This episode is sponsored by Audible
本视频由Audible赞助播出
*beep*
[哔]
Earwig and the Witch is a 2020 animated film
《阿雅与魔女》是2020年上映的一部动画电影
And the first 3D animated feature produced by Studio Ghibli
也是吉卜力工作室的首部3D动画电影
It’s a slice of life story about a young orphan being adopted by a witch
故事讲述一名孤儿被女巫收养后的日常生活
And…. that’s about it
嗯……就只是这样
If that doesn’t sound very exciting
如果你觉得听起来没什么意思
Yeah, grab a chair and join the rest of the Internet
来 搬好小板凳 看看网上评论
The movie looks so bland, in fact
事实上 这部电影看起来很平淡
The age-old debate on 2D vs. 3D is being brought up once again
由来已久的2D和3D之争再度展开
As always, some anime purists came and said
此时 日漫拥趸总会高呼
“3D just isn’t as dynamic as 2D”
“3D才没有2D生动”
To which my response is…
对此我的回应是……
Please keep your waifu fetish to yourself
请克制住自己对“老婆”的狂热
3D animation has come a long way
3D动画早已出现
With many stunning films produced
无论东方还是西方的艺术家
By artists from both the East and the West
都制作出过无数优秀的电影
Covering a wide variety of styles
他们风格各异
In fact, there are so many good looking 3D animations these days
事实上 如今优秀的3D动画如此众多
We can look to them to find out exactly
我们完全可以通过这些作品来探寻
what went wrong with Earwig
《阿雅与魔女》到底哪有问题
And maybe, even infer the reason behind this misfire
甚至可能推断出问题的根源在哪
Spoiler: It’s not the 3D
简单来说 不是3D的锅
It’s a failure on the fundamentals of filmmaking
而是这部电影连基础的电影技巧都没掌握
So, this is my take on Earwig and the Witch
那么 接下来我会对《阿雅与魔女》进行解读
And why it looks so soulless
同时谈谈它为什么看起来没有灵魂
[WHY GHIBLI’S FIRST 3D LOOKS SOULLESS]
吉卜力首部3D电影为何没有灵魂
[CHAPTER ONE]
第一章
Lighting is often the one thing
灯光的处理
that separates the pro From the amateur
往往会区分出大师和生手
A ton of work and equipment goes into lighting
电影灯光需要大量准备工作和设备
Cinema is painting with lights and shadows
电影就是用光影绘成的画
This is especially important in animation
光影对动画尤其重要
As lighting is often a major part of its visual identity
因为光线往往是动画画风的主要组成部分
Into the Spider-Verse has this neon color glow
《蜘蛛侠:平行宇宙》的光线多为霓虹色
Saturated like a comic book
就像一本漫画一样
Over the Moon frequently employs red and yellow lantern lights
《飞奔去月球》频繁使用红黄灯笼光线
Colors that are associated with traditional Chinese aesthetic
符合其中国传统神话的艺术风格
Even the Godzilla anime trilogy
甚至连《哥斯拉》动画三部曲
Which, by most measures, are petty poorly animated
即使在动作处理上极其不足
Still has a distinct visual style
依然能通过光影效果
through its lighting and shading
绘制出属于自己的画风
And then there’s Earwig, and…
再看《阿雅与魔女》……
Where do I begin
我要从哪说起呢?
*Sigh*
[叹气]
Let’s start from the basics
那就从基础开始说吧
As a rule of thumb
根据经验
Lighting a character from the far side of their face
从角色的远侧打光
Accentuates their shape and depth
可以凸显其形状和深度
See the highlights on the edges?
看到边缘的高光了吗?
There’s a contrast between light and shadow
光线和阴影有着明显对比
This is critical with animations that feature characters
这种打光方式对角色脸部线条简单的
With simplified cartoon faces
动画作品来说非常关键
It adds dimensionality
这样能给角色增加立体感
Making them more interesting to look at
让他们更有看头一些
So, how does Earwig light its characters?
而《阿雅与魔女》的打光方式呢?
… Yep, the vast majority of the shots are lit from the near side
没错 绝大多数镜头都是从近侧打光
With extremely soft light, leaving almost no shadows
而且光线极其柔和 几乎没有阴影
And no, even in 2D
但这不对 即使在2D里
Characters will often have defined shadows
角色也需要阴影来显现形态
As a result
正因如此
Characters in Earwig look about as dynamic
《阿雅与魔女》里的角色看起来
As Ryan Gosling’s acting range
和瑞恩·高斯林一样面无表情
Even when the light comes from a flashlight
即便光源是手电筒
It’s still soft and flat!
光线依然是又柔又平
And that’s another thing
这就来到第二点
The lighting design is really bland, too
片中的灯光设计也很一般
In this scene, she’s telling a ghost story
这一幕里 她正在讲鬼故事
Then, why is the shadow so soft?
但为什么阴影会如此柔和?
This is the place to play with interesting shadows
这种场景就应该给点应景的阴影
Toy Story has a more dynamic design than this
还不如《玩具总动员》的动效设计
And that was made in 1995!
那还是1995年的作品呢!
See how the light curves around the character’s surfaces
看见光线照在角色身上的样子了吗?
This little interaction with light not only makes them feel real
这种和光线交互的效果 不仅让角色更真实
But also help them stand out from the plain background
更让他们从纯色的背景里凸显出来
Whereas in Earwig
而在《阿雅与魔女》中
Characters frequently have the same brightness as the background
角色则经常和背景一样明亮
As if the characters aren’t important
好像角色根本不重要似的
And why would you put them in the darkest part of the frame!?
为什么把他们放在画面最暗的地方!?
Do this!
要像这样!
Not this!
而不是这样!
And why is everything in plain daylight
还有 为什么每个场景都是日光平照?
Almost every single frame
几乎每个镜头
It’s daylight
都是日光
The kitchen has the exact same color light
厨房的光线颜色
As the bathroom!
和厕所一样!
The bathroom!
厕所啊!
Real appetizing, isn’t it?
真让人有食欲 不是吗?
Okay, I want you to imagine a witch’s hut
好吧 我们来想象一个女巫小屋
A place where a witch brews her potions and does her magic
一个用来制造药水和施展魔法的地方
How would you light it?
你会怎么设计灯光?
How about…
是不是应该……
Candles?
来点蜡烛?
Or a cauldron?
一口大锅
Oh, maybe color changing potions inside?
噢 也许再来点变色的药水?
HOW ABOUT F@@CKING DAYLIGHT!?
然而 还是该死的日光!?
Let’s visit Yubaba’s office
我们来看看《千与千寻》里
From Spirited Away
汤婆婆的办公室
It has a fireplace, giving off this ominously red light
里面有壁炉 发出不祥的红光
Next to Yubaba is a tiny desk lamp
汤婆婆旁边有一盏小台灯
Casting harsh, unflattering shadows
投射出高反差 凹凸不平的阴影
Making her unsettling wrinkles even more prominent
使她那瘆人的皱纹更加突出
Behind her, yet another lamp struggles to light the room
在她身后 另一盏台灯在努力照亮房间
The shadows in the frame are moody and oppressive
阴影笼罩整个画面 气氛压抑
This is what I mean When I say
这就是为什么我说
lighting separates the pro From the amateur
灯光会区分大师和生手
[SPONSOR MESSAGE]
赞助消息
Honestly, I feel bad
说实话 我感觉很不爽
The original story of Earwig and the Witch
《阿雅与魔女》的原著故事
Is really delightful and quirky
其实十分诡异而有趣
After all, it was written by Diana Wynne Jones
毕竟其作者是戴安娜·温·琼斯
The same author who wrote Howl’s Moving Castle
她也是《哈尔的移动城堡》的作者
If you are curious and want to find out more
如果你对原作感兴趣
You can do it for free, with today’s sponsor Audible
可以通过今天的赞助商Audible 免费进行了解
On Audible, you can find the largest selections of audiobooks
Audible上有最丰富的有声书资源
Which, personally, I listen to when I’m exercising
我个人总是在运动的时候听
Yes, despite my voice, I do, in fact, exercise daily
对 尽管听着不像 但我每天都会运动
As an Audible member, you get 1 credit every month
Audible会员每个月会得到一个积分
Good for any titles in the premium selection
可以在会员区兑换任何书
From best-sellers to bucket list titles
不管是畅销新作 还是经典名作
They are yours to keep, forever
一旦获取 永远拥有
Visit audible.com/accented
访问audible.com/accented
Or text accented to 500 500
或发送短信至500500
And start your 30 days free trial today
即享30天免费试用
Whether you want to find inspirations through audiobooks
无论你想通过有声书来寻找灵感
Or just get a new hobby to ward off boredom
还是寻找新爱好避免无聊
Audible is an excellent choice
Audible都是绝佳选择
So visit audible.com/accented
快访问audible.com/accented吧
And try it out for free today
今天就开始免费试用吧
[CHAPTER TWO]
第二章
Dust in the air in an antique shop
古董店里漂浮着灰尘
A place filled with history
一个充满历史的地方
Harsh sunlight, overexposing the frame
暴烈的阳光 过度曝光的画面
A hostile work environment
恶劣的工作环境
This is mood
这就是氛围
Atmosphere
气氛营造
It is drawing the invisible through the use of details
即通过细节绘制出看不见的内容
And it’s what separates the kitchen from the f@@king toilet
氛围能把厨房和该死的厕所区分开
This is something Studio Ghibli is especially good at
吉卜力工作室十分擅长营造气氛
When Kiki is flying
当琪琪飞起来
You can feel the wind blowing through the movement of her dress
你能通过她裙子的舞动 感受到风
When the furnace is on
党熔炉开启的时候
The saturated red brings out the heat
鲜艳的红色散发着热量
The grass sways
草摇曳着
The bushes dance
灌木丛起舞
And in Earwig
而在《阿雅与魔女》里
Everything is… static
一切都是……静态的
That’s the opening credit sequence, by the way
顺便说一下 这是动画的开场
Really leaps off the screen, doesn’t it?
着实动感十足 不是吗?
Static trees
静止的树木
Static hair
静止的头发
Static clothes and everything
静止的衣服和其他一切
Even the camera barely moves
连镜头都懒得移动
This is a very stiff movie
这是一部非常生硬的电影
Background characters don’t move around much
背景角色不怎么动
Nor do they talk
也不说话
Moving through foliage
穿过草丛的时候
And you barely get to see the grass sway
也几乎看不到草的摇摆
Even the blender barely moves
连搅拌机都不怎么动
Have you used a god d@mn blender before!?
你[哔]之前用过搅拌机吗!?
I want you to look at this scene
我想让你看看这一幕
With the steam in the air
空气中的水蒸气
And the water flowing on the floor
地板上流淌的水
Can you feel the moisture?
你能感受到湿气吗?
And look at this
再看看这个
Imagine yourself in this place
想象一下你身处此地
With the flying bugs and the blue-tinted shadows
林中的飞虫 蓝色的阴影
Refreshing, and even a bit cold, isn’t it?
很清新 甚至有点冷 不是吗?
Now, look at this scene
再看看这一幕
The main character gets adopted
主角被人收养了
And is about to leave the orphanage she grew up in
即将离开这所她成长的孤儿院
She has to say goodbye to her best friend
她不得不向最好的朋友告别
And… I want you to tell me
现在……我想让你告诉我
What is the temperature in this scene?
这一幕的气温如何?
Is this place in the countryside?
这是在乡村
Or in the city?
还是在城里?
Is this place new or old?
这个地方是新是旧?
How old?
有多旧?
You can’t
你做不到吧
No wind
没有风
No cicadas
没有蝉鸣
No flying birds
没有飞鸟
No cars waiting with the engines on
没有开着引擎等待的车
You can’t feel the world
你感受不到这个世界
That’s how you start your journey?
而这居然是旅程的开始?
Up begin the adventure with a frame full of ballons
《飞屋环游记》的旅程始于大片彩色气球
The light shines through them
光线穿过气球
Giving a magical, colorful light show
制造出魔幻多彩的光影秀
The shadow moves across the street
影子穿越马路
The reflection on the window makes people smile
窗户上的倒影让人微笑
Birds Clouds
飞鸟 流云
The house swaying in the wind
房子在空中摇摆
The main character’s hair moving in the air
主角的头发在空气中颤动
The house interacts with the world
房子和世界产生互动
And the world interacts with it
世界也和房子相互作用
You feel the magic in the air
你能感受到空气里的魔法
You know, magic?
魔法 知道吗?
The thing Earwig and the Witch is about?
就是那个《阿雅与魔女》应该讲的东西?
[CHAPTER THREE]
第三章
Let me ask this question
容我问个问题
Where is your imagination?
你的想象力在哪里?
《寻梦环游记》(2017) 导演 阿德里安·莫利纳 李·昂克里奇
《白蛇:缘起》(2019) 导演 黄家康
《乐高大电影》(2014) 导演 菲尔·罗德 克里斯·米勒
For a movie about a girl adopted by a witch
作为一部讲述被女巫收养的小女孩的电影
It really doesn’t want to show you any magic, does it?
但一副完全不想展现魔法的样子 不是吗?
”Do you ride a broomstick?”
你骑扫帚吗?
“Certainly not”
怎么可能
Yeah, who the f@@k would wanna see that in a witch movie
是 谁[哔]想在女巫电影里看到这种鬼东西
And that’s its biggest problem
而这就是电影最大的问题
It just doesn’t have a lot of interesting things to show
电影并没有展示出很多有趣的内容
This movie has two montage sequences
本片有两个蒙太奇片段
In this scene
在这一幕里
The main character is trying to make a potion
主角正在试图制作毒药
It is extremely badly edited
剪辑得极其差劲
Shots last way too long
镜头持续时间过长
Movements way too slow
动作过于缓慢
It’s edited together with cross dissolves of all things
镜头衔接居然使用了“溶解”的效果
It has the rhythm of a photo album made in PowerPoint
有一种用幻灯片做相册的感觉
But that’s not even the problem
但这都还算不上问题
What IS she doing?
她到底在搞什么?
Is this supposed to be interesting?
这应该是一个有趣的桥段吗?
What do you think of, when you think of potion brewing?
提到制作药水 你会想到什么?
*Explosion*
[爆炸声]
But no, you get to see them rub the thing on their body
可本片没有 你只能看到她们把药水涂在身上
And that’s it
没别的了
They don’t even know if the potion works
连药水有没有效都不知道
Well, what a payoff that is!
好吧 多棒的成果啊
A similar sort of scene is done in Big Hero 6
类似的一幕在《超能陆战队》里也有
You see the main character making… something…
你能看到主角在做着……某个东西
It similarly lacks a payoff
同样 也缺少成果
Or rather, the pay off is delayed to later
或者说 成果作为悬念留到下一幕
But through this time lapse
但通过这段时间
You get to know the character
你对角色有了了解
You see him working overnight
你看到他通宵工作
You see his brother stays by his side for a long time
看到他哥哥在他身边陪伴了很长时间
You understand their relationship is close
你明白他们兄弟情深
You see the character talks to his friends
你能通过主角和朋友们聊天
And you know his friends are impressed by what he’s making
知道朋友们对他做的东西很感兴趣
You get a glimpse into his life
你能窥见主角的生活
It tells you about the character
这让你更了解他
What do you learn about this character?
但你对这个角色又有什么了解呢?
I didn’t tell you but…
我之前没告诉你 但……
This is the first time she gets to make a potion
这是她第一次做药水
Can you tell?
你能看出来吗?
If the climatic montage is just your character
如果一部电影高潮部分的蒙太奇片段
shoving worms into a hole Over and over
只是主角一条又一条地往洞里塞虫子
You have no story
那其中根本就没有故事
What is this movie about…
这个电影到底在讲什么?
Goro?
吾朗?
[CONCLUSION]
结论
And this brings us to the root of the problem
我们随之来到问题的根源所在
The film’s director, Goro Miyazaki
本片导演 宫崎吾朗
The son of the legendary grumpy old man, Hayao Miyazaki
传奇的暴躁老头宫崎骏之子
Growing up, Goro Miyazaki knew he wouldn’t be able to match his father
宫崎吾朗从小就明白自己无法与父亲匹敌
So, he didn’t really try
所以 他压根也没怎么努力
He, instead, pursued a career in landscape architecture
而是选择进入景观建筑行业
And helped design and oversee the excellent Ghibli Museum
帮助设计并监工超棒的吉卜力博物馆
Dude was doing alright!
也算颇有作为!
But then, production on Tales from Earthsea began
但后来 《地海战记》开始制作
Likely due to him bearing the name “Miyazaki”
大概是因为“宫崎”这个姓氏
Producer Toshio Suzuki decided that he should direct the film
监制铃木敏夫决定让宫崎吾朗执导
A decision that would majorly piss off Hayao Miyazaki
这个决定让宫崎骏大发雷霆
He believed his son was too inexperienced
他坚信自己的儿子经验不足
Which, he was right
而事实证明他是对的
But he also decided to be a dick about it
但他也决定对此表现得很小气
And refused to talk to his son throughout the production
整个制作过程中 拒绝和儿子说话
That would be Goro’s career from then on
吾朗此后的创作生涯基本都是如此
Get asked to be a director by the studio
工作室请他来当导演
While receiving little to no help from his father
而他爸几乎不怎么帮忙
Earwig and the Witch is the worst-case scenario
而《阿雅与魔女》处在最坏的情形
The entire creative team was comprised of only young staff
整个团队只有年轻员工
And supposedly, Goro was the only one who knew how to do 3D
而且据说 吾朗是唯一一个会做3D的人
And so, Earwig turned out to be… aimless
结果《阿雅与魔女》就成了一个……漫无目的的作品
A common criticism of the film is that it has no story
影评里普遍提到本片没有故事性
it just ends before things get interesting
剧情还没开始有趣 电影就结束了
And I think the reason is
究其原因 我认为是
Goro Miyazaki didn’t know what he wanted to do
宫崎吾朗不知道他想干什么
He was put on the spot by his peers
他只不过是被同仁推到导演的位置
And, more than likely
而且很有可能的是
He was doing it because he felt a sense of responsibility
他执导只是凭着一股责任心
Which is why there was effort put into Earwig
这就是为什么我能感受到《阿雅与魔女》背后的努力
The technology is well done
技术部分挺好
But the creative stuff is empty
但创意却十分空洞
Art is a reflection of the heart of an artist
艺术作品反映着创作者的心
And Goro’s heart was… probably really confused
而宫崎吾朗内心……估计十分迷茫
“I agreed to help you”
“我答应帮助你
“And you promised to teach me magic!”
而你明明答应教我魔法的!”
All of his films are like this
他的电影几乎都是这样
Only fragments of him shine through
偶尔灵光乍现
Trying so hard to do something new
很努力地去进行新的尝试
Yet also, chasing after what his father has done
但却依然活在父亲的影子里
What do you really want to do, Goro?
吾朗 你到底想要干什么?
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