要的是你买“光滑”的 而不是粗糙的It’s important that you buy the ‘smooth’ newsprint and not the rough. 粗糙没什么不好 只是在光滑的纸能把细节画得更精致Nothing wrong with the rough, it’s just that the smooth gets better details. 粗面纸有一些纹理可能会破坏细节The rough has some texture that breaks up the details a bit. 开始绘图前 先确保是你有一厚叠报纸垫在下面Before you start the drawing, make sure you’re drawing on a thick stack of newsprint. 这样打阴影时 它们可以起到一定的缓冲作用 让画面看起来柔和一些This provides some cushion and get’s smoother tones when you’re shading. 如果你直接就放在在画板上画 板的纹理将开始显现If you’re getting towards the back of the pad, some of the texture from the cardboard will begin to show through. 所以 把画过的纸垫在下面 要确保你是在最上层的一张纸上画的So, constantly rotate the paper and make sure you’re working on the top sheet. 我想指出的是 新闻纸不是档案纸I do want to point out that newsprint is NOT archival. 新闻纸会被时间流逝 热量 光照 潮湿 氧化作用影响It will wrinkle and yellow over time if exposed to heat, light, moisture, and oxygen… which 几乎一切都会让它变皱发黄is pretty much everything.. 所以 我也仅在学校的练习中 以及当我研究和拍摄这些教程时使用它So, I use it only for practice in school, when I do studies and film these tutorials. 当我想画一个可以长期保存的木炭画我通常会使用When I want to do a charcoal drawing that lasts, I use watercolor paper 那些质地柔软的水彩纸and I’ll usually choose the ones that are soft and cushiony. 或者我会用石墨铅笔和卡纸Or I’ll use Bristol paper with graphite pencils. 我总喜欢尝试没用过的纸型 建议你也可以这样I’m always trying out new paper and I encourage you to do the same. 至于橡皮擦 我比较喜欢可塑橡皮 因为我能随意改变它的形状To erase, I like a kneaded eraser because I can shape it 来控制擦除面积的大小——大范围还是小细节 细节to erase large areas, or small details. 而且擦的时候不会有碎屑 只需要揉一下就能看起来干净了It also doesn’t fall apart while you’re erasing and you can knead it to clean it up a bit. 你需要随便一个画板:一个木板或是泡沫板 还有夹子来固定纸张You’ll need either a clipboard, a piece of wood, or foam board with clips to hold your paper. 先把画板放膝盖上 再靠在桌子或是椅背上Put the pad towards your knees, and lean it against a table or the back of a chair. 像拿笔刷一样握着铅笔 坐直了 以肩为轴移动 然后就可以开始画了Hold the pencil like a paint brush, sit up straight, move from the shoulder, and you’re ready to begin. 别忘了查看我的肖像画基础DVD教程 其中包括了我Youtube频道上的十六节微课Make sure to check out my Portrait drawing fundamentals DVD which includes 16 mini lessons from my YouTube channel 以及两次我完整的肖像画绘制教学视频and 2 real time demonstration of how I draw a portrait from start to finish 每个大约一个半小时at about an hour and half each. 详情请浏览 proko.com/dvd1.Check it out at proko.com/dvd1. 嗨 如果你喜欢这视频 你的朋友说不定也会哦Hey If you like this video, your friends might too 那就麻烦帮我把这视频分享到你最爱用的社交网站上吧Please help me out and share this video on your favorite social network 还有 别忘了订阅proko官网的时讯And don’t forget to subscribe to the newsletter on Proko.com
  • 2021-09-06学习现实主义肖像画-斯蒂芬鲍曼The joy of working from life is that写生的乐趣是 you’re actually not in total control.你实际上无法完全掌控它 And that allows for you to still这让你可以一直 find new things to discover something there’s chaotic variable in it.找到新的东西 发现其中一些变化 And that actually adds for me, like a lot of excitement.这确实给我增添了不少的乐趣 It’s easy to understand that imagination is finite我们知道想象力在某种程度上是有限的 in a way whereas the shapes that the chaos of nature conspire to present to you而混沌的自然想要呈现给你的形象 are almost infinite.几乎是无限的 There’s innumerable uncountable things that you can do当模特在你面前的时候 while you have a model in front of you.你可以尽情发挥 Inspiration is, I think that it perpetually live within you.我认为灵感一直在你的内心深处 a lot of inspiration you find in the work有很多灵感来自工作 In the craft, in the day to day来自技巧 来自日常生活 in the materials that you’re using来自你使用的材料 your exploration of those materials来自你对那些材料的探索 Using those to the best that you possibly can.和对这些材料的充分利用 So a lot of what I’m passionate about in the work所以在工作中 我所热爱的 is being able to access是能够通过 whatever notes I need to hit安排任何所需的音符 to make the kind of song I’m trying to make.来创造我想要创造的乐章 Sometimes it’s just as simple as is it beautiful, is it elegant?有时候只是简单地思考 它美吗?它优雅吗? Have I made this portrait everything that I can make this portrait?对于这幅肖像我全力以赴了吗? When you look at the work itself当你看到作品的时候 all the years that I’ve spent compelling experiences and knowledge我多年来耗费的经历和知识 all have gone into each form of these expression.都融入成为了这些作品的一部分 It’s about my life.这就是我的生活 Everything that I’ve done leading up to this.是我所经历的一切把我引向此处 It’s about that.就是这样

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