《历史往事》
《How we got here》
1835年11月25日安德鲁·卡耐基出生于苏格兰
Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25th 1835, in Scottland
他的父亲是一名手织机编制工 他的母亲织鞋补贴家用
His father is a handloom weaver while his mother binds shoes for extra quid
卡耐基深受其母亲的影响
Carnegie was really affected by his mother
她是一位坚强的女性
she was a strong woman
卡耐基想好好照顾她
he wanted to take care of her
他发誓绝不会在母亲在世时结婚
he vowed not to get married until after she was dead
而事实上他也确实是这么做的
and in fact he did carry that out.
当蒸汽织布机逐渐广泛应用于纺织业
But the family business is hit hard
家族事业受到重创
when the steam loom takes over the textile industry
动力织布机的出现使威尔·卡耐基失业
Power looms come along and they drive Will Carnegie
也几乎让他的所有同胞失业
and virtually all of his compatriots out of business
穷困潦倒的一家人坐船来到美国寻求发展
The destitute family flees to America for a new start
1848年
And in 1848, at the age of 13
13 岁的安德鲁·卡耐基来到匹兹堡
Andrew Carnegie arrives in Pittsburgh
由于出产钢铁矿石
Under an iron ore production,
这座城市是一个繁荣发展的制造中心
the city is a growing manufacturing hub
拥有超过900家工厂
with over 900 factories
生产黄铜 锡 玻璃和纺织品
producting brass, tin, glass, and textiles
他在纺织厂工作
He goes to work in the textile mill
当时许多儿童也被雇佣从事这项工作
A lot of children were employed doing this kind of work
因为工作非常简单
because it was really simple
工作可以换取食物
The job puts food on the table
但是是非常少量的食物
but just barely
他曾说上帝就是我的见证人 我绝不会再挨饿
He said as God is my witness, I’ll never starve again
他发誓等他成年后
he’s vowed that when he got to be an adult
他将不再苦苦请求一份工作
he would never have to beg for work
因为希望提升自己的社会地位
Looking to improve his status
卡耐基来到亚特兰大和俄亥俄电报公司从事送信的工作
Carnegie takes a messenger position with the Atlantic and Ohio telegraph company
这项新科技仅仅五年前才引进
The new technology was introduced just five years earlier
[按键声]
[click sound]
电报就是那个时代的互联网
The telegraph was the Internet of its day
它使得与世界上各个地方的即时沟通成为可能
it allowed instantaneous communications to varied places around the world
当卡耐基有能力进入这个行业时
When it gave Carnegie the ability to literally have his finger on the pulse of business
超过90%的电报通讯都是与商业相关的
Over 90% of all telegraph traffic was business-related
这使卡耐基得以展示自己的特殊才能
It also allows Carnegie to exhibit the special skill
他锻炼出通过听摩斯密码就能将内容写下来的能力
He develops the ability to just listen to the Morris code and write it down
并不需要转录
and not have to transcribe it
他的这项才华吸引了托马斯·斯科特的注意力
This talent catches the eye of Thomas Scott
他是宾尼法尼亚铁路西部地区的总监
Western Division superintendent for the Pennsylvania Railroad
斯科特让18岁的卡耐基担任自己的私人电报操作员
Scott hires the 18 year old Carnegie to be his personal telegraph operator
这份工作月薪35美元
The job comes with a monthly salary of $35
宾尼法尼亚铁路公司是当时全球最大的公司
The Pennsylvania Railroad was the biggest corporation in the world
1853年因一起铁路意外事件铁路被堵了
Then in 1853 during a rail emergency when tracks are blocked
卡耐基以老板的名义下令将堵塞车辆全部烧毁
Carnegie signs his boss’s name ordering that the obstructing cars be burned
这让他的老板托马斯·斯科特印象深刻
and impresses his boss Thomas Scott
-嗯 我也会这样做 看看这件事带来的困扰 做得好
-Well I’ll be. Look at the gall on this one. Good job Scott
斯科特将卡耐基的工资涨为50美元一个月
Scott gives Carnegie arise to 50 dollars a month
一年后 宾尼法尼亚铁路开通了一条匹兹堡和费城之间的线路
One year later, The Penn railroad opens a line between Pittsburgh and Philadelphia
卡耐基前往费城学习 并从老板的建议中受益良多
Carnegie is there to learn the industry and benefit from his boss’s advice
斯科特向卡耐基传授了经验 这让卡耐基年轻时就成为了一个富有的人
Scott showed him the ropes made him a wealthy man at a young age
因为斯科特教授了他些投资经验
because he showed him some investments
这些对卡耐基帮助很大
that were very propitious and beneficial to him
安德鲁·卡耐基从一个贫穷的移民者成长为一个成功的商人仅仅用了13年
Andrew Carnegie rises from poor immigrant to successful businessman in just 13 years
但当内战在1861年4月爆发时
But when the civil war erupts in April 1861
卡耐基前途未卜
Carnegie’s prospects are uncertain
他的故事将影响这个国家的未来
How his story unfolds will shape the future of the country
建设现代大都会
build the modern metropolis
并最终决定了美国在第二次世界大战的命运
and decide America’s fate in the Second World War

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